Ch.18 the indigenous church


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Ch.18 the indigenous church

  1. 1. Introduction to Missiology Ch.18 – The Indigenous Church
  2. 2. Key Term - Indigenous <ul><li>Agriculture – thriving in a given location, soil, and climate </li></ul><ul><li>Church planting – thriving in the cultural “soil” of a given place; culturally appropriate. </li></ul>Indigenization – developing a church that is self-governing, self-supporting, self-propagating, and that reflects positive aspects of the local culture in its expression of Christian community and ministry.
  3. 3. Key Term – Accommodation <ul><li>Used more frequently by Roman Catholic missiologists </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: Accommodation – adapting or adjusting a culture to fit a received church tradition </li></ul>
  4. 4. Historic Indigenization <ul><li>Historically driven by outside advocates </li></ul><ul><li>Developing a church native to its culture by external control is problematic </li></ul><ul><li>Proper approach is to guide cultural insiders as they wrestle with issues of indigenization </li></ul><ul><li>When insiders seek to integrate biblical faith and local culture, they sense the need for enculturation or contextualization </li></ul>
  5. 5. Key Term – Enculturation <ul><li>More Catholic in origin </li></ul><ul><li>Def: the creative and dynamic relationship between the Christian message and a culture or cultures. </li></ul><ul><li>More specifically, it is the church practices which emerge as a result of this interaction </li></ul>
  6. 6. Key Term – Contextualization <ul><li>Ecumenical Protestant in origin </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis is on addressing the social issues in a particular context </li></ul>Contextualization – Enabling the Christian message to become alive as it addresses the core issues of a sociocultural context and transforms people’s worldview, values, and goals.
  7. 7. Three-self Formula <ul><li>Originated by Rufus Anderson (1841) and Henry Venn (1855) </li></ul><ul><li>Formula: Self-supporting, Self-governing, Self-Propagating. </li></ul><ul><li>First thoroughly applied in Korea among Presbyterians upon counsel of John L. Nevius </li></ul>
  8. 8. Roland Allen (1868-1947) <ul><li>Key issue is trusting the work of the Holy Spirit in the lives of new believers </li></ul><ul><li>Result is partnership between missionary and native church based on mutual trust </li></ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Missionary Methods: St.Paul’s or Ours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Spontaneous Expansion of the Church </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. IMC Meeting of 1938 <ul><li>Watershed event in India because of the influence of the report on proceedings </li></ul><ul><li>“ An indigenous church…rooted in obedience to Christ, spontaneously uses forms of thought and modes of action natural and familiar in its own environment.” </li></ul>
  10. 10. Self-theologizing <ul><li>A requirement for the “three-self” formula to be realized </li></ul><ul><li>Two-thirds world theologians began to introduce socio-cultural elements from their own context into the world theological dialogue </li></ul>
  11. 11. Models of Church-Mission Relationships <ul><li>Mission directs the indigenous churches </li></ul><ul><li>Mission directs the indigenous church convention by controlling key leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Mission directs the indigenous church convention by controlling funding </li></ul><ul><li>Mission and indigenous church develop and implement a shared vision </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous church divests itself of all connection to the mission agency </li></ul>
  12. 12. Missionary Obligation <ul><li>Acknowledge the dynamic role change as the national church develops </li></ul><ul><li>Foster the early emergence of local leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Proactively shift roles to enable healthy autonomy of the indigenous church </li></ul>