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Ever since the Croatian Competition Agency started functioning in 1997, public
enforcement of competition law has been the norm. Civil actions for breaches of
competition law have been the exception in Croatia. The existing legislation in the
area of competition law makes no effort to incentivise private enforcement. There
are no specific rules in the Competition Act 2009 dedicated to civil actions, except a
single provision that assigns jurisdiction over damages claims to commercial courts.
General tort law is applicable in order to prove damages. A number of issues arise
here mostly due to the complexity of competition cases. These issues were described
in the European Commission’s White Paper on Damages Actions for Breach of
EC Antitrust Rules (2008). The level of uncertainty as regards the outcome of the
claim is high. It seems that special rules need to be adopted in Croatia in order
to improve the position of the injured side. The paper deals with a number of
procedural and substantive law issues relevant to the facilitation of civil proceedings
for antitrust damages. A domestic law perspective is applied taking into account
recent developments in EU competition law and policy.