Production and availability of certified seeds in odisha.ODISHA STATE SEEDS CORPORATION LIMITED A Government of Undertaking Santarapur, Bhubaneswar-751002
MANDATE OSSC Ltd is working with the following mandates: Timely supply of quality seeds in each season i.e. Kharif and Rabi through different Deputy Director of Agriculture Ranges and also through its own dealer net work and through PACS as per the indent of the Director of Agriculture & Food Production, Odisha. To arrange and supply vegetable seeds . To take up Production and demonstration Programmes in the farmer’s field. To produce Foundation & Certified seeds for the State’s requirements. To make the State self sufficient in the field of production and distribution of quality seeds. Processing of raw seeds available under seed production programme. Install and operate required processing plants as per State policy and requirement of OSSC Ltd. Construct flat ventilated seed store for storage of seed scientifically to ensure proper germination . Packing of vegetable seeds as per demand of different Govt. organizations
VISION &MISSION VISION To be one of the leading Seed Corporation in the Eastern part of India. To market the ORISEED at the door stop of the farmers in the State. MISSION To organize supply of foundation seeds to the contract growers out of its own production programme. To undertake distribution of seeds to the farmers to support Agriculture Production Programme of the State. To educate farmers to grow improved / notified/ high yielding varieties of seeds for increase in production and productivity. To Organize the training programmes at Panchayat level for better exposure. To provide quality seeds to the farmers through Dealers’ Network. To provide timely quality seeds to the farmers in each season. To Undertake farmer’s training on quality seed production, post harvest technology, seed quality control measures and proper seed storage materials. To enter into agreement with individual seed growers, Co-operative Societies and Private firms in growing & processing of various certified seeds. Sale of Certified seeds to the outside state after meeting own requirement.
SEED SUPPLY VIS A VIS DEMANDSeason Indent Supply % achievedKharif-10 452579 425724 94.06Rabi-10-11 190850 154012 80.69Kharif-11 528999 461280 87.19Rabi-11-12 209225 159044 76.01SALIENT FEATURES Major supplier of Paddy seeds to government i.e around 70% More focus on Paddy seeds procurement and marketing around 28 varieties. Able to meet almost 30% incase of non-paddy seeds. 100% seed sale through own network (Dealer& PACS) Coverage of all 314 blocks of the State for sale of seedsCONSTRAINTS Varietal mismatch Dependency on outside agency for non paddy seeds Non lucrative dealers margin Cumbersome documentation process
BOTTLENECKS IN PRODUCTION Lack of interest amongst farmers in cultivation of long duration of varieties which are not in demand. More demand of short and long duration varieties like Lalat,Khandagiri,Naveen,MTU-1001 and MTU-1010 Lack of availability of short duration breeder and Foundation seeds Climatic aberrations during harvest of short and medium paddy which hampers seed quality Procurement price of short duration paddy compared to long duration paddy is not lucrative considering the yield from short duration paddy. Delayed and prolong transplanting due to delay in monsoon. Delay in receipt of payment on supplying seeds to OSSC in comparison to direct receipt of payment selling the same at door step. Less number of Manpower for extension work as the Corporation level Fear of rejection of seeds at the time of Certification in case of production of new varieties.
BOTTLE NECKS IN PROCESSING YEAR WISE PROCESSING OF PADDY SEEDS YEAR Quantity Procured No. of TOTAL % of (q) processing TPH Utilization plants utilized Kharif-2010 293908 38 98 45 Kharif-2011 425000 45 120 62 Non availability of Godown space at processing plant locations. Frequent power interruptions during peak period of processing during March- June. Utilization of same labourers in processing, loading Unloading due to lack of labourers. Up gradation of processing plant in some locations from 4 TPH to 8 TPH like Jeypore, Balasore and Cuttack. Scattered processing plants with less quantity of procurement Lack of Manpower (Operator) to deal with processing plants Non posting of Plant Engineer for plant operations and maintenance Non providing of Generator sets to processing plants.
Remedial Measures Increase the Seed Production of non-paddy crops like Groundnut, Moong, Biri,Arhar,Maize etc. Optimization of the product mix particularly in case of paddy (from 30 varieties to 15). Compact area approach for integrate production, processing and distribution and thus optimal utilization of processing plants. Leasing out processing plants wherever feasible and possible. Seed organizer model to increase production volume, enforcing quality control systems acts different level of production and processing. Introducing Management inform system connecting district level offices with Head Office through internet connectivity. Computer based accounting system-Integration of stock and billing. Standard operating procedure (SOP) to increase the business process. Focus on production as per varietals demand. Development of additional supply channels for full liquidation of stock. Manpower resources may be effectively utilized in the processing and storage facilities in the focused Zone .