06 July 2012 CSISA Bihar Partners Meet

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Meeting present and potential partners in Bihar forn exploring future scaleup opportunities. Meeting was organised at ICAR RCER.

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06 July 2012 CSISA Bihar Partners Meet

  1. 1. CSISA STAKEHOLDERS WORKSHOP R.K.MALIK AND ANDREW McDonald CISISA- BIHAR
  2. 2. EXPERIENCES OF FIRST PHASE• CA reduces the cost of cultivation.• High cost of fertilizer and diesel cancels out the gains.• Farmers prefer no risk theory• Productivity must increase to sustain• Correct the bad sequencing of RWCS
  3. 3. Issues• Prone to floods or even drought LIKE ( 2009, 2012)in the rainy season• More number of small farmers at any site• Marketing infrastructure even for wheat and rice is poor. Some times farmers get less than MSP• Lack of better-directed spending on fertilizer with more focus on phosphorus in both rice and wheat• Time of seeding or transplanting is single largest manageable constraint.• CBH enjoyed a big labour cost advantage which is not the case now• Water is the single largest POLICY BASED constraint on productivity growth of cereals
  4. 4. Area and productivity of rice in Bihar 2008-2009-Area-3.6 mh Productivity 1.6 t/ha
  5. 5. Direct seeded rice (DSR), Machine transplanted unpuddled rice (MTUPR) and puddled transplanted rice (PTR) Pooled analysis (2010 & 2011) Establish Paddy ment Yield No. of method t/ha Demos. Std. Deviation DSR 5.322 563 .8325 MTUPR 6.776 145 1.2101 PTR 5.162 43 .6128 Total 5.594 751 1.0760
  6. 6. Varietal Spectrum in EIGPEUP Bihar West BengalMTU-7029 MTU-7029 MTU-7029Swarna Sub-1 Swarna Sub-1 BPT-5204BPT-5204 Rajender Mansoori Shatabadi(IET-4786)Sarju-52 Rajender Bhagwati RatnaRajender Mansoori MTU-1008 MTU-1081MTU-1008 Jalnidhi Radhuni BhogHybrids BPT-5204 Sita Bhog Hybrids Badshah Bhog Hybrids
  7. 7. Performance of hybrids and varieties in PTR and DSR in Bihar PTR DSR
  8. 8. Nitrogen Use in Hybrids 9.2 9.1Paddy yield (t/ha) 9 8.9 8.8 8.7 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.3 8.2 Pri ma Ari ze 6444 Dhani HYBRIDS
  9. 9. Polynomial relationship between sowingtime and grain yield of wheat under ZT and CT ZT CT
  10. 10. TEN POINT PROGRAM (TPP) Targets Interventions Gains Area%1. Laser Land Levelling Water 052. Early Transplanting –MTUPR/ community nursery Yield 053. Power tillers based ZT machines Yield 054. Conventional Till Direct seeded Rice (CTDSR) Water 025. Hybrid rice with less N-use Profits 156. Area expansion in Kharif and spring maize Water 027. Intercropping with Rabi Maize, summer moong and ZT soybean Profits 108. Yield premium -Early wheat sowings Yield 15 Sustain9. Zero tillage wheat and lentil-Residues ability 1010. Yield premium-Long duration wheat varieties Yield 25
  11. 11. FIVE POINT PROGRAM- CAPACITY BUILDING ( FPP-CP) Interventions• Women farmers IN AGRICULTURE• Augment employability of skilled workers with service providers• Capacity building- TOT, PG students, Interns• Training of farmers-training camps, travel seminars• Entrepreneurships-Tools and machinery, seeds and inputs
  12. 12. What we need as a group?.Need farmers credibility, trained in demonstration , adult education skill• Requirement: awareness of what farmers need and its opportunities and conditions• Knowledge and skills embodied in the workforce including private sector and farmers ( including champion farmers) to improve efficiency• Win the confidence of farmers: operated through shared knowledge, expertise, skills. and motivation• Identification of priorities based on the consultations and workshops- develop consensus between different agencies• Participatory adaptation- linkage of research and extension• Practical and updated agronomic skills from seed to seed• Adult education skills and skills to work with social groups.• Mutual benefits
  13. 13. THANKS

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