Voice-over Narration Occupational Therapy and the Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court: An Interprofessional Approach Completed by Arist Maness and Dana Harrison Students of the Masters of Sciences in Occupational Therapy Program at Jefferson College of Health Sciences in Roanoke, Virginia.
Voice over Narration Occupational therapy has been shown as an effective method of treatment in the promotion of health and wellness in community settings. Our goal today, in this 9 minute presentation, is to provide information to you, the CSA Coordinator on the profession of occupational therapy, and how occupational therapy services could benefit juveniles of the Juvenile and Domestic Relations court by: 1 serving juveniles who lack effective services and 2 providing cost-effective service delivery
Voice-over Narration: Within the Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court System, there are three specific populations that could benefit from occupational therapy services. These populations include: Children in Need of Services aka CHINS, delinquency, and dependency. The common denominator within these populations are these juveniles are failing in an important aspect of their lives. For each juvenile the aspect will vary along with the treatment approach. Occupational therapy services for these juveniles could promote positive change by providing healthy, safe, productive, and socially acceptable activities instead of previously poor choices. Early introduction of services and interventions that target more than one risk factor provides the juvenile with the best opportunity for leading a fulfilling and successful life.
Voice-over Narration Occupational therapists must be registered nationally by the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy also known as the NBCOT and licensed by the Virginia Board of Medicine. Occupational therapists education consists of, but is not limited to background knowledge in the areas of mental health, pathology, activities of daily living training and retraining, physical disabilities, cognitive disabilities, problem solving strategies, use of adaptive devices, and application of standardized assessments. Occupational therapy practitioners work with clients of all ages and functional abilities. Throughout the education process occupational therapists learn to develop a holistic treatment approach that addresses a client’s individual needs and deficits. This treatment approach consists of a full evaluation, which leads to a detailed individualized treatment plan, formulated to implement both short and long-term goals. Reassessment of progress and goal attainment are completed on a regular basis to ensure all needs of the client are being met. If goals are not being met, reassessment, treatment plan modifications, and goal adjustments are made. Practitioners use evaluation findings to diagnose occupational performance and participation based on appropriate theories, models of practice, frames of reference, and interdisciplinary knowledge. Intervention plans and strategies are always occupation-based, culturally relevant, reflective of current occupational therapy practice and evidence based.
Voice over narration: As mentioned previously, occupational therapists are not limited to treating one age group, however for the purpose of your program’s needs, we will focus on the youth population. Occupational therapists are educated and trained in the developmental milestones of newborns through adolescence and implementation of evidence based treatment approaches. Occupational therapy’s roots began in the mental health setting in 1917 by addressing occupational performance and life skills. Diagnoses and conditions commonly treated by occupational therapists includes but is not limited to: cognitive disorders, developmental disorders, mental illness, emotional disturbances, and substance abuse. When treating clients of this population, treatment sessions can occur in a variety of settings. Using a holistic treatment approach, addressing the clients individual needs, treatment sessions could occur at home, school, in the community, or in an outpatient clinic.
Approaches occupational therapy practitioners may take in the juvenile population of the Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court includes but is not limited to: problem solving skills, development of self-esteem, pre-vocational skills, and coping techniques. Youth violence has been noted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as the second leading cause of death among youth aged 15 to 24 years of age and the leading cause for African-American youth of the same age group. Acts of violence could include; bullying, verbal threats, physical assault, domestic abuse, and gunfire. The American Occupational Therapy Association promotes occupational therapy practitioners in having the societal duty and expertise to respond to youth violence by promoting overall health and well-being among youth. Violence and its preceding factors can deprive youth of necessary and meaningful occupations, leaving them insufficiently prepared for their future. Positive change can occur by providing youth with opportunities to replace poor occupational choices with healthy, safe, productive, and socially acceptable activities.
Occupational therapy services could be a cost-effective strategy for CSA Coordinators and the Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court system. Occupational Therapy services are sometimes viewed as an expensive option, however when viewing the potential benefits the cost becomes beneficial in the long run. Early Intervention is always most beneficial; and when discovering the most effective intervention for each individual child as early as possible, monies wasted on ineffective interventions could equal more than the cost of occupational therapy services. When employing an occupational therapist, based on the demand, the practitioner may not be employed as full-time, but like many professionals, on an as needed or contract basis. Lastly, Occupational therapy services are reimbursable by private insurance companies, Medicaid, and local, state and federal grants. The therapy funding cap for occupational therapy services under Medicaid for 2012 is $1,880 for each year. That $1,880 could provide for treatment that does not come out of the CSA Coordinators budget.
In conclusion we hope we have provided you with a new view on occupational therapy and populations within your area we could benefit and different strategies showing occupational therapy services to be cost effective for you the CSA coordinator. Occupational therapy is unique in the fact that its practitioners are extensively trained to assess clients, create an individualized treatment plan with both short and long-term goals, and provide re-evaluations in a timely manner to ensure that the interventions being provided are beneficial and effective. Through the application of core values, knowledge, and skills to assist clients to engage in everyday activities or occupations that they want and need to do in a manner that supports health and participation, Occupational Therapy could benefit at risk youth. We encourage you to consider utilizing occupational therapy’s individualized, holistic, and client-centered approach to better serve each of your client’s unique situations. Thank you.
CSA Study 2012
Occupational Therapy and the Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court: An Interprofessional Approach Arist Maness, OTS Dana Harrison, OTS
Goals of Presentation <ul><li>Educate on the profession of occupational therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Educate on the potential benefits of occupational therapy services by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Serving juveniles who lack effective services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing cost-effective service delivery </li></ul></ul>
Addressing Your Needs <ul><li>Populations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CHINS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delinquency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dependency </li></ul></ul>Common Denominator: Juveniles failing in an important aspect of their lives. www2.greene-news.com
What is Occupational Therapy? <ul><li>Nationally Registered </li></ul><ul><li>State Licensed </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive Educational Background </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intervention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outcomes </li></ul></ul>visualphotos.com
What is Occupational Therapy <ul><li>Population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infants & Children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adolescents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teens </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Settings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outpatient Clinic </li></ul></ul>http://allsuperdesign.com/backyard-playground-ideas/kids-playgrounds/
Benefits of Occupational Therapy <ul><li>Intervention Approaches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem solving skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of self-esteem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-vocational skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coping techniques </li></ul></ul>http://www.eduguide.org/library/viewarticle/2132/
Why Choose Occupational Therapy? <ul><li>Cost Effective </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Part-time versus Full-time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective Early Intervention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Payment Options </li></ul></ul>americanlutheran.net
In Conclusion <ul><li>Identified Populations to Serve </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies to be Cost Effective </li></ul><ul><li>Uniqueness of Occupational Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Thank You </li></ul><ul><li>For More Information click here: www.aota.org </li></ul>