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UNESCO OER Way Forward @ eLearning Africa 2008
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UNESCO OER Way Forward @ eLearning Africa 2008

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"A Way Forward for Open Educational Resources: deliberations of an international community." Presentation given by Catriona Savage (UNESCO) at the MERLOT Africa Network's First Pan-African Forum on …

"A Way Forward for Open Educational Resources: deliberations of an international community." Presentation given by Catriona Savage (UNESCO) at the MERLOT Africa Network's First Pan-African Forum on OER and OA, eLearning Africa, Accra, Ghana on 28 May 2008.

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  • Transcript

    • 1. MAN First Pan-African Forum on OER 28 May 2008 Accra, Ghana A Way Forward for Open Educational Resources Deliberations of an international community Catriona Savage UNESCO
    • 2. Structure of the session
      • OER: an overview and some examples
      • UNESCO: its mission and action on OER
      • An international community: the UNESCO IIEP initiative
      • The community speaks: the Way Forward
      • Conclusion: next steps
    • 3. OER: a definition
      • Web-based materials offered freely and openly for use and reuse in teaching, learning and research
      • (UNESCO, 2002)
      • Only open if they are released under an open licence
      • Includes any tool, material or technique used to support access to knowledge
    • 4. OER: milestones in the movement
      • 1998: “open content” and the Open Publication License
      • 2001: founding of Creative Commons
      • 2001: MIT announces OpenCourseWare
    • 5. The Cape Town Declaration
      • “…a statement of principle, a statement of strategy and a statement of commitment … meant to spark dialogue, to inspire action and to help the open education movement grow.”
      • (Cape Town Open Education Declaration, 2008)
    • 6.
      • What approaches have providers taken to making content freely and openly available?
    • 7.  
    • 8. MIT OpenCourseWare
      • Institutional, faculty response to challenge of online education
      • 2002: launched 50-course pilot
      • 2008: almost all course materials available for over 2,000 subjects
      • An adventure! (Charles Vest)
    • 9.  
    • 10. Rice University Connexions
      • Individual response to limitations of traditional textbooks
      • The vision: “textbooks adapted to many learning styles and translated into myriad languages… textbooks that are continually updated and corrected by a legion of contributors” (Rich Baraniuk)
      • The result: an environment for developing, sharing and publishing academic content on the web
    • 11.  
    • 12. University of the Western Cape Free Courseware Project
      • Promoting use of OER by UWC students and staff
      • Creating and publishing free and open educational resources
      • Raising awareness about free and open access to knowledge in wider community
    • 13.  
    • 14. University of Cape Town
      • OpeningScholarship – research into potential impact of OER and Open Access
      • Health OER – partnership with University of Michigan and University of Ghana to create OER for medicine and health sciences
    • 15.  
    • 16. African Virtual University OER Architecture
      • Aims to promote collaborative partnerships among African institutions for the four elements of the OER ‘evolutionary process’:
        • Creation
        • Organization
        • Dissemination
        • Utilization
    • 17.
      • What action is UNESCO taking?
    • 18. UNESCO: five strategic objectives
      • Capacity builder in Member States
      • Laboratory of ideas
      • Catalyst for international cooperation
      • Clearinghouse
      • Standard setter
    • 19. OER: the need for awareness raising
      • Potential of OER to contribute to:
        • Education for All
        • Building knowledge societies – especially ‘knowledge-sharing societies’
      • But…
      • No awareness of availability  resources not utilized and potential of OER not realized
    • 20. A donor vision: the Hewlett change strategy
      • Aim: to equalize access to knowledge through:
        • Sponsoring high quality content
        • Understanding and stimulating use
        • Removing barriers
    • 21. Aims of the IIEP OER initiative
      • International dialogue and information exchange
      • Linking people who might not otherwise meet
      • Creating an international OER community
    • 22. Steps in the creation of a community
      • Forum 1: an introduction to OER
      • Short discussions on key topics
        • OER research agenda
        • A ‘Do-It-Yourself/Do-It-Together’ resource for developing capacity
        • FOSS for OER
      • Forum 2: OECD study on OER
      • Resources made available on website and wiki
    • 23.  
    • 24.
      • After two years of intense reflection and discussion, what did the community have to say about the priorities for advancing the OER movement?
    • 25. What are the characteristics of the community?
      • 600+ members
      • 98 countries
      • 67 developing countries
    • 26. Who are the African community members?
      • 27 countries
      • 100+ members
      • 60% from Southern and Eastern Africa
      • Over 50% from 3 countries – South Africa, Nigeria and Kenya
    • 27. Community members… organizations represented
      • Over 50% from higher education institutions
      • Over 20% from international organizations and NGOs
      • Africa mirrors overall community breakdown
    • 28. Community members… positions held
      • Almost 40% hold high-level positions
      • Almost 20% are teaching professionals
      • In Africa teachers largest group, then decision-makers
    • 29. What are the issues?
      • Advancing the movement
      • Awareness raising
      • Communities and networking
      • Research
      • Enabling creation and re-use
      • Policies
      • Standards
      • Technology tools
      • Quality assurance
      • Capacity development
      • Enabling learning with OER
      • Learning support services
      • Assessment of learning
      • Removing barriers to OER
      • Accessibility
      • Copyright and licensing
      • Financing
      • Sustainability
    • 30. What are the priorities?
    • 31. What are the priorities for Africa?
    • 32. Which stakeholders should take action?
      • Higher education institutions
      • International organizations
      • National government
      • Academics
      • A key stakeholder role…
      • …be an OER champion!
    • 33. The Way Forward: 6 priorities
      • Advancing the movement
      • Awareness raising at all levels
      • Community building and network development
      • Enabling creation and re-use
      • Developing capacity through a DIY/DIT resource
      • Quality assurance – develop guidelines
      • Removing barriers
      • Sustainability models to ensure viability of initiatives
      • Copyright and licensing
    • 34. What is the way forward for UNESCO?
      • Create network of nodes for local awareness raising and development
      • Continue community as international forum for discussion
      • Focus on awareness raising through international reach of UNESCO and the community itself
    • 35. Join the community
      • Email
      • [email_address]
      • Consult the resources
      • Wiki
      • http://oerwiki.iiep-unesco.org

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