CENTER FOR STRATEGIC &    Human Rights &
               INTERNATIONAL STUDIES     Security Initiative




Violence in the ...
defining
                      Deaths from Violent Incidents in the North Caucasus and Lebanon                            ...
Violent Incidents in the North Caucasus
                                             January 2004 – August 2008
          ...
January 2004 – August 2008
100

 90                        Violent Incidents in the North Caucasus by
 80
                ...
Violent Incidents in the North Caucasus
                                      January 2004 – August 2008
               10...
Number of Incidents

       Ja




                  0
                      5
                          10
              ...
BY rePuBlic
                                                                  Violent incidents




                      ...
BY rePuBlic
                                                                 Violent incidents




                       ...
BY rePuBlic
                                                                 Violent incidents




                       ...
BY rePuBlic
                                                                  Violent incidents




                      ...
BY rePuBlic
                                                                      Violent incidents




                  ...
Deaths from Violent Incidents in the North Caucasus
                                                             Summer 20...
sources:


  •   Ria Novosti (http://en.rian.ru/)
  •   Caucasian Knot (http://kavkaz-uzel.ru/)
  •   ITAR-TASS (http://ww...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Violence in the North Caucasus

513 views
474 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
513
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Violence in the North Caucasus

  1. 1. CENTER FOR STRATEGIC & Human Rights & INTERNATIONAL STUDIES Security Initiative Violence in the north caucasus trends since 2004 since January 2004, csis staff have been compiling, almost daily, a database that tracks violent incidents occurring in the North Caucasus. The following figures draw on this database, through august 31, 2008. Due to the nature of these incidents and the difficulty in finding trusted reporting, we are not in a position to verify all of them. We will, however, continue to update our database as information is made available to us.
  2. 2. defining Deaths from Violent Incidents in the North Caucasus and Lebanon “Violent incidents”: Summer 2008 Violent incidents include 30 abductions of military 25 personnel and civilians, bombings, assassinations 20 north of key civilian and military caucasus leaders, rebel attacks, Deaths 15 police/military operations lebanon against suspected militants, 10 destruction of property by 5 militants, and the discovery of weapons. 0 5/12- 5/19- 5/26- 6/2- 6/9- 6/16- 6/23- 6/30- 7/7- 7/14- 7/21- 7/28- 8/04- 8/11- 8/18- 8/25- 5/18 5/25 6/01 6/8 6/15 6/22 6/29 7/6 7/13 7/20 7/27 8/03 8/10 8/17 8/24 8/31 Date csis staff have been following events in the north caucasus for years, but the region’s escalating violence has received little international media attention. this graph contextualizes the death toll in the north caucasus this summer through a comparison to lebanon.
  3. 3. Violent Incidents in the North Caucasus January 2004 – August 2008 Violent Incidents in the North Caucasus 100 Summer 2008 90 80 30 27 70 24 Incidents 60 21 inci Incidents 50 18 15 40 inci Kav 12 30 9 20 6 10 3 0 0 5/05- 5/12- 5/19- 5/26- 6/2- 6/9- 6/16- 6/23- 6/30- 7/7- 7/14- 7/21- 7/28- 8/04- 8/11- 8/18- 8/25- 4 5 6 7 8 4 5 6 7 08 4 5 6 7 04 05 06 07 08 l-0 l-0 l-0 l-0 l-0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 n- 5/11 5/18 5/25 6/01 6/8 6/15 6/22 6/29 7/6 7/13 7/20 7/27 8/03 8/10 8/17 8/24 8/31 r- r- r- r- r- n n n n ct ct ct ct Ju Ju Ju Ju Ju ap ap ap ap ap Ja Ja Ja Ja Ja o o o o Week Date “North Caucasus” Republics: the database tracks incidents in nine republics in russia including chechnya, ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, north ossetia, dagestan, adygeya, stavropol, Krasnodar, and rostov.
  4. 4. January 2004 – August 2008 100 90 Violent Incidents in the North Caucasus by 80 Republic Summer 2008 70 ingushetia 14 60 12 incidents dagestan 50 10 Incidents 40 8 incident inc. chechnya Kavkaz 30 6 north ossetia 20 4 10 2 Kabardino- 0 Balkaria 0 8 ap -7/6 1 ap 25 52 l- 20 8/Ja 3 7 l-031 Ju -6/ -0 1 -0/2 0 ap 8/1 0 4 6/ l-05 7/ 06 7 8 4 50/5 6 - 7 8 5/J 4 0/6 7 4 6/ -05 14 6 25 7 8 5/ l-0 l-0 ct 5/ Ju-7/ / 0 30-0 11n-0 0 -0 0 7/ r-0 8/ r-0 0 ct-6 t--8 Ju-8 n- 9-- n- 2 r- r- o5- 1an 6/ n ct Ju Ju r o6 o8 2c ap ap Ja Ja Ja o 1 Date Dates as this graph demonstrates, the north caucasus is an extremely varied region. While north ossetia and Kabardino-Balkaria remained relatively calm this summer, chechnya and ingushetia experienced spikes in violence.
  5. 5. Violent Incidents in the North Caucasus January 2004 – August 2008 100 90 80 70 Incidents 60 incidents 50 40 incident inc. Kavkaz-uzel 30 20 10 0 08 4 5 6 7 au 8 4 05 06 07 08 4 5 6 7 04 05 06 07 08 l-0 l-0 l-0 l-0 l-0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 g- n- n- n- n- r- r- r- r- r- n ct ct ct ct Ju Ju Ju Ju Ju ap ap ap ap ap Ja Ja Ja Ja Ja o o o o Date the majority of incidents in our database were reported by mainstream news media. however, we have found that these sources are less thorough in their coverage of regional violence, particularly in comparison to Kavkaz-uzel.ru (caucasian Knot). csis staff have consulted numerous independent experts, all of whom separately agreed on the importance and reliability of Kavkaz-uzel’s reporting. in turn, we have included in our data those incidents reported only in Kavkaz-uzel, but because we increased our usage of this source beginning in May 2008 we present our findings both including and excluding events reported by this source in the figure above.
  6. 6. Number of Incidents Ja 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 n- 0 35 ap 4 r-0 4 Ju l-0 o 4 ct -0 Ja 4 n- 0 ap 5 r-0 5 Ju l-0 o 5 ct -0 Ja 5 n- 0 ap 6 r-0 6 Ju Date l-0 o 6 ct -0 Ja 6 n- 0 ap 7 r-0 7 Ju l-0 o 7 January 2004 – August 2008 ct -0 Ja 7 n- 0 ap 8 r-0 8 Ju Violent Incidents in the North Caucasus by Republic l-0 au 8 g- 08 dagestan ingushetia chechnya north ossetia Kabardino-Balkaria
  7. 7. BY rePuBlic Violent incidents Incidents Ja 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 n- 04 ap r-0 4 Ju l-0 4 o ct -0 4 Ja n- 05 ap r-0 5 Ju l-0 5 o ct -0 5 Ja n- 06 ap r-0 6 Ju Date l-0 6 o ct -0 6 January 2004 – August 2008 Ja Violent Incidents in Ingushetia n- 07 ap r-0 7 Ju l-0 7 o ct -0 7 Ja n- 08 ap r-0 8 Ju l-0 au 8 g- 08
  8. 8. BY rePuBlic Violent incidents Incidents Ja 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 n- 04 ap r-0 4 Ju l-0 4 o ct -0 4 Ja n- 05 ap r-0 5 Ju l-0 5 o ct -0 5 Ja n- 06 ap r-0 6 Ju Date l-0 6 o ct -0 6 January 2004 – August 2008 Ja Violent Incidents in Chechnya n- 07 ap r-0 7 Ju l-0 7 o ct -0 7 Ja n- 08 ap r-0 8 Ju l-0 au 8 g- 08
  9. 9. BY rePuBlic Violent incidents Incidents Ja 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 n- 04 ap r-0 4 Ju l-0 4 o ct -0 4 Ja n- 05 ap r-0 5 Ju l-0 5 o ct -0 5 Ja n- 06 ap r-0 6 Ju Date l-0 6 o ct -0 6 January 2004 – August 2008 Violent Incidents in Dagestan Ja n- 07 ap r-0 7 Ju l-0 7 o ct -0 7 Ja n- 08 ap r-0 8 Ju l-0 au 8 g- 08
  10. 10. BY rePuBlic Violent incidents Incidents Ja 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 n- 04 ap r-0 4 Ju l-0 4 o ct -0 4 Ja n- 05 ap r-0 5 Ju l-0 5 o ct -0 5 Ja n- 06 ap r-0 6 Ju Date l-0 6 o ct -0 6 January 2004 – August 2008 Ja n- Violent Incidents in North Ossetia 07 ap r-0 7 Ju l-0 7 o ct -0 7 Ja n- 08 ap r-0 8 Ju l-0 au 8 g- 08
  11. 11. BY rePuBlic Violent incidents Incidents Ja 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 n- 04 ap r-0 4 Ju l -0 4 o ct -0 4 Ja n- 05 ap r-0 5 Ju l -0 5 o ct -0 5 Ja n- 06 ap r-0 6 Ju l Date -0 6 o ct -0 6 January 2004 – August 2008 Ja n- 07 Violent Incidents in Kabardino-Balkaria ap r-0 7 Ju l -0 7 o ct -0 7 Ja n- 08 ap r-0 8 Ju l -0 au 8 g- 08
  12. 12. Deaths from Violent Incidents in the North Caucasus Summer 2008 Deaths from Violent Incidents in the North Caucasus January 2004 – August 2008 30 350 25 300 250 20 Number killed Deaths 200 15 150 10 100 50 5 0 08 Ju 4 Ju 5 Ju 6 Ju 7 Ju 8 se 4 se 5 se 6 se 7 08 0 M e d 4 M 4 d 5 M 5 d 6 M 6 d 7 M 7 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 0 0 0 0 m 0 -0 0 -0 0 -0 0 -0 g- n- n- n- n- n- p- p- p- p- ar ar ar ar ar ti ec ec ec ec au 5/12- 5/19- 5/26- 6/2- 6/9- 6/16- 6/23- 6/30- 7/7- 7/14- 7/21- 7/28- 8/04- 8 5/18 5/25 6/01 6/8 6/15 Date 6/29 7/6 7/13 7/20 7/27 8/03 8/10 6/22 Date
  13. 13. sources: • Ria Novosti (http://en.rian.ru/) • Caucasian Knot (http://kavkaz-uzel.ru/) • ITAR-TASS (http://www.itar-tass.com/eng/) • Chechnya Weekly, The Jamestown Foundation (http://www.jamestown.org/chechnya_weekly/archives.php) • RFE/RL (http://www.rferl.org/) • The Moscow Times (http://www.themoscowtimes.com/index.htm) • The New York Times (http://www.nytimes.com) • Reuters (http://www.reuters.com) • USA Today (http://www.usatoday.com) • International Institute for Strategic Studies (http://www.iiss.org) For more information please contact: lucy Moore, lmoore@csis.org for recommendations on ways in which the international community can address issues facing the north caucasus see 49 Steps To Improve Human Rights and Security in the North Caucasus, a report of the csis human rights and security initiative and the robert Bosch stiftung: http://www.csis.org/index.php?option=com_csis_pubs&task=view&id=4045

×