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Community-Based Adaptation (CBA) implies a multi-stakeholders action, innovation and a process of social learning for adaptive livelihoods. Within this framework, communication plays a key role to facilitate knowledge sharing, participation and to enhance rural institutions capacities to assist small farmers to face climate change challenges.
CBA requires communication methods and tools to deal in an integrated manner with climate change issues, in order to:

• involve communities through participation and dialogue;
• discover with farmers appropriate technologies, livelihood options and sound economic practices;
• share knowledge through improved advisory services, such as Farmer and Climate Field Schools, demonstrations, field days etc.

Communication for Development (ComDev) is an approach promoted by FAO and other development agencies. It is central to CBA as it combines participatory communication methods and processes with a variety of media and tools, ranging from rural radio to Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs).

The FAO’s Communication for Sustainable Development Initiative (CSDI) is documenting and sharing good practices on the use of communication for CBA and it is piloting out strategies and services in selected pilot areas, namely: Congo, Jamaica, Bangladesh and Bolivia. These initiatives and other ongoing efforts and experiences will be shared and assessed in a working session at the conference come up with a common framework on communication for CBA.

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  1. 1. Seeking Livelihood Adaptation through Communication for Development Mario Acunzo Communication for Development Officer Natural Resources Department Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  2. 2. <ul><li>CBA focuses on enabling vulnerable groups and communities to enhance their own adaptive capacity , and increase their resilience to climate change </li></ul><ul><li>It requires multi-stakeholders action, innovation and a process of social learning for adaptive livelihoods. </li></ul><ul><li>CBA involves multiple pathways and a combination of immediate, medium and long-term measures “knowledge intensive” </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>Knowledge and communication: assets in Community Based Adaptation (CBA)
  3. 3. <ul><li>Improved knowledge , information sharing , and people’s participation for concerted action are key assets towards adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Communication is a key in these processes for sound CBA and therefore it has to be considered since the beginning </li></ul><ul><li>Communication for Development (ComDev) is a participatory approach that integrates the use of communication strategies, media and processes to enable people and institutions to share knowledge and information and to reach a consensus towards a common action </li></ul>Communication: a key to CBA
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>Technology innovation/adaptation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community based NRM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disaster risk management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Livelihood adaptation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental/local governance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural Communication Strategies & Systems </li></ul></ul>Communication experiences relevant to CBA
  5. 5. <ul><ul><li>TECA - Proven technologies for small holders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual Extension and Research Communication Network (VERCON) - Bhutan, Costa Rica </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural Communication Systems: FarmNet (Namibia), RADCON (Egypt), RKN (Uganda), IC4NRM (Bolivia) </li></ul></ul>Communication systems relevant to CBA
  6. 6. Lessons learnt <ul><ul><li>Focus on social processes rather than on media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building on existing knowledge and communication systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure equitable access to knowledge and information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote local contents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use realistic technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure financial sustainability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhancing local communication capacities </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. ComDev methodologies
  8. 8. Towards a Communication approach in CBA <ul><li>The livelihood adaptation framework </li></ul>‘ ’ Livelihood adaptation to climate variability and change in drought-prone areas of Bangladesh ’ ’, FAO 2006
  9. 9. <ul><li> A working definition </li></ul><ul><li>The systematic design and use of participatory communication processes, strategies and media to share knowledge and information among all stakeholders in a particular agro-ecological context in order to enhance peoples’ resilience and livelihood options to cope with climate change </li></ul>Communication approach to livelihood adaptation
  10. 10. <ul><li>ComDev strategies can foster CBA by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>facilitating equitable access to knowledge and information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>enhance learning and action => co-creation of knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>promoting peoples’ participation in CBA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>improving linkages between research, extension, advisory services and farmers for technology adaptation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>enhancing community based adaptation processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bridging the “information glocal divide ” reducing the gap between global environmental systems, local knowledge and communities </li></ul></ul> R ole of ComDev in CBA
  11. 11. Key principles: enhancing local knowledge and communication processes
  12. 12. Key principles: fostering Dialogue and Mediation
  13. 13. Key principles: Convergence and appropriation of technologies
  14. 14. <ul><li>Integrate ComDev approaches and strategies in CBA </li></ul><ul><li>Document best practices and showcase results </li></ul><ul><li>Assess options for new ComDev services for CBA </li></ul><ul><li>Build capacities in ComDev </li></ul><ul><li>Support communities of practices and partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Communication for Sustainable Development Initiative </li></ul>Challenges
  15. 15. Thank you [email_address]