Inventions and Inventors of the late 1700’s By Kenny Slaby and Geoff Boyajian
Inventions <ul><li>The Telegraph </li></ul><ul><li>Bifocal Glasses </li></ul><ul><li>Guillotine </li></ul><ul><li>Vaccinat...
Inventors <ul><li>Claude Chappe </li></ul><ul><li>Benjamin Franklin </li></ul><ul><li>Doctor Joseph Ignance Guillotin </li...
The Telegraph <ul><li>Invented: 1794 </li></ul><ul><li>Inventor: Claude Chappe </li></ul><ul><li>How it works: The early t...
Claude Chappe <ul><li>Born: December 25, 1763 </li></ul><ul><li>Died: January 23, 1805 </li></ul><ul><li>Invented: Claude ...
Bifocal Glasses <ul><li>Invented: 1760 </li></ul><ul><li>Inventor: Benjamin Franklin </li></ul><ul><li>How it works: The b...
Benjamin Franklin <ul><li>Born: January 17, 1706 </li></ul><ul><li>Died: April 17, 1790 </li></ul><ul><li>Invented: Benjam...
The Guillotine <ul><li>Invented: 1792 </li></ul><ul><li>Inventor: Doctor Joseph Ignance Guillotin </li></ul><ul><li>How it...
Doctor Joseph Ignance Guillotin <ul><li>Born: May 28, 1738 </li></ul><ul><li>Died: March 26, 1814 </li></ul><ul><li>Invent...
Vaccinations <ul><li>Invented: 1796 </li></ul><ul><li>Inventor: Edward Jenner </li></ul><ul><li>How it worked*: Edward Jen...
Edward Jenner <ul><li>Born: May 17, 1749 </li></ul><ul><li>Died: Jan 23, 1805 </li></ul><ul><li>Invented: Edward Jenner fi...
The Cotton Gin <ul><li>Invented: 1793 </li></ul><ul><li>Inventor: Eli Whitney </li></ul><ul><li>How it works: Cotton must ...
Eli Whitney <ul><li>Born: December 8, 1765 </li></ul><ul><li>Died: January 8, 1825 </li></ul><ul><li>Invented: After gradu...
The Hot Air Balloon <ul><li>Invented: 1783 </li></ul><ul><li>Inventor: Joseph and Jaques Montegolfier </li></ul><ul><li>Ho...
Joseph & Jacques Montegolfier <ul><li>Born: Joseph- August 26, 1740; Jaques- January 6, 1745 </li></ul><ul><li>Died: Josep...
Benjamin Banneker <ul><li>Born: November 9, 1731 </li></ul><ul><li>Died: October 9, 1806 </li></ul><ul><li>Invented: Benja...
Invention Fun Facts <ul><li>It is said that after a person’s head is off after the guillotine, it is still alive for a few...
Bibliography <ul><li>APS Physics | APS Home . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://www.aps.org/publications/apsnews/200611/images/balloon....
Bibliography page 2 <ul><li>&quot;Edward Jenner.&quot;  Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://en.wikiped...
Bibliography page 3 <ul><li>&quot;The History of the Telegraph - Samuel Morse.&quot;  Inventors . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://inv...
Thank you! <ul><li>Thank you for watching our presentation. We hope you learned more about inventions in the late 1700’s t...
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Inventions And Inventors Of The Late 1700 S 1

  1. 1. Inventions and Inventors of the late 1700’s By Kenny Slaby and Geoff Boyajian
  2. 2. Inventions <ul><li>The Telegraph </li></ul><ul><li>Bifocal Glasses </li></ul><ul><li>Guillotine </li></ul><ul><li>Vaccination </li></ul><ul><li>The Cotton Gin </li></ul><ul><li>The Hot Air Balloon </li></ul><ul><li>Invention fun facts </li></ul>
  3. 3. Inventors <ul><li>Claude Chappe </li></ul><ul><li>Benjamin Franklin </li></ul><ul><li>Doctor Joseph Ignance Guillotin </li></ul><ul><li>Edward Jenner </li></ul><ul><li>Eli Whitney </li></ul><ul><li>Joseph and Jacques Montegolfier </li></ul><ul><li>Benjamin Banneker </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Telegraph <ul><li>Invented: 1794 </li></ul><ul><li>Inventor: Claude Chappe </li></ul><ul><li>How it works: The early telegraph was a series of towers with a large beam mechanism on the top. The beam had a central beam that was suspended in the air by a support beam. The central beam had two beams off of it that could be moved into different positions. The central beam could also be moved allowing 198 different possible positions. Each tower had a telescope for viewing the other towers. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Claude Chappe <ul><li>Born: December 25, 1763 </li></ul><ul><li>Died: January 23, 1805 </li></ul><ul><li>Invented: Claude Chappe invented the first telegraph system. He and his brothers were parts of the church, and when the French Revolution started they had to leave. They decided to build a machine known today as the telegraph. The telegraph system went from Lille, France, to Paris, France. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Bifocal Glasses <ul><li>Invented: 1760 </li></ul><ul><li>Inventor: Benjamin Franklin </li></ul><ul><li>How it works: The bifocal glasses use a convex and a concave lens. It allows the wearer to use only one pair of glasses to see far (looking up) and close (looking down). That way they didn’t have to change glasses when they wanted to read, they simply looked down. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Benjamin Franklin <ul><li>Born: January 17, 1706 </li></ul><ul><li>Died: April 17, 1790 </li></ul><ul><li>Invented: Benjamin Franklin had trouble seeing near and far. To save him time he took a convex and a concave lens and stuck them together. The result was the bifocal glasses. Benjamin also invented many other things, however only the bifocal glasses will be mentioned. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Guillotine <ul><li>Invented: 1792 </li></ul><ul><li>Inventor: Doctor Joseph Ignance Guillotin </li></ul><ul><li>How it works: The victim is tied or strapped down and his/her head it placed in a hole under the blade, which is sharpened at a 45 degree angle. The blade is then dropped by releasing a stopper by pulling a rope. The blade falls and chops off the head of the victim. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Doctor Joseph Ignance Guillotin <ul><li>Born: May 28, 1738 </li></ul><ul><li>Died: March 26, 1814 </li></ul><ul><li>Invented: Doctor Guillotin invented the Guillotine in hopes of making the death penalty more humane, and eventually abolishing it. When Louis XVI banned the breaking wheel, Dr. Guillotin seized the opportunity for his invention. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Vaccinations <ul><li>Invented: 1796 </li></ul><ul><li>Inventor: Edward Jenner </li></ul><ul><li>How it worked*: Edward Jenner used the disease known as cowpox to cure smallpox. Giving a person cowpox made them immune to smallpox. Over time vaccinations changed and today we don’t need to get a disease to resist another disease . </li></ul><ul><li>*Vaccinations today are different then the original vaccination </li></ul>
  11. 11. Edward Jenner <ul><li>Born: May 17, 1749 </li></ul><ul><li>Died: Jan 23, 1805 </li></ul><ul><li>Invented: Edward Jenner figured out that a farmer that got cowpox was immune to smallpox. He tried an experiment by giving a boy cowpox, which is relatively harmless. After his recovery he gave the boy smallpox. To his success, he was immune. After many tests he posted his findings to the world, and soon 100,000 people had become vaccinated. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Cotton Gin <ul><li>Invented: 1793 </li></ul><ul><li>Inventor: Eli Whitney </li></ul><ul><li>How it works: Cotton must have the seeds separated from the cotton itself. Until the cotton gin this was done by hand. The cotton gin has a thin wire screen and small wire hooks that pull cotton through the screen without pulling the seeds. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Eli Whitney <ul><li>Born: December 8, 1765 </li></ul><ul><li>Died: January 8, 1825 </li></ul><ul><li>Invented: After graduating from Yale, Eli Whitney moved to Georgia. There he became a private tutor. After discovering how hard cotton was to produce, he invented the cotton gin, which allowed the cotton production to go much faster. </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Hot Air Balloon <ul><li>Invented: 1783 </li></ul><ul><li>Inventor: Joseph and Jaques Montegolfier </li></ul><ul><li>How it works: The air inside the balloon is heated and the balloon rises because hot air is lighter than cold air. The early balloons did not have a basket. Instead it had a walkway around the bottom of the balloon which could be stood on. Also the first balloons did not have a portable burner, however much heat they got before take-off from a fire was the only heat it had. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Joseph & Jacques Montegolfier <ul><li>Born: Joseph- August 26, 1740; Jaques- January 6, 1745 </li></ul><ul><li>Died: Joseph- June 26, 1810; Jaques- August 2, 1799 </li></ul><ul><li>Invented: Owning a paper factory, they discovered a shirt filled with air over a fire. They threw paper scraps into the fire and later found them floating out the chimney. They concluded smoke made things rise. They built the first hot air balloon made of fabric and paper, lined with alum, and flew it. It raised 2 meters above the ground and traveled two kilometers. They perfected the design and later it flew long distances and carried people. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Benjamin Banneker <ul><li>Born: November 9, 1731 </li></ul><ul><li>Died: October 9, 1806 </li></ul><ul><li>Invented: Benjamin Banneker didn’t actually invent anything. However he was a clock maker. Benjamin was the first person in North America to successfully build a clock. Not only was he the first person, but he was the first African American to build it, which was a big first step to African American freedom early in America’s history. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Invention Fun Facts <ul><li>It is said that after a person’s head is off after the guillotine, it is still alive for a few seconds </li></ul><ul><li>Rather than using a needle, Jenner rubbed the puss of a cowpox blister on the boy to get him infected </li></ul><ul><li>One of the first flights of the hot air balloon was manned by a sheep, a chicken, and a duck </li></ul><ul><li>Louis XVI wanted the hot air balloon to be manned by a criminal on one of its first flights </li></ul><ul><li>Bifocals were invented because Ben Franklin got annoyed at his glasses </li></ul><ul><li>The guillotine got an “e” at the end of it because a French poet thought it rhymed better </li></ul>
  18. 18. Bibliography <ul><li>APS Physics | APS Home . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://www.aps.org/publications/apsnews/200611/images/balloon.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave picture of hot air balloon. </li></ul><ul><li>Askeland » home . 19 Mar. 2009 <https://askeland.wikispaces.com/file/view/cotton_gin.gif>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave picture of cotton gin. </li></ul><ul><li>Askeland » home . 19 Mar. 2009 <https://askeland.wikispaces.com/file/view/eli_whitney.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave picture of Eli Whitney. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Benjamin Banneker.&quot; Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Banneker>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave info on Mr. Banneker. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Benjamin Franklin and His Inventions.&quot; Resources for Science Learning . The Franklin Institute. 19 Mar. 2009 <http://sln.fi.edu/franklin/inventor/inventor.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave info on bifocals. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Benjamin Franklin FAQ.&quot; Resources for Science Learning . The Franklin Institute. 17 Mar. 2009 <http://www.fi.edu/franklin/birthday/faq.html#01>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave great info on Ben Franklin. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Claude Chappe.&quot; Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claude_Chappe>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave info on Claude Chappe. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The Cotton Gin | The Eli Whitney Museum and Workshop.&quot; 19 Mar. 2009 <http://www.eliwhitney.org/new/museum/eli-whitney/cotton-gin>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave info on Eli and the cotton gin. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Cotton gin.&quot; Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cotton_gin>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave info on cotton gin. </li></ul><ul><li>Edinformatics -- Education for the Information Age . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://www.edinformatics.com/inventions_inventors/180px-DrGuillotin.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave picture of Dr. Guillotin. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Edward Jenner and the Discovery of Vaccination.&quot; University of South Carolina . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://www.sc.edu/library/spcoll/nathist/jenner.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave info on Edward Jenner. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Bibliography page 2 <ul><li>&quot;Edward Jenner.&quot; Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Jenner>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave info on Edward Jenner. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Eli Whitney, Jr.&quot; Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eli_Whitney>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave info on Eli and the cotton gin. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;First Manned Flight.&quot; Oracal ThinkQuest Library . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://library.thinkquest.org/28629/page26.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave info on hot air balloon. </li></ul><ul><li>Free Christian Skits at www.ChristianSkitScripts.com . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://www.christianskitscripts.com/hypophoto.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave picture of needle. </li></ul><ul><li>Garden of Praise . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://www.gardenofpraise.com/images/bifocal.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave picture of bifocals. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Guillotine pictures.&quot; The Guillotine Headquarters . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://www.guillotine.dk/Pages/Gallery.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave pictures of guillotine. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Guillotine.&quot; Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guillotine>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave info on Guillotine. </li></ul><ul><li>Gymnasium und FMS Münchenstein . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://www.gymmuenchenstein.ch/stalder/klassen/hie/rev_ch/flight-Dateien/image002.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave picture of Montegolfier brothers. </li></ul><ul><li>Harrison, Ian. The Book of Inventions: How'd they come up with that? 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave base info on most inventions. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The History of Hot Air Balloons.&quot; Hot Air Ballooning Pictures, History and Information from eBalloon.org . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://www.eballoon.org/history/history-of-ballooning.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave info on hot air balloon. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;History of the hot-airballoon.&quot; Oracle ThinkQuest Library . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://library.thinkquest.org/28629/page22.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave info on hot air balloon. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Bibliography page 3 <ul><li>&quot;The History of the Telegraph - Samuel Morse.&quot; Inventors . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://inventors.about.com/od/tstartinventions/a/telegraph.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave info on telegraph. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Hot air balloon.&quot; Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_air_balloon>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave info on the hot air balloon. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Imagining the Internet.&quot; Elon University . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://www.elon.edu/e-web/predictions/150/1830.xhtml#development>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave info on telegraph. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Invention of the Vaccination Needle.&quot; Inventors . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blvaccination.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave info on vaccionation. </li></ul><ul><li>Jenner, Edward. Vaccination Against SmallPox . Amhorst: Prometheus Books, 1996. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave info on vaccination. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier.&quot; 19 Mar. 2009 <http://www.centennialofflight.gov/essay/Dictionary/Montgolfier/DI35.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave info on the Montegolfier brothers and the hot air balloon. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Joseph Ignace Guillotin ().&quot; Www.whonamedit.com . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://www.whonamedit.com/doctor.cfm/2275.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave great info on Dr. Guillotin. </li></ul><ul><li>MEMO - Le site de l'Histoire. Voyages historiques et culturels . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://www.memo.fr/Media/Chappe.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>PIcture of Claude Chappe. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Napoleon's Secret Weapon.&quot; 19 Mar. 2009 <http://bnrg.eecs.berkeley.edu/~randy/Courses/CS39C.S97/optical/optical.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave info on telegraph. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Off With Their Heads - History of the Guillotine.&quot; Inventors . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://inventors.about.com/od/gstartinventions/a/Guillotine.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave info on Guillotine. </li></ul><ul><li>19 Mar. 2009 <http://bnrg.eecs.berkeley.edu/~randy/Courses/CS39C.S97/gifs/optical.gif>. </li></ul><ul><li>Picture of telegraph. </li></ul><ul><li>OpenLearn - The Open University . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/file.php/2642/S320_1_001i.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave picture of Edward Jenner. </li></ul><ul><li>Rosenblumtv . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://rosenblumtv.files.wordpress.com/2009/02/benjamin-franklin.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave picture of Benjamin Franklin. </li></ul><ul><li>Those inventive Americans. Washington D.C.: National Geographic Society, 1971. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave base info on most inventions. </li></ul><ul><li>The Worlds of David Darling . 19 Mar. 2009 <http://www.daviddarling.info/images/Banneker.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gave picture of Mr. Banneker. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Thank you! <ul><li>Thank you for watching our presentation. We hope you learned more about inventions in the late 1700’s than you knew before. Have a nice day! </li></ul>
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