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GIS Activities at CIMMYT


                       Juan Arista
 CSI Meeting, ILRI Campus, Nairobi, March 31 – April 4th 2009
Outline
● Wheat Stem Rust Monitoring
● DTMA
● Wheat Atlas
● Wheat Blast - an emerging new threat?
Wheat Stem Rust Monitoring
● Development of standardized
  field protocols + geo-referenced
  data collection
● Centralize...
Capacity Building
                                                                    Accumulated Surveys in Database


  ...
On-line Information Tools



      ● RustMapper (Google Earth/web-browser)
      ● Near real-time: sites, winds, wheat,
  ...
Ug99 Pathway



               ● Known movements are following winds
               ● Yemen – most likely source for Iran
...
DTMA
● All Socio-econ data geo-referenced, compiled
  and summarized
● Drought frequencies – By maturity groups and
  grow...
DTMA – New Tools
● Customized visualization tool based on Google
  Maps / Google docs developed
● Google Earth version (br...
www.cimmyt.org/gis/DTMA_Google/DTMA_Maps2D.html

                     Where the Economists are working
DTMA – Trial Sites Tool
● Site checking / editing tool
● Interactive tool – real-time links into MySQL data
  base
● Corre...
Wheat Atlas
● An integrated web-based compendium of useful
  geographically-based wheat information
● Countries in phase 1...
Wheat Atlas
Wheat Blast – An emerging threat
● Wheat blast caused by Magnaporthe grisea
● First report Paraná, Brazil in 1985
● Now fo...
Potential in Other Regions
● Climate similarity

   • Maximum Temperature
   • Minimal Temperature
   • Rainfall
Key Areas
● Ethiopia
● South Asia
● North America

● Need to keep a close watch on this disease
● THANKS
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[Day 2] Center Presentation: CIMMYT

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Presented by Juan Arista (CIMMYT) at the
CGIAR-CSI Annual Meeting 2009: Mapping Our Future. March 31 - April 4, 2009, ILRI Campus, Nairobi, Kenya

Published in: Technology, Education
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Transcript of "[Day 2] Center Presentation: CIMMYT"

  1. 1. GIS Activities at CIMMYT Juan Arista CSI Meeting, ILRI Campus, Nairobi, March 31 – April 4th 2009
  2. 2. Outline ● Wheat Stem Rust Monitoring ● DTMA ● Wheat Atlas ● Wheat Blast - an emerging new threat?
  3. 3. Wheat Stem Rust Monitoring ● Development of standardized field protocols + geo-referenced data collection ● Centralized data base ● Improved web-based information tools
  4. 4. Capacity Building Accumulated Surveys in Database 1200 1000 800 No. Surveys 600 400 200 0 November June October December October December September September August May May 2007 2007 2007 2007 2007 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 ● 3 Regional training workshops ● 100 GPS units distributed (29 countries) ● Standardized protocols ●Photo: Rapidly(ICARDA) → A. Yahyaoui increasing flow of field data (KARI, EIAR,June 2008 Uzbekistan, AREA)
  5. 5. On-line Information Tools ● RustMapper (Google Earth/web-browser) ● Near real-time: sites, winds, wheat, susceptibility ● http://www.cimmyt.org/gis/rustmapper/ ● http://www.cimmyt.org/gis/rustmapper/Ru stMapper_Web.html
  6. 6. Ug99 Pathway ● Known movements are following winds ● Yemen – most likely source for Iran ● Highly likely that Ug99 went undetected in southern Iran or southern Iraq? ● High potential for multi-directional dispersal from Iran ● New variants likely to follow a similar route?
  7. 7. DTMA ● All Socio-econ data geo-referenced, compiled and summarized ● Drought frequencies – By maturity groups and growth stage, frequencies for last 7 years ● Improved seed demand models in development
  8. 8. DTMA – New Tools ● Customized visualization tool based on Google Maps / Google docs developed ● Google Earth version (browser) – coming soon www.cimmyt.org/gis/DTMA_Google/DTMA_Maps2D.html
  9. 9. www.cimmyt.org/gis/DTMA_Google/DTMA_Maps2D.html Where the Economists are working
  10. 10. DTMA – Trial Sites Tool ● Site checking / editing tool ● Interactive tool – real-time links into MySQL data base ● Correct site locations – extract data for GxE
  11. 11. Wheat Atlas ● An integrated web-based compendium of useful geographically-based wheat information ● Countries in phase 1: Algeria; Egypt; Ethiopia; Morocco; Sudan; Tunisia; Turkey ● Draws information from CIMMYT international trial site dbase, FAOSTAT .. ● Interactive charts, maps, tables – region / country / site level
  12. 12. Wheat Atlas
  13. 13. Wheat Blast – An emerging threat ● Wheat blast caused by Magnaporthe grisea ● First report Paraná, Brazil in 1985 ● Now found in Brazil, Paraguay and Bolivia ● Severe yield losses (90-100%) ● NO KNOWN SOURCES of RESISTANCE ● Lack of epidemiological knowledge ● Seed-borne (others?) ● Where might be at risk?
  14. 14. Potential in Other Regions ● Climate similarity • Maximum Temperature • Minimal Temperature • Rainfall
  15. 15. Key Areas ● Ethiopia ● South Asia ● North America ● Need to keep a close watch on this disease
  16. 16. ● THANKS
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