Triangle Fire

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  • 1. Triangle: The Fire That Changed America Clay Brand
  • 2. Triangle Factory Shirtwaist factory Series of strikes Farbrente mayblakh – fiery girls − Clara Lemlich and her cohort Poor working conditions: − Locked doors − Few breaks − Sweatshop environment − Little pay
  • 3. The fire History of fires in the building – owner recalled at least three other occasions Many workers were in locked upper-story rooms Many workers eventually jumped out from the upper windows in an attempt to flee Insufficient fire escapes Deformed, burnt bodies often had to be identified at the morgue Cotton is extremely flammable − Fire marshall eventually concluded the fire itself was probably caused by a cigarette butt or match
  • 4. Fallout Called into question the ways of the labor system and labor safety of the US Over 140 dead In large part a lack of concern for worker safety, according to the author, led to the event.
  • 5. Reform “A century ago the idea of tackling social problems by collecting facts—as opposed to scriptural passages or philosophical tenets—was groundbreaking.” − Social reform wave Tammany Hall—transformation to pro-labor Tammany twins—Robert Wagner and Al Smith— were leaders in reform efforts. June 30, 1911: Factory Investigating Commission Law Significant legal overhauls in 1912
  • 6. Thoughts