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Children's Services Council of Broward County, Systemic Model of Prevention

Children's Services Council of Broward County, Systemic Model of Prevention



Research Analyst Laura Ganci and Program Specialist Melissa Stanley of the Children's Services Council of Broward County, hosted a webinar for the Florida Alcohol and Drug Abuse Association on ...

Research Analyst Laura Ganci and Program Specialist Melissa Stanley of the Children's Services Council of Broward County, hosted a webinar for the Florida Alcohol and Drug Abuse Association on Implementing a Collaborative Approach to Child Welfare.

The Children's Services Council of Broward County provides leadership, advocacy and resources necessary to enhance children's lives and empower them to become responsible, productive adults. To learn more, visit us online at www.cscbroward.org and on social media at www.facebook.com/cscbroward; www.twitter.com/cscbroward; and www.youtube.com/cscbroward



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  • Objectives:Describe integrative model of prevention (collective impact, RBA) & implementation in Broward countyIdentify measures of quality and performance (RBA, PMs)Explain specific programming components (FS programs, Florida Practice Model)Assess feasibility
  • Special independent taxing district funded by property taxes—average homeowner will pay approx. $77/year to support CSC services. Funding is provided for a wide variety of programs delivered by over 100 “provider” agencies throughout the county.
  • Since its inception, the CSC of Broward has funded secondary and tertiary prevention programs within the child welfare system’s service continuum. Secondary prevention focuses on families who are at risk of maltreatment due to multiple risk factors (e.g., low income, teen parent, dv issues, mental health concerns). Tertiary prevention targets families where maltreatment has already occurred—focused on reducing negative consequences of the maltreatment and preventing reoccurrence. In 1999, DCF privatized Child Protective Investigations and contracted with BSO to provide these services—BSO Child Protective Investigations Section (CPIS). In 2002, DCF privatized child welfare services statewide. ChildNet was selected by the state to manage local system of services for Broward. ChildNet provides oversight to nearly 2,000 families a year who have had verified findings of child abuse and/or neglect.Broward County Board of County Commissioners under the auspices of the Human Services Department provides a comprehensive array of programs for children and adults including behavioral health treatment, sexual assault counseling, primary health care, homeless services, substance abuse treatment and assistance to individuals and families in achieving economic and social stability.
  • U.S. Census Bureau: State and County QuickFacts / 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year EstimatesAs you can see by these statistics, Broward county is a large, demographically diverse county. The diversity of the county further adds to the complexity of addressing child abuse and neglect throughout the community. There are cultural concerns with regards to disciplinary and parenting attitudes/thoughts/techniques/values across the variety of cultural backgrounds of Broward’s residents. Oftentimes, new immigrants are unaware of the child abuse and neglect laws in this country and they vastly differ from the laws in their countries of origin. Additionally, there is a cultural clash that requires sensitivity when we (social service providers) promote parenting skills/techniques that are viewed as “American” and do not resonate with the culture in which these parents were raised. Oftentimes, these parents do not want their kids to become “Americanized” and parenting in a way that reflects their cultural values is highly important to them. Finally, possible experiences of acculturative stress (mental health concerns, isolation, lack of social support) for recent immigrants is an important consideration when working with this population.
  • This provides a recent reflection of how our community is doing with regards to child welfare. It is the common agenda, the data that informs our initiatives and guides the social services that need to be provided to resolve this complex social problem. This data shows clear patterns with regards to DV and SA and their correlations with child abuse and neglect. This specifically informed the RFP process and the programmatic components of the family strengthening programs.
  • Again another gauge of how our community is doing, trend wise, there has been quite a rise in the rate of abuse and neglect in Broward county, most recently being higher than the state rate. We know that the increase, specifically between 08/09 and 09/10 had a lot to do with the economic recession and its affects on families in our communities.
  • This slide shows the rate of re-abuse within 12 months, again showing a high percentage of almost 10%. Additionally, 71% of the re-abuse was due to verified family violence or substance misuse. The data regarding how our community is doing is what informs the overarching goals for the Children’s Services Council and Broward County’s Children Strategic Plan…
  • CSP Leadership Coalition—Sr. Mgmt. (School Board, DOH, DCF, CSC, DJJ, Municipalities, County Govt., Social Service Providers, Philanthropic Foundations, Business, Parents/Youth CSP Committees—mid-level staff Funders’ Forum—Sr. Mgmt.Shared Vision/Results, shared language & planning framework, shared measurement systems (Broward benchmarks, community indicators, MOUs for individual level data (DCF, DJJ)Connects Govt. PMs with community indicators/planning
  • Isolated Impact: oriented toward finding and funding a solution embodied within a single organization, combined with the hope that the most effective organizations will grow or replicate to extend their impact more widely. Focus on scaling up a few select organizations as the key to social progress.Collective Impact Initiatives are long-term commitments by a group of important actorsfrom different sectors to a common agenda for solving a specific social problem. It is different than simple collaboration in that there is a centralized infrastructure, dedicated staff, and structured process that leads to a common agenda, supported by a shared measurement system, mutually reinforcing activities,and ongoing communication, and are staffed by an independent backbone organization.Large scale social change comes from better cross-sector coordination rather than from isolated intervention of individual organizations—difficult to accomplish because organizations are accustomed to focusing on independent action as the primary vehicle for social change.
  • (Kania & Kramer, 2011) Common Agenda: common understanding of the problem, shared vision for changeShared Measurement: shared accountability, performance management—common agenda is misleading without agreement on the ways success will be measured and reported—this ensures that community indicators are being addressed across all organizations, efforts remain aligned and allows for accountability across all orgz/participantsMutually Reinforcing Activities: coordination through joint plan of actionContinuous Communication: consistent & open communication, focus on building trustBackbone Support: resources & skills to convene and coordinate participating organizations
  • (Kania & Kramer, 2011) Common Agenda: common understanding of the problem, shared vision for changeShared Measurement: shared accountability, performance managementMutually Reinforcing Activities: coordination through joint plan of actionContinuous Communication: consistent & open communication, focus on building trustBackbone Support: resources & skills to convene and coordinate participating organizations
  • RBA provides a simple, plain language and useful framework for assisting communities and agencies to improve quality of life conditions. RBA encompasses two different kinds of accountability: Accountability for whole populations, like all children in Los Angeles, all elders in Chicago, all residents of North Carolina. This first kind of accountability is not the responsibility of any one agency or program. If we talk for example about “all children in your community being healthy,” who are some of the partners that have a role to play? Notice that the traditional answer is “It’s the health department.” It’s got the word health in it and so it must be the responsibility of the health department. And yet one of the things we have learned in the last 50 years is that the health department by itself can’t possibly produce health for all children without the active participation of many other partners. And that’s the nature of this first kind of accountability. It’s not about the health department. It’s about the kind of cross community partnerships necessary to make progress on quality of life for any population. Now the second kind of accountability, Performance Accountability, is about the health department. It’s about the programs and services we provide, and our role as managers, making sure our programs are working as well as possible. These are two profoundly different kinds of accountability.
  • RBA example at programmatic level
  • This is an example of the shared measurement component—aggregate reporting, utilizing the RBA framework, we provide data regarding our agency performance measures across all agencies—we answer the 3 questions of how much, how well, and is anybody better off
  • strategies and action steps for system coordination, service continuum, accountability, shared data & data driven decisions, identified top-priority activities to pursueEvery participant in a collective impact effort will not and should not necessarily be doing the same activities but there are activities specifically across our FS programs that are done across agencies to promote shared initiatives. On a community level, it was important to recognize that diversity of our residents and how that would and does impact our service delivery. We continuously analyze data such as amount spent by zip codes, race/ethnicity served by zip codes & across the county, addressing disproportionality to make sure that needs are being addressed where they need to be. Furthermore, as informed by the community indicator data, we implemented trainings and emphasized the importance of DV and SA treatment across our FS programs, these are requirements for all of the programs despite their services being unique. Clients identified as having these concerns or being the reason for referral need to be referred to appropriate services. Finally on a client-education level, we have integrated educational components across all of the FS programs that address additional issues of child abuse/neglect, including water safety, drowning prevention (agency staff conducts water safety checklist with family), safe sleep training (referrals to Cribs for Kids, or purchasing of pack n plays with flex funds), and all children aged 5 and under are required to have an ASQ developmental screening done (with consent, even if they are not the IP) those clients requiring referrals are then linked to the appropriate service, we track this data in our system (CAPTA-Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act agreement with CDTC—data sharing MOU)
  • (Kania & Kramer, 2011) CSC’s FS programs have been identified as a priority referral source for subsidized child care.Florida Safe Families Network—data portal for DCF, child abuse/neglect cases
  • Shared Vision/Results, shared language & planning framework, shared measurement systems (Broward benchmarks, community indicators, MOUs for individual level data (DCF, DJJ)Connects Govt. PMs with community indicators/planning
  • Florida Department of Children and FamiliesCommon agenda—DCF and FS programs share same goal of engaging families and community and partnering on a macro level across providersShared Measurement—On a meta level gathering information and assessing and understanding it reflects the idea of shared measurement Mutually Reinforcing Activities—Plan for child safety and family change mirrors the goals of our prevention programs and through our collaborative process we provide mutually reinforcing activities across the continuum of child welfareContinuous communication—Monitor and adapt relates to the continuous communication piece of CI in that collaboration and communication is required to best modify or adapt case plans for individual cases and families across service providers
  • Healthy Families Broward is a nationally accredited home visiting program for expectant parents and parents of newborns. This program identifies high-risk indicators associated with child abuse and neglect and then either provides in-home services by a para-professional or refers the family to another service provider if they are at capacity or if the issue identified is beyond the scope of the program, such as maternal depression.
  • Community stakeholders and experts review proposals and make recommendations for funding through a rating system. Rating committees are held to discuss findings and allow for applicant interviews. All rating committee recommendations are sent to Council for approval.
  • FS was the first RFP CSC put out. It is the 2nd highest funding commitment to the community. 2007- Division of service funding2011- ASQ, water safety, subsidized child care, fatherhood focus, safe sleep; alignment with Florida prevention plan
  • Programs receive referrals from various sources including but not limited to: BSO CPIS, ChildNet, Family Court, School Personnel, Community agencies, DJJ, Healthy Start, mental health, family or friends, and most importantly self-referrals
  • Estimates based on SAMIS data.
  • CSC funds various levels of home-based, family programming aimed to reduce risk factors while increasing protective factors to prevent CA/N
  • Evidence Based Models: Multisystemic Therapy (MST), Functional Family Therapy (FFT); Intensive supervision, training, and oversight by national consultantsBest Practice Models: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT)Special Needs Programming: Sexually Reactive Children, Hard of Hearing Population, Developmental Delays, Teen PregnancyInterventions: Family therapy, school/ court advocacy, crisis management, community resources, communication skills, parenting knowledge and skill practiceFlex Funding: Emergency assistance, incentives, rewards, parenting groups, family building events
  • Referrals from BSO CPIS or ChildNet only for families at imminent risk for child removal.Interventions: Motivation enhancement, cognitive behavioral intervention, focus on issues threatening external placementSmall caseloads, brief but intensive services. Intensive supervision, training, and oversight by national consultants.
  • Program Specialists and Research Analysts have many years of experience in the identified area and have practical work history in the field.

Children's Services Council of Broward County, Systemic Model of Prevention Children's Services Council of Broward County, Systemic Model of Prevention Presentation Transcript

  • A Systemic Model of Prevention: Implementing aCollaborative Approach to Child WelfarePresenters: Laura M. Ganci, LFMT & Melissa Stanley, MSMFT, CPPChildren’s Services Council of Broward Countylganci@cscbroward.org & mstanley@cscbroward.org954-377-1000June 25th, 2013
  • www.cscbroward.orgChildren’s Services Councilof Broward CountyEstablished in 2000 by the voters of BrowardCounty to provide the leadership, advocacy andresources necessary to enhance children’s livesand empower them to become responsibleadults through collaborative planning andfunding of a continuum of services.
  • www.cscbroward.orgChild Welfare System in Broward CountyPrevention Intervention
  • www.cscbroward.orgBroward County, Florida• 1.8 million total population (U.S. Census Bureau,2012)• 13% of persons below poverty level• $51,782 median household income• 31% foreign born (78% from Latin America)• 27% Black• 26% Hispanic or Latino• 13% West Indian ancestry• 23% speak Spanish at home
  • www.cscbroward.orgCommunity Indicators• 14,554 intake referrals from the Florida Abuse Hotline wereinvestigated by BSO in 2011/12 (Broward Sheriff’s Office).• From 2008-2011, 42-47% of abuse victims involved verifiedfamily violence.– 8-9% were re-abused within 12 months.– 58-74% of these re-abused victims involved verified familyviolence.• From 2008-2011, 20-23% of abuse victims involved verifiedsubstance misuse.– 14-16% were re-abused within 12 months.– 66-77% of these re-abuse victims involved verifiedsubstance misuse.
  • www.cscbroward.orgCommunity Indicators
  • www.cscbroward.orgCommunity Indicators
  • www.cscbroward.org
  • www.cscbroward.orgCollective ImpactTraditionalOrganizations work separately & competeEvaluation is isolated, focused on one organization’simpactDisconnection acrossstakeholders, government, business, nonprofits, etc.CollectiveActive coordination & communicationSame goals, measuring same thingsCross-sector alignment(Kania & Kramer, 2011)
  • www.cscbroward.orgA Collective Impact Model of PreventionCommon Agenda• Reduce rate of abuse and neglectShared Measurement•Performance Measures tracked across organizations•Aggregate data reported (Budget sheets, Annual Report)Mutually Reinforcing Activities•Abuse & Neglect Service Continuum, accountability, shared data (MOUs), data-driven decisions(RFPs, Renewals)Continuous Communication•CSP Meetings, Child Abuse & Neglect Committee Meetings, Family Support Provider MeetingsBackbone Support Organization•CSC & CSP
  • www.cscbroward.orgCommon AgendaChildren Live in Stable andNurturing FamiliesReduce Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect
  • www.cscbroward.orgShared MeasurementResults BasedAccountabilityPopulationAccountabilityabout the well-being ofWHOLEPOPULATIONSPerformanceAccountabilityabout the well-being ofCUSTOMERPOPULATIONSFor Communities –Cities – Counties –States - NationsFor Programs –Agencies – and ServiceSystems(Friedman, 2005)
  • ContributionrelationshipAlignmentof measuresAppropriateresponsibilityTHE LINKAGE Between POPULATION and PERFORMANCEPOPULATION ACCOUNTABILITYHealthy BirthsRate of low birth-weight babiesStable FamiliesRate of child abuse and neglectChildren Ready for SchoolPercent fully ready per K-entry assessmentCUSTOMERRESULTS# ofinvestigationscompleted% initiatedwithin 24 hrsof report# repeatAbuse/Neglect% repeatAbuse/NeglectPERFORMANCE ACCOUNTABILITYChild Welfare ProgramPOPULATIONRESULTSChild Welfare ProgramHow much did we do? How well did we do it?Is anyone better off?EffortEffect
  • Key Question Performance Council Goal Evaluation Tool Admin Schedule% of contracted participants actuallyserved95% SAMIS DataAnalyzed on Semi-AnnualSchedule% of funded allocation utilized 95% SAMIS DataAnalyzed on Semi-AnnualScheduleProgram Services MonitoringMeetsExpectationsMonitoring and Site Visits AnnuallyData Integrity 95%SAMISData Quality Assurance ReportAnalyzed on Semi-AnnualSchedule% of families who participated in allprogram requirements.75% CDG Case closure reason Program Completion% of parents who demonstratedacceptable level and/or decreased theirexperienced level of parenting stress.85%Parenting Stress Inventory- ShortForm (PSI-SF for youth ages 0-12 years)/ Stress Inventory forParents of Adolescents (SIPA foryouth ages 11-19 years).Pre-test and ProgramCompletion% of families who improved familyfunctioning.80%North Carolina FamilyAssessment Scale (NCFAS)Pre-test and ProgramCompletion% of families with no verified abusefindings 6 months post programcompletion.80%This outcome to be measured incollaboration between BSO andCSC.6 months following ProgramCompletionVI. PERFORMANCE MEASURESThe PROVIDER will be required to submit client performance measure data, in the SAMIS Performance Measure (PM) Module, withinthe time frames specified by the CSC. The PROVIDER shall also report any barriers experienced in performance measure achievement,as required. The report should also include any noteworthy activities that have occurred during the term of this Agreement, as requested.PROVIDERS will use the CSC Data Quality Assurance Report to ensure administration points are completed and service componentsare attached.Is AnybodyBetter Off?DESIRED RESULT : Children live in safe and nurturing families.Results based accountability utilizes data to improve performance outcome measures to achieve the desired customer result. Whenapplied, performance measurement answers the following key questions:How Much DidWe Do?How Well DidWe Do It?
  • Aggregate ReportingAnnual ReportBudget/Renewals
  • www.cscbroward.orgMutually Reinforcing Activities• Analyzing demographicdata to meet needs, fillgaps• Reduce disparitiesacross race & ethnicityCulturalCompetency• Domestic Violence• Substance Abuse• Immediate referralsTrainings• Water Safety• Safe Sleep• DevelopmentalScreeningsEducation
  • www.cscbroward.orgContinuous CommunicationChildNetBSO-CPISChildren’sDiagnostic &TreatmentCenterProviderAgenciesSubsidizedChildcareDomesticViolence &SubstanceAbuseProvidersMOUs, CAPTA,FS WaitList, FSFN, ChildNet ClosingSummaries, Trainings, ProviderMeetings
  • www.cscbroward.orgCSC-Backbone Support Organization
  • The Florida Practice Model•Build rapport and trust with the family and other persons who support the family as the six information standards areexplored (see back). Empower the family by seeking information as to its strengths, resources, and family solutions.Demonstrate respect for the family as they exist in their social network, community, and culture.Engage•Identify formal and informal partners who have the knowledge and information needed about the family and/or familyconditions. Provide team leadership and facilitation to achieve optimum communication, clear roles andresponsibilities, and accountability.Partner•Gather information consistently, from the family and other team members, throughout the course of all interventions toupdate the six information standards (see back). Update information as underlying issues, including trauma, are identifiedand the family situation changes.Gather Information•Assess information gathered for sufficiency. Identify unsupported observations or unverified statements. Reconcileinformation inconsistencies. All team members have a shared understanding of the information and how it should informinterventions.Assess & Understand•Develop and implement short‐term actions to supplement caregiver capacities to keep child safe in the home or in care.For a child in temporary care, identify when parent progress will be sufficient to return the child with an in‐home safetyplan.Plan for Child Safety•Work with the child, family, and other team members to identify appropriate interventions and the supports necessary tobuild parent protective capacities. Seek to identify what will need to happen in order for the family and its supportnetwork to succeed with maintaining changes over the long term.Plan for Family Change•Provide linkages to services and help the family navigate formal systems. Troubleshoot and advocate for access whenbarriers exist. Modify safety actions and case plans as needs change. Support the child and the family withtransitions, including alternative permanency options when reunification will not occur.Monitor & AdaptCore Practices What we will accomplish
  • www.cscbroward.orgAssessing for Feasibility of Implementingan Integrative System of CareInfluentialEntities/Partners•Engage cross-sector leaders•Focused on solvingproblem(s) but allows forcollaboration•Potential backbone org.Financial Resources•Committed funding partners•Sustained funding•Pays for neededinfrastructure & planning•Capacity buildingUrgency for Change•Critical community problem•Frustration with currentapproach•Multiple calls for change•Engaged funders/policymakers(Kania & Kramer, 2011)
  • www.cscbroward.orgCSC Abuse & Neglect System of CareFamilyStrengtheningSupporting MOMSKinshipHealthy Families• Target families at risk forchild abuse & neglect• Mothers OvercomingMaternal Stress• Supporting grandparentsand other relatives raisingchildren• Identifies high-riskindicators associated withchild abuse and neglect
  • www.cscbroward.orgRequest for Proposals• RFPs are made available every 3-4 years forservices that will meet the needs of ourcommunity– Informed by community input, trends, and data• Identified gaps continuously inform the RFPs(e.g., Homebuilders), as well as programcomponents and target populations
  • www.cscbroward.orgFamily Strengthening RFP History2001• $2,000,000• 12 programs2004• $4,500,000• 15 programs2007• $7,600,000• 17 programs• Division of prevention and post-placement programming between CSC and CBC2011• $8,800,000• 21 programs• $1Million investment in HOMEBUILDERS®
  • www.cscbroward.orgCSC Funded Programs
  • www.cscbroward.orgFamily Strengthening Referral Sources
  • www.cscbroward.orgEssential Program ComponentsHome basedservicesFlexiblescheduling24 houravailabilityFlex fundsFamilyFocusedFatherhoodInitiativesCollaborationwith DV andSA services
  • www.cscbroward.orgProtective FactorsNurturing &AttachmentParentalResilienceSocialConnectionsConcreteSupportParentalKnowledge
  • www.cscbroward.orgLow Risk ProgramsBest Practice Models:NPP & PATHome visits:2-4 times monthlyCase management Flex FundsLow RiskProgramming
  • www.cscbroward.orgModerate Risk ProgramsBest Practice Models:MST, FFT, CBT, SFBT;Special NeedsHome visits:4-8 times monthlyCase management Flex FundsModerate RiskProgramming
  • www.cscbroward.orgHigh Risk ProgramsEvidence Based Model:HOMEBUILDERS®Home visits:3-5 times weeklyIntensive CasemanagementFlex FundsHigh RiskProgramming
  • www.cscbroward.orgPerformance Measures and OutcomesAll FamilyStrengtheningProgram CompletionReduction in AbuseRatesChild DevelopmentalScreeningsGeneralReduce ParentingStress(PSI/SIPA)Improve FamilyFunctioning(NCFAS)HomebuildersOut of HomePlacementMST/FFTImprove FamilyFunctioning(FACES-IV)Reduce AggressiveBehavior(CBCL)Reduce LawViolations(JJIS Data)Improve schoolattendance ormaintain employment(school & parentreports)• TechnicalAssistance• Trainings on tools• Data integritychecks• Bi-annualoutcome analyses
  • Family StrengtheningPerformance Measures
  • www.cscbroward.orgCSC SupportContinuous Quality Assurance• Completed annually by a team ofcontract managers and researchanalyst• Case file reviews• Program Service Observation• Satisfaction Surveys• Utilization• Outcomes• Data IntegrityProgramMonitoring:
  • www.cscbroward.orgContinuous Quality Assurance• All contracts must be approved for renewal based onprogram performance and sustainabilityYearlyRenewals:• Continuous availability of contract manager totroubleshoot any program or case specific concerns• Performance Improvement Plans• Research analyst available to troubleshoot questionsregarding outcomes, training, and SAMISTechnicalAssistance:
  • The Florida Practice Model & CSC Prevention• Develop and implement short‐term actions to supplement caregiver capacities tokeep child safe in the home or in care. For a child in temporary care, identify whenparent progress will be sufficient to return the child with an in‐home safety plan.• Flex Funds, flexible scheduling, 24 hour availability• Increase parental knowledge, provide concrete supportPlan for ChildSafety• Work with the child, family, and other team members to identify appropriateinterventions and the supports necessary to build parent protective capacities.Seek to identify what will need to happen in order for the family and its supportnetwork to succeed with maintaining changes over the long term.• Home based therapeutic services, fatherhood initiatives• Increase parental knowledge, socialconnections, resilience, nurturing, and attachmentPlan for FamilyChange• Provide linkages to services and help the family navigate formal systems.Troubleshoot and advocate for access when barriers exist. Modify safetyactions and case plans as needs change. Support the child and the familywith transitions, including alternative permanency options whenreunification will not occur.• Case management, discharge planning, follow up• Concrete support and social connectionsMonitor &AdaptCore Practices What we will accomplish
  • www.cscbroward.orgReferences• Core Tenets of Florida’s Practice Model (2012). FloridaDepartment of Children and Families. Retrieved fromhttp://centerforchildwelfare2.fmhi.usf.edu/kb/trainerscorner/FlPracticeModel2012.pdf• Friedman, M. (2005). Trying Hard is Not Good Enough. FPSIPublishing.• Kania, J., & Kramer, M. (2011). Collective Impact. StanfordSocial Innovation Review, 9(1), 36-41.• U.S. Census Bureau (2012). QuickFacts: Broward County,Florida. Retrieved fromhttp://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/12/12011.html
  • Laura M. Ganci, LFMT & Melissa Stanley, MSMFT, CPPChildren’s Services Council of Broward Countylganci@cscbroward.org & mstanley@cscbroward.org954-377-1000Visit us online www.cscbroward.org | Follow us on social media @cscbroward