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Triangle: The Fire That Changed America Clay Brand
Triangle Factory Shirtwaist factory Series of strikes Farbrente mayblakh – fiery girls − Clara Lemlich and her cohort Poor working conditions: − Locked doors − Few breaks − Sweatshop environment − Little pay
The fire History of fires in the building – owner recalled at least three other occasions Many workers were in locked upper-story rooms Many workers eventually jumped out from the upper windows in an attempt to flee Insufficient fire escapes Deformed, burnt bodies often had to be identified at the morgue Cotton is extremely flammable − Fire marshall eventually concluded the fire itself was probably caused by a cigarette butt or match
Fallout Called into question the ways of the labor system and labor safety of the US Over 140 dead In large part a lack of concern for worker safety, according to the author, led to the event.
Reform “A century ago the idea of tackling social problems by collecting facts—as opposed to scriptural passages or philosophical tenets—was groundbreaking.” − Social reform wave Tammany Hall—transformation to pro-labor Tammany twins—Robert Wagner and Al Smith— were leaders in reform efforts. June 30, 1911: Factory Investigating Commission Law Significant legal overhauls in 1912