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Most watermark methods use pixel values or coefficients as the judgment condition to embed or
extract a watermark image. The variation of these values may lead to the inaccurate condition
such that an incorrect judgment has been laid out. To avoid this problem, we design a stable
judgment mechanism, in which the outcome will not be seriously influenced by the variation.
The principle of judgment depends on the scale relationship of two pixels. From the observation
of common signal processing operations, we can find that the pixel value of processed image
usually keeps stable unless an image has been manipulated by cropping attack or halftone
transformation. This can greatly help reduce the modification strength from image processing
operations. Experiment results show that the proposed method can resist various attacks and
keep the image quality friendly.