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EGU 2009, Vienna, Austria

EGU 2009, Vienna, Austria

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Presentation 6961 Presentation 6961 Presentation Transcript

  • Architectural layout and vulnerability to earthquakes of housing buildings of the Modernism Maria BOSTENARU DAN ERGOROM ’99 “ Ion Mincu” University of Architecture and Urban Planning
  • Overview
    • Seismic risk
    • Scope of the Marie Curie ERG
    • Differences / common characteristics
    • Romanian, Greek, Italian Modernism
    • Zoning illustrations
    • Modern – vernacular
    • Conclusions
  • Seismic risk
    • Bucharest
    • Earthquakes 1940, 1977
    • 1977 interwar buildings proved most vulnerable
  • Scope of the Marie Curie ERG
    • Marie Curie European Reintegration Grant
    • 2007-2010
    • Zoning in blocks of flats
    • Bucharest, Romania
    • Athens, Greece
    • Milan, Italy
    • (Budapest, Hungary)
  • Differences
    • Earthquakes
    • Bucharest 1940, 1977
    • Athens 1999
    • Milan never
    • Budapest never
  • Common characteristics
    • Historic Reinforced Concrete
    • Luxury dwellings, unlike in Western Europe (social housing)
    • No seismic codes
    • Zoning – the way of living led to an architectural shape which rendered vulnerable
    • CA’REDIVIVUS (prior project)
  • Romanian Modernism
    • Irregular shape in plan and section
    • 4 EWICS
    • Lack of seismic culture
    • Vrancea earthquakes did not affect traditional low rise housing buildings
    • Typology from France
    • Calculation tables from Germany
  • Romania
    • Earthquakes affected slender buildings like churches
    • Local seismic culture developed there
    • Modernist buildings in the city centre from retracing of streets < irregular parcels
  • Romanian block of flats
  • Romanian block of flats
  • Romanian block of flats
  • Romanian block of flats
  • Zoning in a Romanian block of flats
  • Zoning in a Romanian block of flats
  • Greek Modernism Milanese Novecento
    • More regular shape < parcels
    • Regular distribution of columns and beams
    • Athens: peripheral, near train station
    • Milan: spread over the whole city
    • Italy – local seismic culture in vernacular housing
  • Greek block of flats
  • Zoning in a Greek block of flats
  • Italian block of flats
  • Italian block of flats http://photo.net/photodb/presentation?presentation_id=348690
  • Zoning in an Italian block of flats
  • Modernism - vernacular
    • Modernism negated historic links
    • Similarities independent from location (universal style)
    • Change from single family to multi family housing
    • Study on vernacular and modernist in Germany http://www.world-housing.net
    • Traditional is modern
  • Metal building of the Modern Movement - Germany
  • Vernacular Fachwerk building in Germany
  • Vernacular Fachwerk building in Germany
  • Conclusions
    • In Romania buildings are most vulnerable due to high irregularity
    • The irregularity resulted from the architectural adaptation to the form of the parcels given the urban interventions following the CIAM
  • Thank you!