INFO 6800 Archives – January 14, 2013   Week Two – Brief History; Arrangement and DescriptionObjectives   1.   Highlight k...
Fisher, Rob. “In Search of a Theory of Private Archives: The Foundational Writings ofJenkinson and Schellenberg Revisited....
12. What information does the archivist need to establish series and subseries when       no original order is present?   ...
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INFO 6800 (Winter 2013) Week Two Seminar Handout

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INFO 6800 (Winter 2013) Week Two Seminar Handout

  1. 1. INFO 6800 Archives – January 14, 2013 Week Two – Brief History; Arrangement and DescriptionObjectives 1. Highlight key points in the development of archives and archival science 2. Introduce theoretical concept of respect des fonds 3. Explore practical challenges presented by arranging archival materials 4. Introduce best practices and standards for archival arrangement and descriptionDue: Sign up for seminar presentationActivities: Archival arrangement exercise (Killam 2616)Required ReadingsCook, Terry. “The Concept of the Archival Fonds: Theory, Description, and Provenancein the Post-Custodial Era.” Archivaria 35 (1993): 24-37.http://journals.sfu.ca/archivar/index.php/archivaria/article/view/11882/12835.Duranti, Luciana. “Origin and Development of the Concept of Archival Description.”Archivaria 35 (1993): 47-54.http://journals.sfu.ca/archivar/index.php/archivaria/article/view/11884/12837.Jimerson, Randall C. “Arrangement Techniques for Archives and Manuscripts.” OCLCSystems and Services 18, no. 2 (2002): 75-78.http://ezproxy.library.dal.ca/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/209774702?accountid=10406.MacNeil, Heather. “The Context is All: Describing a Fonds and its Parts in Accordancewith the Rules for Archives Description.” The Archival Fonds: From Theory to Practice(1992): 195-225.Optional ReadingsMeehan, Jennifer. “Rethinking Original Order and Personal Records.” Archivaria 70(Fall 2010): 27-44.http://journals.sfu.ca/archivar/index.php/archivaria/article/view/13294/14605. INFO 6800 Archives (Winter 2013) – Week Two Seminar | 1
  2. 2. Fisher, Rob. “In Search of a Theory of Private Archives: The Foundational Writings ofJenkinson and Schellenberg Revisited.” Archivaria 67 (Spring 2009): 1-24.http://journals.sfu.ca/archivar/index.php/archivaria/article/view/13205/14480.Prepare for Discussion 1. What kind of description was performed in ancient Greece and Rome? When and where did inventories become the primary product of description and for what purpose were they created? 2. What is perpetual memory? How does description help archival repositories serve this function? 3. During the Enlightenment, archivists began to “dismember” fonds and classify archival materials according to subject. Intellectual arrangement became joined with description, which preceded physical arrangement. What are some of the long-term challenges with this approach, and how did 19th century archivists address these challenges? 4. What are some of the influences on the evolution of description? 5. What effect did increased use of archives by the general public have on archival description in the early 20th century? 6. What is a fonds? What is the principle of respect des fonds? What are its underlying assumptions and what purpose does it serve in modern archives? 7. What are some of the qualities of archival documents that must be preserved in order to protect the value of archives as evidence? How does respect des fonds help preserve these qualities? 8. Can you think of examples where the principle of respect des fonds could distort or obscure the qualities of archival documents? What are some of the problematic assumptions underlying these qualities and their stated importance to archival theory and practice? 9. What is the starting point for archival arrangement? 10. According to Heather MacNeil (1992), how should an archivist analyze the external and internal structure of a fonds? What aspects of the creator(s) should be examined? 11. What should the archivist do if original order does not exist? INFO 6800 Archives (Winter 2013) – Week Two Seminar | 2
  3. 3. 12. What information does the archivist need to establish series and subseries when no original order is present? 13. Modern archival fonds are often large and “open” in the sense that the creator is actively creating records and making transfers to an archives. How do fonds of this nature challenge the principle of respect des fonds and what was the impact on archival description?International Council on Archives (2000). Model of the levels of arrangement of a fonds.In International Standard for Archival Description (General), p. 36.http://www.ica.org/10207/standards/isadg-general-international-standard-archival-description-second-edition.html. INFO 6800 Archives (Winter 2013) – Week Two Seminar | 3

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