Enhancing and up-scaling CBA and DRR through participatory communication for development


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CSDI's presentation at the 5th International Conference on Community Based Adaptation (CBA) to Climate Change

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  • The Communication Strategy for LACC wasn’t eventually turned into an Action Plan, but the exploratory work conducted by CSDI in the region contributed to highlight the need for information and communication services, putting it higher in the livelihood adaptation agenda. This led the government of Bangladesh to request another form of technical assistance which resulted in a TCP project focused on the development and promotion of participatory rural communication service particularly through community rural radios.
  • Enhancing and up-scaling CBA and DRR through participatory communication for development

    1. 1. COLLABORATIVE CHANGE Enhancing and up-scaling CBA and DRR through participatory communication for development Mario Acunzo Communication for Development Officer Research and Extension Division Office of Knowledge Exchange (OEK) Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    2. 2. Mainstreaming Community Based Adaptation (CBA) through Agricultural Innovation Systems (research & extension) CCA involves a combination of immediate, medium and long-term measures, most of which are “ knowledge intensive ”: adopting physical adaptive measures improving agricultural practices adjusting socio-economic activities strengthening local linkages research, extension and farmers providing access to knowledge on CCA raise awareness and advocating CBA implies multistakeholder action, innovation and a process of social and institutional change CBA should be promoted in agricultural policies but lacks of institutional structures Opportunity for CBA to be considered in the context of the reform of agricultural innovation systems (research and extension) in connection with new policies for CCA
    3. 3. The role of research, extension and communication facing Climate Change Adaptation in Agriculture Study by FAO & Wageningen Agriculture University <ul><li>Findings of a study on n eeds, approaches and options for institutional change of national research, extension and communication services for CCA </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a framework and building on case studies: Bangladesh, Bolivia, Congo DR, Ghana </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation for CCA is not limited to technology development but requires institutional change that will enable CBA up-scaling </li></ul>
    4. 4. CCA: combination of technical and institutional development through iterative innovations
    5. 5. CCA/CBA & Agricultural innovation: findings <ul><li>Adaptation and innovation are interrelated processes in agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional reforms and new ag. innovation approaches that focus more on ‘ orgware ’ at multiple levels </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural innovation systems provide a framework to institutionalize and up-scale CBA horizontally and vertically </li></ul><ul><li>Linking agricultural innovation systems and CBA requires new forms of coordinated action based on networks of multiple stakeholders & institutions to ensure participation, responsibility & accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Need for rethinking institutional arrangements to promote adaptation & innovation at the community level </li></ul><ul><li>New methods needed in ag. innovation & extension services: mediation, facilitation, on community learning and sharing </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>Communication for Development (ComDev) is a participatory approach that integrates communication strategies and media to improve knowledge, information sharing and participation </li></ul><ul><li>In CCA/CBA ComDev facilitates information, knowledge sharing and participation as key assets for concerted and collaborative action among all stakeholders in a particular agro-ecological context, to enhance livelihood options and increase people’s resilience to CC </li></ul><ul><li>It promotes participatory processes at the community level and fosters institutional and social change </li></ul> Key role of Communication for Development methods and processes for CCA/CBA
    7. 7. <ul><ul><li>facilitates equitable access to knowledge and information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>foster multistakeholder dialogue and action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>support organization and good governance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>facilitates negotiation and coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>capitalize learning and action => co-creation of knowledge for community-based adaptation processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>promotes participation in innovation systems for CBA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>improves active linkages between research, extension and farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bridges the “information glocal divide ” reducing the gap between global environmental systems and local communities’ knowledge </li></ul></ul>Role of Communication for Development in CBA
    8. 8. A ComDev National Plan developed and implemented with the National Institute for Agriculture and Forestry Innovation (INIAF) Lessons: Communication for Sustainable Development Initiative (CSDI) - Bolivia national plan <ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Design, validate and implement </li></ul><ul><li>ComDev strategies and services for CBA, NRM & FS </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen national capacities in ComDev for agriculture and innovation at the local and national levelin support of CCA/DRR </li></ul>
    9. 9. Bolivia: CSDI Local Information & Communication Plans (PLICs) for CBA and FS <ul><li>At local level implemented in 4 pilot areas supporting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>livestock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>forestry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indigenous Peoples’ prior & informed consent </li></ul></ul>Participatory Rural Communication Appraisals to identify local knowledge and information needs Developing local information and communication plans for agricultural innovation, blending local and scientific knowledge and managed by local actors
    10. 10. FAO support to Rural Communication Services (RCS) through community rural radio for FS, CBA, disaster risk preparedness & mitigation Scaling up: enhancing rural communication services (RCS) through community radio in Bangladesh
    11. 11. Conclusions: role of ComDev for CBA <ul><li>Up-scaling CBA involve an institutional process promoted through systematic and participatory knowledge sharing and communication processes and services </li></ul><ul><li>Need to focus on social & communication processes rather than on media promoting local content </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing local communication practices end ensuring linkages between local, national and global level </li></ul><ul><li>Building on existing knowledge and communication systems </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure equitable access to knowledge and information, dialogue and participation </li></ul>
    12. 12. Conclusions: role of ComDev for CBA <ul><li>Document CBA best practices and showcase results </li></ul><ul><li>Assess options and promote new ComDev services for CBA </li></ul><ul><li>Support communities of practice, knowledge sharing, </li></ul><ul><li>networking and partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate ComDev approaches and strategies in CBA </li></ul>
    13. 13. Conclusions: scaling-up CBA in agriculture <ul><li>CBA should be integrated in the agendas of the national agricultural policies and strategies for CCA </li></ul><ul><li>Re-configuration of extension services based on pluralistic methodologies that are suitable for CBA (eg. FFS) </li></ul><ul><li>There is a scope to up-scale CBA through a new focus of the agricultural innovation and a reform of the research and extension systems </li></ul><ul><li>Policy advice and capacity development of rural institution should </li></ul><ul><li>be a priority </li></ul><ul><li>Apply participatory ComDev services as part of CBA and agricultural innovation systems </li></ul>
    14. 14. Thank you [email_address] www.csdinitiative.org