The beginnings of reinforced concrete

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The beginnings of reinforced concrete

  1. 1. THE BEGINNINGS OF REINFORCED CONCRETE Maria BOSTENARU DAN
  2. 2. Overview  Language for reinforced concrete  Essays  Practice  Technical side  Hennebique system  Intervention and conservation
  3. 3. Language
  4. 4. Language for reinforced concrete  Review of Kenneth Frampton’s Tectonics with view to reinforced concrete  Essays  Torino  Henri van de Velde  Hungary  István Medgyaszay  Practice  Erich Mendelsohn - Einsteinturm  Béla Lajta – NépSzinház Street  Joze Plecnik – Holy Spirit Church
  5. 5. Kenneth Frampton‘s tectonics  Space / constructional-structural models  Kernform – Kunstform  Difference timber – masonry (tensile- compressive)  Age-old schism  Perret has reconciled (Choisy)  Ontological/representational – dressing (Semper), textile  Importance of the material  Heidegger
  6. 6. architect Otto Wagner Postsparkasse, Vienna (1904-06)
  7. 7. architect József Vágo Arkaden-bazár, Budapest (1909)
  8. 8. architect Auguste Perret Block of flats on Rue Franklin, Paris (1902-1904)
  9. 9. Architect Auguste Perret Photo M Bostenaru 2010 Theatre Champs Elysees
  10. 10. Architect Erich Mendelsohn Photo M Kauffmann 2002 Einstein Tower, Potsdam (1919-21)
  11. 11. architect Béla Lajta Block of flats on Népszinház utca (1911)
  12. 12. Medgyaszay
  13. 13. architect István Medgyaszay Photo: M. Bostenaru, 2006 Theatre, Veszprém (1908)
  14. 14. architect István Medgyaszay Photo: M. Bostenaru, 2011 Reinforced concrete perforated details at the Lacko Dezsö Museum, Veszprém (1912)
  15. 15. architect István Medgyaszay Photo: M. Bostenaru, 2011 Timber architecture details, church, Balatonalmádi (1931)
  16. 16. Projects by István Medgyaszay, details suitable for reinforced concrete [Der Architekt]
  17. 17. Projects by István Medgyaszay, details suitable for reinforced concrete [Der Architekt]
  18. 18. Projects by István Medgyaszay, details suitable for reinforced concrete [Der Architekt]
  19. 19. Ede Magyar Reok Palace, Szeged
  20. 20. Skeleton  From 3D shell to storey-wise  Massivbau
  21. 21. Architect Joze Plecnik Photo: M. Bostenaru, 2005 Holy Spirit church, Vienna (1910-13)
  22. 22. Technical side
  23. 23. Germany Iron concrete
  24. 24. Hennebique system  Italy (Porcheddu)  Germany (Züblin)  Britain (Mouchel)  Portugal (Moreira de Sá & Malevez )  Romania  Bucharest  Oradea  Hungary  Outside Europe  Cairo
  25. 25. Hennebique system in Italy  Porcheddu  Genova  Seismic behaviour
  26. 26. Hennebique system in Romania  Virginia Haret, the first woman architect  Athenee Palace, Bucharest  Moskovits-Miksa Palace, Oradea
  27. 27. Architect Virginia Haret Photo M. Bostenaru 2011 Block of flats on Frumoasa street (1922)
  28. 28. Architect Virginia Haret Block of flats on Frumoasa street (1922)
  29. 29. Virginia Haret Water tower, Bucharest (1927)
  30. 30. Industrial buildings  Riga, Latvia  Portugal  Italy
  31. 31. Before change Architect Daniel Renard (1910-12) Engineer George Constantinescu Athenee Palace, Bucharest
  32. 32. After change Athenee Palace, Bucharest
  33. 33. After change Athenee Palace, Bucharest
  34. 34. After change Athenee Palace, Bucharest
  35. 35. Kálmán Rimanoczy junior Moskovits-Miksa Palace, Oradea (1904-05)
  36. 36. Hennebique system in Hungary  Béla Lajta archive  Népszinház street (previous)  Rózsavölgyi  Should have RC lower floors and brick upper floors
  37. 37. Photo M. Bostenaru Internet archive for plans: http://www.lajtaarchiv.hu/ Rozsavolgyi house, Budapest (1911-12) and Loos house, Vienna (1910-11)
  38. 38. Hennebique system outside Europe  Baron Palace, Cairo  Study of the University of Vienna (Vittoria Capresi)  Precast tiles imported from Belgium
  39. 39. Architect Alexandre Marcel Wikimedia commons Baron Palace, Cairo (1905)
  40. 40. Intervention and conservation  Studies on material characteristics  Genova: Stefano Podestà  Minho: Paulo Lourenco  Functional conversion  Seismic performance
  41. 41. Wikimedia commons (William Domenichini 2005) Via XX Settembre, Genova
  42. 42. Photo: M Bostenaru, 2012 Via XX Settembre Genova
  43. 43. Wikipedia CC licence Grand Hotel Miramare, Genova (1906-1908)
  44. 44. Photo: M. Bostenaru 2012 Grand Hotel Miramare
  45. 45. Wikipedia CC licence Grand Hotel Miramare, Genova (1906-1908)
  46. 46. Wikimedia commons (Jensens, 2008) Silos di Genova (1900)
  47. 47. Photo M. Bostenaru 2012 Silo Genova
  48. 48. Wikimedia commons, Twice25 e Rinina25 2006 Mercato orientale, Genova
  49. 49. Photo M Bostenaru 2012 Mercato orientale, Genova
  50. 50. Photo M Bostenaru 2012 Mercato orientale, Genova
  51. 51. Photo: M. Bostenaru, 2012 Palazzo della Nuova Borsa, Genova (1912)
  52. 52. Photo: M. Bostenaru, 2012 Biblioteca universitaria (former Hotel Colombia), Genova (1921-26)
  53. 53. Wikimedia commons FIAT Lingotto, Torino (1916-23)
  54. 54. Wikimedia commons Traveller100 (2008) Conversion by Renzo Piano FIAT Lingotto, Torino
  55. 55. Interwar reinforced concrete skeleton
  56. 56. Conclusions  There is little research in early reinforced concrete  Need for criteria which structures have to be preserved due to their structure  Multidisciplinary approach between philosophy, architecture and technical sciences  Reinforced concrete called for ist own language  It solved the contradiction between timber and the heavy compression materials
  57. 57. Thank you!

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