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Canadian Centre for Architecture Support Grant presentation 2010

Canadian Centre for Architecture Support Grant presentation 2010

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    CCA Presentation CCA Presentation Presentation Transcript

    • DESTRUCTION: THE IMPACT OF CATASTROPHIC EVENTS ON ARCHITECTURE: BETWEEN KEEPING THE MEMORY AND PROJECT OCCASION cercet. drd. arh. Maria BOSTENARU DAN
    • RUINS OF THE MOMENT Constanze Baum
    • Carmo Convent The only ruins maintained today
    • COPYRIGHT Ruins Lisbon 1755 imediately after Cathedral Santa Maria, engraving, Jan Kozak collection
    • The new Baixa neighbourhood built after 1755
    • Casa pombalina Earthquake resistant structure imposed after the 1755 earthquake through urban regulation, in renovation today
    • FIRE – THE MOMENT OF THE CATASTROPHE OR BEFORE AND AFTER? OR THE MOMUMENT?
    • COPYRIGHT Fire Architecture faculty of the Delft University, the Netherlands, 2008
    • COPYRIGHT Fire Manege Militaire, Quebec, 2008, before fire
    • Fire Manege Militaire, Quebec, 2008, after fire
    • COPYRIGHT Fire Mayor Banu Manta 2009
    • Fire Mayor Banu Manta 2009
    • COPYRIGHT Urban fire London, 1666 Reconstruction in the old pattern After the fire Christopher Wren built the Sf. Paul cathedral and the monument
    • COPYRIGHT Urban fire Sf. Paul, London, Canaletto image, 1754
    • RUINS DEMOLITION AND REBUILD
    • COPYRIGHT Gedächtniskirche Berlin 1900
    • COPYRIGHT Gedächtniskirche Berlin 1954
    • COPYRIGHT Gedächtniskirche Berlin 2007
    • UAR headquaters
    • COPYRIGHT Casa Paucescu, 2000
    • UAR headquaters
    • COPYRIGHT Casa Paucescu, 2000
    • UAR headquaters
    • COPYRIGHT National Theatre Calea Victoriei Nicolae Ionescu Teatrul Naţional
    • Hotel Novotel
    • CCA
    • CCA garden
    • Henrietta Delavrancea-Gibory demolition
    • Henrietta Delavrancea-Gibory demolition
    • Henrietta Delavrancea-Gibory demolition
    • Henrietta Delavrancea-Gibory
    • Henrietta Delavrancea-Gibory
    • Club A block, in place of hanul Ion Românul
    • Club A block, in place of hanul Ion Românul
    • COPYRIGHT Club A block, in place of hanul Ion Românul
    • COPYRIGHT Club A block, in place of hanul Ion Românul
    • Black Church Braşov Reconstruction after the fire 1689 Gothic, then baroque
    • REPHOTOGRAPHING BEFORE AND AFTER
    • COPYRIGHT
    • Bibliografy  Tickle your catastrophe!  http://www.catastrophe.ugent.be/  Ruin value  Catastrophy, artistic presentation
    • Ruins as memory  Modernity, 18th century, Piranesi  The ruins of antiquity  18th century, Lisbon earthquake 1755  Ruins of the moment (Constanze Baum)  Created within a short time by the earthquake  Deleted in short time through reconstruction  The ruin in the urban landscape  San Francisco 1908: urban images (technique)
    • COPYRIGHT Ruins of antiquity Piranesi (1720-1778), Vedute (Forum Nerva)
    • CATASTROPHE/ DESTRUCTION PHOTOGRAPHY AT THE CCA
    •  Archive photography  Documentary photography  Rephotographing  19th century
    • 19th century photography of catastrophes  The scope of photography  Notdocumentation  Souvernir (made for sale)  Popular format: stereo  Photographing in series  Known photographers
    •  Earthquake  Flood  Fire  Volcano (Pompei) – Giorgio Sommer  Paris Commune  Alfred Capel-Cure (ruins and vegetation): blasted oaks
    • Paris Commune  The first man-made ruins which evoked the same poetics as those of Antiquity  fire
    • Earthquake  San Francisco, USA  Norcia, Italy  Antigua
    • Earthquake  Arnold Genthe  Robert Macpherson  Eadweard Muybridge  R.J. Waters & Co  James Stoddard  Willard Worden
    • Flood  Norwich 1878, England  Latchford 1890, England  Waburton 1891  Johnstown 1889  Avignon, France  Montreal, Canada  Conemaugh, USA  Brisbane, Australia
    • Flood  Edouard Baldus  G. Herbert Bayley  Alexander Henderson  Charles Rudd
    • Fire  Boston 1860, USA  St. Claude, France  Paris (Commune), France  Philadelphia, USA  Louisiana, USA  Notre Dame de Montreal, Canada  Chicago, USA  Quebec, Canada  Illinois, USA  Portland (Maine), USA
    • Fire  J. Andrieu  Edouard Baldus  George N. Barnard  James Wallace Black  Robert Burley  Alfred Capel-Cure  Franck  Frederick Gutekunst  Brian Merrett  A. Richebourg  C. Seaver Jr.  John P. Soule  William Notman & Son
    • Volcano  Giorgio Sommer photographer also the volcano (not in the collection)
    • Paris Commune  Gustave Le Gray  J. Andrieu  Bruno Braquehais  Albert Fernique  Franck  C. Jung  A. Richebourg  Charles Soulier
    • 20TH CENTURY HERITAGE REAL OR DIGITAL CONSERVATION/ DOCUMENTATION INTERVENTION
    • Multifamily housing from the 1930 Romania Greece Italy
    • Buildings on urban parcours Bucharest – Marcel Janco Como – Rationalism Ljubljana – Joze Plecnik
    • Retrofited interwar buildings Neapel – Mostra d Oltremare Athens – Army Pension Fund Building
    • THE USE OF DAMAGE PHOTOS 20TH CENTURY
    •  August Sander  Köln 1945  Warning how politics can destroy the beauty of cities
    • THE USE OF (EARTHQUAKE) DAMAGE PHOTOS TODAY
    • COPYRIGHT Karl Steinbrugge collection photos Earthquake damage Romania 1977
    • Karl Steinbrugge collection photos Shear damage Earthquake in Romania 1977
    • COPYRIGHT SFB461 C7 Karlsruhe Michael Markus
    •  Haiti desktop reconnaisance  Randolph Langenbach  extracts
    • THE ARCHITECTURE OF MEMORY
    • The covered/rediscovered space
    • Presentation in the artistic project
    • Covered with sand
    • Sand Scenography installation
    • Sand Scenography installation
    • Rediscovered space hear
    • Rediscovered space see
    • Rediscovered space see
    • Rediscovered space see
    • Rediscovered space taste
    • Rediscovered space smell
    • Rediscovered space
    • Rediscovered space
    • Rediscovered space
    • Rediscovered space
    • Covered with vegetation
    • COPYRIGHT Caspar David Friedrich Westfacade of the Eldena ruin
    • Vegetation Faial, Azore, church collapsed in the 1998 earthquake, photo 2008
    • Vegetation Project Paradise garden, going out of „Thorn rose“ (Grimm)
    • Doors through the key of primordial elements „Paradise garden“ project
    • Connections  Mythology and elements  Landscape project, “the door” to enter the rediscovered space through the key of elements  The idea of entry door: shadow, projection, reflection  Project “Water museum” – dual character
    • Landscape project using the elements key
    • Vegetation The labyrinth, initiation garden in Renaissance gardens (Schönbrunn, Viena, Austria)
    • Covered with water
    • AQUA MEGA Diploma project „Water museum“
    • COPYRIGHT Water Stalker (Tarkovsky, 1979)
    • COPYRIGHT Water Stalker (Tarkovsky, 1979)
    • Covered with other buildings
    • Covering by new construction Quebec city
    • Covering by new construction Quebec city
    • Covering by new construction Quebec city
    • Uncovering by new construction Lipscani, Bucharest
    • Keeping the memory in intervention projects
    • Intervention projects  Building retrofit  Change of function, material, shape  Social change  Charter and Declaration of Amsterdam (1975)  Integrated conservation (interdisciplinary between architecture and urbanism)  Bibliografie http://www.icomos.org/docs/amsterdam.html
    • Intervention projects  3 examples  Gibellina (film Jörg Burger, 2007, Austria)  San Giuliano di Puglia after the Molise earthquake, 2002  Literature Randolph Langenbach, Alberto Dusi: On the Cross of Sant'Andrea: The Response to the Tragedy of San Giuliano di Puglia Following the 2002 Molise, Italy, Earthquake, Earthquake Spectra Volume 20, Issue S1, 2004, p. S341-S358 http://www.conservationtech.com  C.A.S.E. L„Aquila  Project leader Gian Michele Calvi, Pavia, Italia
    • COPYRIGHT Gibellina Modern town, touristic museum, like Rouen, ville nouvelle, in which the citizens have not adapted
    • COPYRIGHT San Giuliano di Puglia
    • COPYRIGHT Seismic concept C.A.S.E. L Aquila
    • COPYRIGHT Urban layout l„Aquila
    • l„Aquila one year after
    • l„Aquila one year after
    • l„Aquila one year after
    • l„Aquila one year after
    • l„Aquila one year after
    • l„Aquila one year after
    • C.A.S.E. l„Aquila
    • C.A.S.E. l„Aquila
    • C.A.S.E. l„Aquila
    • C.A.S.E. l„Aquila
    • C.A.S.E. l„Aquila
    • C.A.S.E. l„Aquila
    • Architecture and urbanism
    • COPYRIGHT UIA and l„Aquila
    • UIA and l„aquila
    • UIA and l„Aquila
    • IUAV and l„Aquila
    • Literature  movimenti moderni: terremoti e architettura 1883-2004 Eventi sismici e occasioni di progetto, da Messina a San Giuliano di Puglia di Michele Bonino e Chiara Calderini PARAMETRO numero 251 Anno XXXIV Maggio/Giugno 2004  Interview Gian Michele Calvi  New antiseismic housing L„Aquila, 2009
    • THANK YOU!