20080717 end conference recommendations_falou samb


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20080717 end conference recommendations_falou samb

  1. 1. RECOMMENDATIONS Trade solutions Waiver / Exemption for the LDCs on the food • export restrictionsNational level • Further operationalise the NFIDCs Decision in WTO andRegional level • To Transform it into a Food crisis-plagued LDCs (PCPLDCs) • Rethink and renegotiate the WTO PreferencesInternational/ for the LDCs in AgricultureMultilateral • Rethink possibilities for the LDCs to reconsiderlevels bound rates in the agricultural sector
  2. 2. RECOMMENDATIONS… Trade solutions •Monitoring mechanismNational level • Re-examine benefits of Duty-free export schemesRegional level • New disciplines on food restrictions and on food aid, in particular in GATT Article XI,2 and in AoA Article 12International/ •Insert in EIF and in A4T provisions forMultilateral sustainable agricullture and predictablelevels resources for enhancing food outputs, including through allocations for food
  3. 3. RECOMMENDATIONS… Trade solutions Identify the provisions for flexibilities in •National level genetically-modified crops • Rethink the neo-liberal solutions in theRegional level agricultural sector in LDCs • Re-assess the IMF conditionalities as linked to tradeInternational/ • DDA negotiations on Agricultural toMultilateral cater for solutions on the food crisis inlevels relation to the three pillars in the AoA • Monetization of food aid (transport,
  4. 4. RECOMMENDATIONS Non-Trade solutions Insurance schemes for producers and financing • for agriculture inputs • Buffer food stocks, in particular for theNational level vulnerable segments of the population • Productive capacities (quality, quantities,Regional level equipments, storage facilities, local…) • Value and supply chain strategy (processing of local food staples) • Design of targeted projects on food aid to be financed • Incentives for LDCs farmers to produce food staples • Land reforms and farmers rights
  5. 5. RECOMMENDATIONS… Non-Trade solutions Institutional taxation systems reforms and for • the public expenditures • To strengthen the role of women in theNational level agricultural sector, as well as the family and small- scale producersRegional level • Cross-border food buffer stocks • Alternative forms of food production in light of the climate changes • Harmonisation of the taxation systems • Research and Development in Agriculture • Increase the technical assistance for food crisis and food production in the LDCs
  6. 6. RECOMMENDATIONS... Non-Trade solutions Assess the feasibility for crop Insurance schemes • for producers on large-scale calamities • Risks management on agriculture production •Alternative schemes on energy crisisInternational/ •Technical assistance in putting in place buffer food stocks, through relevant international and regional organisations (FAO, WFP, IFAD…)Multilateral • Provisions for financing the targeted projects onlevels food aid • Implementation of the actual commitments from the FAO Summit and the G8 •Monitoring mechanism •Trade facilitation
  7. 7. RECOMMENDATIONS… Non-Trade solutions •Increase the technical assistance for food crisis and food production in the LDCs • Assess the feasibility for creating aInternational/ “Common Agricultural Policy” (CAP)Multilateral • Support and enhance the support forlevels current initiatives in creating a “Common Agricultural Policy” (CAP) • Assess the impact of agricultural policies of OECD countries on the LDCs • Develop elements on the right to food
  8. 8. RECOMMENDATIONS Non-Trade solutions • Call for a HIPC-wise Initiative for the LDCs from the International Financial Institutions (IFIs) to cope with the financial difficulties, in particular on the BOPInternational • To operationalise the Decision on Coherence/ between the WTO and the IFIs • Transfer of technologies and increasedMultilateral investments on agriculturelevels •Policy research and Development on the structural trends of the food crisis and on tentative solutions at the three levels: national, regional and international, as well as on trade and on non-trade issues
  9. 9. RECOMMENDATIONS Non-Trade solutions • Financing of food aid through gains from oil and food exports (to follow the Saudi Arabia grant to WFP) • Financing mechanisms to be set by the IFIs and access to information to the existing ones (IMF) •To address the supply side constraints from the localInternational/ producers of food • To set up Early Warning Systems (EWS) on food securityMultilateral • To develop new methodology to assess the vulnerability tolevels the food external shocks through basic indicators and variables • To develop larger information channels on the data on climate changes and other relevant indicators • Take into account the losses from the food crisis in the attainment of the MDGs
  10. 10. Note: This publication has been made available by CSEND with the agrement of the author. The Centre for Socio-Eco-Nomic Development (CSEND) aims atpromoting equitable, sustainable and integrated development through dialogue andinstitutional learning.http://www.csend.org/programmes-a-serviceshttp://www.csend.org/about-csendhttp://www.csend.org/project-sampleshttp://www.csend.org/csend-grouphttp://www.csend.org/knowledge-areahttp://www.csend.org/csend-portraitshttp://www.csend.org/community-of-artistsDiplomacy Dialogue is a branch of the Centre for Socio-Eco-Nomic Development(CSEND), a non-profit R&D organization based in Geneva, Switzerland since 1993.http://www.diplomacydialogue.org/missionhttp://www.diplomacydialogue.org/about-ushttp://www.diplomacydialogue.org/projectshttp://www.diplomacydialogue.org/publicationshttp://www.diplomacydialogue.org/conferenceshttp://www.diplomacydialogue.org/dialogue-forumhttp://www.diplomacydialogue.org/partnershttp://www.diplomacydialogue.org/linkshttp://www.diplomacydialogue.org/contacthttp://www.diplomacydialogue.org/sitemap