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This paper presents the system for the strategic storage of gas imposed by the
Act on Fuel Reserves and evaluates its compliance with the relevant provisions of
EU law, in particular the so-called 2nd and 3rd Internal Energy Market Packages.
Unlike the case of legislation on strategic oil stocks, EU legislation on gas does
not impose on Member States any obligation to maintain strategic reserves of gas.
Furthermore, Member States are obliged to implement common rules establishing
an internal market in natural gas including Third Party Access (TPA) to storage
facilities. However, Member States are allowed to impose on undertakings operating
in the gas sector, in the general economic interest, public service obligations which
may relate to supply security, and EU law recognizes the contribution of gas
storage to the security of supply. Thus, the objective of this article is to evaluate whether the Act on Fuel Reserves as well as the amendments to it proposed by
the Polish Ministry of the Economy are in line with the relevant provisions of EU
law. The analysis includes the position of the Court of Justice presented in several
judgements as regards the concept of public service obligations.