ESCORTS R&D IN FARM MECHANISATION- ICAR CII MEETINGS 23 May 2011
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ESCORTS R&D IN FARM MECHANISATION- ICAR CII MEETINGS 23 May 2011

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  • Currently, India has bushy hybrids which grow up to 6 ft and have width of more than 4 ft. This kind of biomass will create problems for machine harvesting. Hence from machine harvesting perspective, we need to have compact hybrids which grow up to 3 ft and have width of only 2 ft.In addition to this, cotton harvester require precision planting in terms of straightness of rows. If the row to row distance is not uniform the picker row units will run over the plants and results in improper picking of cotton.Sugarcane – Sugarcane harvesters require minimum of 4 ft / 5ft. In addition to this, erect varieties are required which will avoid the issue of loss due to lodge cane and also that uniform de-topping can be achieved resulting in low trash content in the harvested cane.

ESCORTS R&D IN FARM MECHANISATION- ICAR CII MEETINGS 23 May 2011 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Research & Development needs
    In Farm Mechanization
    Escorts Ltd, India
    1
  • 2. 2
    • Indian Agriculture- Snap Shot
    • 3. Tractor Market Trend
    • 4. Farm Mechanization Potential and R&D interventions required
  • 3
    “Indian Agriculture”
    Snap Shot and Potential
  • 5. Indian Agriculture Strengths
    • Highest Arable Land - 47% of total land against Avg. 11 % in the world
    • 6. Round the Year Cultivation - 20 Agro-climatic regions and 46 Soil types suited for round the year cultivation
    • 7. Ranks first in production of Pulses, Tea, Jute and allied fibers
    • 8. Second largest producer of Wheat, Rice, Groundnut, Fruits and Vegetables, Sugarcane & Third largest producer of Mustard, Potatoes, Cotton lint, etc.
    102.8 Million Cultivators, over 7.5% own > 4 ha. Avg farm land size <2 ha,
    4
    Average Land Holding and Number of Farmers
    Bottom of Pyramid Country; Affordability, Equipment size are key to success. Emerging Cooperative Ownership model / custom hiring use high end equipment
  • 9. The Agricultural Equipment market is driven by several factors
    5
    GOVT. INVESTING 300 Mil $ PER DAY IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT INCLUDING FINANCING
  • 10. UK
    France
    West
    Germany
    Pakistan
    Korea
    Italy
    India
    Poland
    USA
    Turkey
    Brazil
    Russia
    Potential Exists in Improving Farm Power per Hectare
    Even at this level India is the largest producer of tractors in the World
    Source : World Bank
  • 11. Impact of mechanization on productivity
    Source: Indiaagristat.com
    Direct correlation of higher productivity with higher Mechanization level
    7
  • 12. Crop Scenario
    5143.4
    2318.1
    6590.1
    2988.6
    2976.7
    2840.8
    4365.0
    9000
    2040.1
    1603.3
    India very low on
    Productivity
    Opportunity for adoption of Technology
    * Figures represents Yield of major crops during 2009
    ** Yield is defined as kg/ha
    Source: FAOSTAT
  • 13. 9
    “Tractor Market”
    Overview
  • 14. Indian Tractor Industry Trend
    Largest Tractor Market in World, Set to cross 500,000 tractors a year mark,
    10
  • 15. 11
    Horse Power Segment Trend
    Huge opportunity at entry level, virgin sub 15 HP segment replacing bullock
    Shift towards higher HP is evident due to increased tractor usage
  • 16. 12
    “Farm Mechanization Opportunities”
  • 17. Indian Agriculture : key vectors and critical success factor
    Increase in Production
    Objective
    Key Vectors
    Enhancing Cropping intensity
    Productivity increase [Yield/ha]
    • Shorten crop cycle – short duration varieties
    • 18. Efficient water management
    • 19. Timeliness
    • 20. Efficient input use & placement
    • 21. Crop cycle management
    • 22. Reduce losses
    leads to
    Critical Success Factor
    Efficient & mechanised operations
    13
  • 23. Gaps in Farm Mechanisation - Mechanisation levels
    Tractor
    Usage
    Crops
    All Crops
    Inter Cultivation
    Tillage& seedbed Preparation
    Sowing/ Planting
    Fertiliser Application
    Irrigation
    Harvesting
    Post Harvesting
    Crop
    Cycle
    Plant Protection
    Level
    Mech Level
    High
    Low
  • 24. Gaps in Farm Mechanisation - Mechanisation levels
    Tractor
    Usage
    Crops
    All Crops
    Inter Cultivation
    Tillage& seedbed Preparation
    Sowing/ Planting
    Fertiliser Application
    Irrigation
    Harvesting
    Post Harvesting
    Crop
    Cycle
    Plant Protection
    Level
    Mech.
    Gaps
    • Levelling
    • 25. Land reclamation
    • 26. Sub soiling
    • 27. Raised beds
    Mech Level
    High
    Low
  • 28. Gaps in Farm Mechanisation - Mechanisation levels
    Tractor
    Usage
    Grains
    Horticulture
    Cash Crops
    Crops
    Inter Cultivation
    Tillage& Seedbed Preparation
    Sowing/ Planting
    Fertiliser Application
    Irrigation
    Harvesting
    Post Harvesting
    Crop
    Cycle
    Plant Protection
    Level
    • Transplanting
    • 29. Rice
    • 30. Horticulture
    • 31. Planting
    • 32. Sugarcane
    • 33. Potato & Root Crops
    • 34. Plastic Mulch & planter
    Mech.
    Gaps
    Mech Level
    High
    Low
  • 35. Gaps in Farm Mechanisation - Mechanisation levels
    Tractor
    Usage
    All Crops
    Crops
    Inter Cultivation
    Tillage& Seedbed Preparation
    Sowing/ Planting
    Fertiliser Application
    Irrigation
    Harvesting
    Post Harvesting
    Crop
    Cycle
    Plant Protection
    Level
    Mech.
    Gaps
    • Spreaders
    • 36. Manure
    • 37. Fertilizer
    Mech Level
    High
    Low
  • 38. Gaps in Farm Mechanisation - Mechanisation levels
    Tractor
    Usage
    All Crops
    Crops
    Inter Cultivation
    Tillage& Seedbed Preparation
    Sowing/ Planting
    Fertiliser Application
    Irrigation
    Harvesting
    Post Harvesting
    Crop
    Cycle
    Plant Protection
    Level
    Mech.
    Gaps
    • Conservative farming
    • 39. Sub surface Irrigation
    • 40. Sprinkler
    Mech Level
    High
    Low
  • 41. Gaps in Farm Mechanisation - Mechanisation levels
    Tractor
    Usage
    All Crops
    Crops
    Inter Cultivation
    Tillage& Seedbed Preparation
    Sowing/ Planting
    Fertiliser Application
    Irrigation
    Harvesting
    Post Harvesting
    Crop
    Cycle
    Plant Protection
    Level
    Mech.
    Gaps
    • Sprayers
    • 42. Dusters
    Mech Level
    High
    Low
  • 43. Gaps in Farm Mechanisation - Mechanisation levels
    Tractor
    Usage
    Row Crops
    Horticulture
    Crops
    Inter Cultivation
    Tillage& Seedbed Preparation
    Sowing/ Planting
    Fertiliser Application
    Irrigation
    Harvesting
    Post Harvesting
    Crop
    Cycle
    Plant Protection
    Level
    Mech.
    Gaps
    • Tiller
    • 44. Weeder
    • 45. Ridger
    Mech Level
    High
    Low
  • 46. Gaps in Farm Mechanisation - Mechanisation levels
    Tractor
    Usage
    Crops except
    Cereals
    Crops
    Inter Cultivation
    Tillage& Seedbed Preparation
    Sowing/ Planting
    Fertiliser Application
    Irrigation
    Harvesting
    Post Harvesting
    Crop
    Cycle
    Plant Protection
    Level
    Mech.
    Gaps
    • Digger
    • 47. Harvester
    • 48. Pickers
    • 49. Balers
    • 50. Reapers
    Mech Level
    High
    Low
  • 51. Gaps in Farm Mechanisation - Mechanisation levels
    Tractor
    Usage
    All Crops
    Crops
    Inter Cultivation
    Tillage& Seedbed Preparation
    Sowing/ Planting
    Fertiliser Application
    Irrigation
    Harvesting
    Post Harvesting
    Crop
    Cycle
    Plant Protection
    Level
    Mech.
    Gaps
    • Grader
    • 52. Dehusker
    • 53. Cleaner
    • 54. Dryer
    Mech Level
    High
    Low
  • 55. Customer Needs Across Ag Value Chain
    Grains
    Cotton
    Horticulture
    Sugarcane
    Potato
    Maize
    Straw/stalks
    Forage
    Crop Care
    Rice
    Horticulture
    Sugarcane
    Potato
    Maize , cereals
    All Crops
    All Crops
    Inter Cultivation
    Tillage& Seedbed Preparation
    Sowing/ Planting
    Fertiliser Application
    Irrigation
    Harvesting
    Post Harvesting
    Crop
    Cycle
    Plant Protection
    All Crops
    All Crops
    Storage
    Trash Management
    Mechanisation
    High
    Low
    Harvesting, Crop Care and Seeding are top priority for the farmer
  • 56. Changes required in Ag Practices (1/2)
    Cotton
    Vegetables
    Bushy Hybrids
    Compact hybrids with
    precision planting
    Sugarcane
    • 4 /5 ft row spacing
    • 57. Erect varieties
    Optimal spacing for machine entry
  • 58. Changes required in Ag Practices (2/2)
    Provision for Head land
  • 59. Area of Collaboration
    26
    Individually Govt. and Private sector is doing their bit
    Need to develop synergy for effective resource utilization and implementation
    Educate farmers about correct farm machinery and practices
  • 60. Sum Up
    The face of Indian Agriculture has changed in the past 5-10 years.
    Mechanized solutions are fast replacing the traditional labourintensive solutions.
    Tractor usage and demand is growing steadily. Tractor driven and self propelled farm equipment are needed at every stage in crop cycle
    Robust R & D input require for adaptation/developing appropriate implements/farm machinery – Research institutes may offer design and testing facilities/undertake specific projects.
    Need to build synergy between Govt. institutes and Private sector for effective utilization of resources.
    Govt. Institute can propagate new farm practices for adopting new technology
    Create a window for sharing information
    27
  • 61. Thank You!
    Jai Kisan
    28
    • Website : www.escortsagri.com & www.escortsgroup.com