Collaborative Change: approaches and experiences in ComDev applied to CBA


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4th International Conference on Community-Based Adaptation
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 21-27 February 2010

CBA approaches emphasize the need to empower rural communities and identify, through participatory learning methodologies, suitable adaptation options. Planned knowledge and communication activities have to be acknowledged as strategic assets to improve information sharing, people’s participation and concerted action towards social learning for livelihood adaptation.

As recommended by participants to the 3rd CBA conference, communication processes and strategies are essential to enhance rural institutions’ capacity to assist small farmers and reduce communities’ vulnerability. These should be fully integrated and mainstreamed within the CBA approach, in order to:
• facilitate equitable access to knowledge and information
• enhance learning and action → co-creation of knowledge
• promote peoples’ participation and direct involvement in the design of coping strategies
• bridge the “glocal information divide” between global environmental systems and local communities improving linkages among research, extension, advisory services and farmers.

FAO is implementing the Communication for Sustainable Development Initiative (CSDI), a global programme to test, document and share communication strategies, services and tools for climate change adaptation and sustainable NRM. Based on two cases in Congo and Bangladesh, this presentation will draw on field experience to demonstrate that sharing knowledge on good practices among peers fosters horizontal collaboration and helps rural people define new adaptation strategies to climate change, while reaffirming their right to communication services.

The contribution will also introduce a CSDI initiative in response to the need for enhanced communication capacities among development practitioners, field agents and decision-makers. It aims to establish a cross-regional and cross-institutional community of practice, for sharing information and knowledge on communication applied to climate adaptation, through networking and partnerships with development programmes, institutions, NGOs, universities and research centres.

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Collaborative Change: approaches and experiences in ComDev applied to CBA

  1. 1. Collaborative Change Approaches and experiences in ComDev applied to CBA Cleofe Torres, University of the Philippines Los Banos Federica Matteoli, Coordinator of CSDI project Communication for Sustainable Development Initiative Food and Agriculture Organization
  2. 2. <ul><li>Empower rural communities to </li></ul><ul><li>identify suitable options through </li></ul><ul><li>participatory learning methodologies. </li></ul><ul><li>Implications: </li></ul><ul><li>Existing body of knowledge to start with </li></ul><ul><li>Planned communication for sharing and facilitating people’s participation </li></ul>Focus of CBA Approaches
  3. 3. Communication for Development <ul><li>Planned design and use of communication processes, methods, approaches, tools and techniques to enable people to analyze their current situation and to plan options for change that would help improve their condition. </li></ul><ul><li>Key questions that ComDev can help address in CBA </li></ul><ul><li>What is happening </li></ul><ul><li>What do you do </li></ul><ul><li>How do you do it </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you do it </li></ul>
  4. 4. ComDev practice as informed by CBA features <ul><li>Objective - aims towards improved way of doing things and managing change. </li></ul><ul><li>Audience/Stakeholder - involves multi-stakeholders decision and action especially the vulnerable one </li></ul><ul><li>Messages/Content - focuses on generation of innovations that are small-scale, low-cost and simple and can be supported and sustained by available local resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Approach - employs participatory and social learning where a community actively reflect on actions and associated results and reframe their perceptions leading to new actions. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 3 rd CBA Conference recommendation on ComDev <ul><li>Integrate and mainstream ComDev in CBA to: </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate equitable access to knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance learning and action. </li></ul><ul><li>Promote participation in design of coping strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Bridge glocal divide. </li></ul><ul><li>Improve linkages among research, extension, advisory services and farmers. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Applying ComDev in CBA: Strategic Steps <ul><li>Baseline assessment of community’s climate change adaptation perspectives, expectations and needs (PEN study) </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of communication behavior patterns and systems </li></ul><ul><li>Design of communication strategy (behavior transformation objectives, content, methods/media combination and ICTs, approaches, and tools) </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening of local capacities on ComDev </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation to add value to experience </li></ul>
  7. 7. ComDev in livelihood adaptation <ul><li>Bangladesh Case: </li></ul>Local knowledge Scientific Knowledge Improved Practice
  8. 8. ICTs in ComDev for CBA <ul><li>ICTs tools can be used to : </li></ul><ul><li>Record data and information on climate system </li></ul><ul><li>Transform data and information into knowledge useful for planning adaptation strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate knowledge for capacity building and networking </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Methodologies and tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Approaches, best practices, and training materials on ComDev for CCA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Knowledge sharing and Partnerships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Networking and partnerships for mainstream ComDev services through regional and thematic. Regional Platforms for capacity building and advocacy : Near East; Onda Rural; Central America; Indigenous People </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Support to field projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication Action Plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Congo </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bangladesh </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Caribbean region </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bolivia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical Advice to field projects upon request </li></ul></ul>CSDI Main activities
  10. 10. Case study: Communication Action Plan in DRC <ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Support to the National Agricultural and Forestry Programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Next step </li></ul><ul><li>Communication Action Plan for agriculture and forestry sector (with UNREDD) </li></ul><ul><li>Community driven communication/rural radio services for CBA </li></ul>
  11. 11. CSDI Strategy for Knowledge Sharing on ComDev for CBA <ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Global and regional communities of practice on Communication for Development applied to CBA. </li></ul><ul><li>Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening CSDI focal points and platforms to support ComDev action plans in the field </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration with: E-Learning for CBA and TECA at FAO + ALM </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity Building initiative btw ComDev practitioners & universities (South <-> North) </li></ul><ul><li>Global partnership & info/outreach initiative (CSDI partners, and CBA) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Next steps <ul><li>Develop, systematize and share ComDev approaches and methods for CBA (best practices) </li></ul><ul><li>Continue support and upscale of Action Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen ComDev capacity through knowledge networks </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidate and expand ComDev/CBA partnerships </li></ul>
  13. 13. Lets use systematically ComDev for Climate Change <ul><li>For information: </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Or </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>