Ch.26 introduction to mission strategyPresentation Transcript
Introduction to MissiologyCh.26 Introduction to theStrategy and Methods of Missions
Strategy and Methods • Strategy – the overall plan, principles, or ways by which resources and opportunities will be utilized in the task • Methods – the comprehensive and flexible body of tactics or actions, the detailed means by which God’s people implement the mission imperative
Three Basic Questions• How are we doing in our efforts to evangelize the entire world?• What are our overall plans to accomplish world evangelization?• How can every church and Christian be involved?
1. How Are We Doing?• There was a radical shift in strategy in the last quarter century – From even emphasis to 10/40 window & UPG – From addition to multiplication – From Institutional to CPM• NAMB – increased focus on effective church planting• IMB – increased focus on Church Planting Movements (CPM)
Why CPM through house churches? Radical - True alternative to the institutional church as propagated by western missionaries Trans-cultural – Bible focus and simplicity of form minimizes cross- cultural dysfunction Relational – People are encouraged to relate personally rather than institutionally
The Key Reason:4.Reproducibility – not dependent upon – Particular culture – Money – Property – Specially educated leaders This Model is Foundational to most Church Planting Movements (CPM)
A Chinese CPM Example3500 3400 340,0003000 Churches Baptize d2500 Believer s 10,000+2000 churches1500 in 2003!1000 550 500 195 3 9 26 76 0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 2000
An East Asia Example4500 240,000 4300 Baptize4000 Churches d Believer3500 s30002500 20002000 120015001000 547 78 220500 28 36 0 1989 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 2000
Why the Shift in Strategy?• Pointed critique by experts – McGavran, Engel & Norton, Dayton & Fraser – Focus shifts to evangelism & church planting from institutional missions• Great Commission Christian movement – Spurred by WEF meeting in Lausanne – Led to increased cooperation among mission agencies, including SBC
Historical Perspective: Mission Strategy• NT – evangelism & CP by lay people• Ulfilas – scripture translation as primary method of reaching new people groups• Columba & Aiden – Adequate leadership training of missionary monks• Boniface – an established church sending missionaries• Medieval – Forget it!
Historical Perspective (Cont)• Bartolome de las Casas – humanitarian service (to new world indians)• Nobili & Ricci – accommodation to culture in India and China• New England missionaries – Gathering converts into new churches – Establishing Christian towns
William Carey’s Contribution: Five Principles• Widespread gospel preaching• Bible distribution in heart language• Early establishment of new churches• Careful study of indigenous culture• Training up an indigenous clergy
Venn, Anderson & Nevius• Bi-vocational leadership• Methodology appropriate to the local setting• Full-time leaders called out and supported by the local church• Culturally appropriate church architecture• Extensive training of leaders• New churches planted by existing churches
Twentieth Century Trends• Ecumenical Churches – gradualism – Dialogue, presence, seed sowing – Dominated by liberal theology – Abandoned the notion of conversion• Evangelical Churches – disciplemaking – Evangelism and church planting is key – Humanitarian efforts are supplemental – Increasing focus on UPGs and CPM
2. What Are Our Plans? An Eleven Step Model• Decide on the goal • Project results• Study the culture • Decide team roles• Define the workforce • Develop detailed• Choose methods plans• Establish • Implement plans approaches • Evaluate results • Adjust and continue
Characteristics of Effective Strategy1. Centered on Kingdom growth2. Holistic – evangelism, discipling, planting, church development, leadership training, improving the physical aspects of peoples lives3. Research Based – effective strategies are discovered – pilot projects4. Result Oriented – What is the result of executing the strategy?
Effective Missionary Methodology1. Relies on the Holy Spirit – He leads us to methods – He motivates us to use them – He grants effectiveness as we work2. Demonstrates Flexibility – Always more than one way to achieve a goal – Limited to biblically congruent methods
Effective Methodology (con’t)1. Centers on evangelism and church planting – Churches accommodated to the needs and styles of the people in that region – Churches that are “dynamically equivalent” to the churches of the NT2. Culturally Appropriate – Recognizing the cultural diversity in the world – Adjusting without compromising the message
Effective Methodology1. Incorporates the characteristic of reproducibility – The test for every activity is whether the indigenous church can multiply it in their setting
Contemporary Methodologies1. Small Groups play an important part – Cell church – House church networks – Adaptive to particular cultural settings2. Contextualized Worship to enhance evangelism3. Professional marketing approaches
Contemporary Methodologies (Cont)1. Decentralized approaches to identify, train and deploy new leaders2. Exponential increase in short-term mission experiences