San Bernardino County Remixing History Chris Shamburg November 2011 cshamburg@gmail.com
“ O”
Medium <ul><li>Medium: a means of effectively conveying something. </li></ul><ul><li>--Merriam Webster Dictionary </li></ul>
“ O”
“ O” Sad
“ O” Angry
“ O” Surprised
“ O” You stubbed your toe
“ O” You remembered something important
“ O” You just won a game
<ul><li>Context:  The situation or conditions in which something exists or occurs which can affect its meaning. </li></ul>
She wanted to fight for her country.
She  wanted  to fight for her country.
She wanted to  fight  for her country.
She wanted to fight for  her  country.
Technology <ul><li>Context </li></ul><ul><li>Medium </li></ul>
She wanted to fight for her country.
 
What we did… <ul><li>Imported an existing audio file and made it a track. </li></ul><ul><li>Recorded an original audio tra...
DIY Media DIY Ethos: Allows ordinary people to pursue what had hitherto been professional tasks.  It’s the empowerment of ...
DIY Media 1970 2011
DIY Media and  Student-Centered  Learning
Bringing Primary Sources to Life
Original Recording <ul><li>February 12, 1850 </li></ul><ul><li>To J. C. Fairchild and Family, </li></ul><ul><li>I think we...
Foley Art <ul><li>Here are some examples of other Foley techniques: </li></ul><ul><li>*Army Marching: Boots on wood, repea...
Garageband or Audacity  or any other audio editing program Audacity Download is here http:// audacity.sourceforge.net / Ga...
They all look something like this… Track 1 Track 2 5  10  15  20  25  30  Generic video of audio editing
Start your program, get ready to record your voice. <ul><li>Audacity (open and record) </li></ul><ul><li>GarageBand (choos...
Narration
Add Music Audacity p. 23 GarageBand p. 33
Project: Dramatizing Primary Sources   <ul><li>Pick a Source  </li></ul><ul><li>“ Gold Rush” and follow along the step by ...
Go to it… <ul><li>Record original sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Import existing audio </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulate Tracks </li>...
Megatrax.com
http:// memory.loc.gov /
Soungle.com
Resources for Extensions <ul><li>http:// www.megatrax.com   Source of music for projects. </li></ul><ul><li>http:// memory...
Other History Audio Projects
Remixing Primary Sources Page 93 http://podcourse.blogspot.com/primary-source.htm
Audio Tour Page 115 http://podcourse.blogspot.com/2008/11/audio-tour.html
Youth Radio Page 115 www.youthradio.org/environmental/061205_air.shtml
Historical Interview page 115 http://podcourse.blogspot.com/2008/04/historic-interview.html
Remix to Research Remix: to take cultural artifacts and  manipulate them into new kinds of creative blends
Some Examples of Contemporary Remix Practices  http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =-ek9CchVpWE   http://www.archive.org/detai...
Remix as a Lens
Remix to Research <ul><li>Digital Documentaries </li></ul><ul><li>Create a Persuasive Video / Send a Video to your Represe...
Persuasive Video <ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =idh5-P2fmQM </li></ul>Was the United States Justified in droppin...
Organizer for Digital Storytelling Projects
Assessment  Rubric
13 Colonies <ul><li>It is 1740. You become a recruiting agent hired by one of the colonies to attract new immigrants. Your...
13 Colonies <ul><li>New Jersey has been relatively free from Indian wars  </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey, as the other Middl...
Digital Storytelling Technology Handouts <ul><li>PC: PhotoStory </li></ul><ul><li>Mac: GarageBand of iMovie </li></ul>
http:// is.gd/colonialimages
Some Legal and Ethical Notes on Getting Existing Media: Fair Use <ul><li>Four Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Nature of the use ...
Derivative or Transformational
Some Technical Notes
 
<ul><li>Some Technical Notes on Getting Video </li></ul>
Working with Video: Trailers <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLD41EDDA0908BB486  </li></ul>
Brainstorming Trailer:  Dred Scott, the Movie <ul><li>Dred Scott was a slave who appealed to the Supreme Court in 1856 to ...
Trailer Elements <ul><li>Compelling Title </li></ul><ul><li>Images, Video, Titles </li></ul><ul><li>First Line Hook </li><...
4-5 lines about the story.  Lines the narrator will say  <ul><li>He was a man yearning for freedom and his family </li></u...
Write 4-5 lines from primary sources Lines people said or wrote during the time that the ‘characters’ say. <ul><li>“ The L...
BONUS: Add Original Media <ul><li>Create  original images or videos based on one of the lines in the primary source.  Act ...
Make a Trailer for a Movie <ul><li>Topics:  </li></ul><ul><li>Dred Scott </li></ul><ul><li>Whiskey Rebellion </li></ul><ul...
Shift  <ul><li>Growing focus over last 40 years from Reading to 21st Century Literacy </li></ul>
<ul><li>Reading: </li></ul><ul><li>Internal  </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy:  </li></ul><ul><li>Co...
Participatory Culture <ul><li>Jenkins Video </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =bhGBfuyN5gg   </li></ul>
 
1,500,000 Hours of Programming On Major TV networks from 1948-2008
On Major TV networks from 1948-2008 On YouTube from  July–December 2008 1,500,000 Hours of Programming
With great power, comes great responsibility
UDL
An Overview of Universal Design for Learning (UDL)
UDL in Plain Language Think of a teacher who communicates clearly, sparks student interest, and cares about every student ...
Give that teacher the tools and encouragement to do all of these things better and then make this a systematic model for a...
Why We Need UDL:  A Student's Perspective  View the video at: http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =iFsRirR17oU
UDL is… A set of research-based guidelines for curriculum development. Guidelines that focus on: Multiple means of represe...
--Arne Duncan, US Secretary of Education  Letter to Congress Introducing  the National Educational Technology Plan http://...
NOTE: The difference between UDL and differentiation UDL  works on curriculum from the ground up.  It's bigger, better, an...
More Information: UDLcenter.org
San Bernardino County Remixing History DAY 2 Chris Shamburg November 2011
Three men were killed and thrown across me.
Remixing the Gettysburg Address <ul><li>Remixing Primary Sources: The Gettysburg Address </li></ul><ul><li>This project us...
All media for today Is.gd/sanbmedia   Download Audacity http:// audacity.sourceforge.net
Remixing History as an Educational Activity <ul><li>DIY Media </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Re...
Remix… <ul><li>to take cultural artifacts and manipulate them into new kinds of creative blends </li></ul>Steal? Borrow? M...
Some Examples of Contemporary Remix Practices  http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =-ek9CchVpWE   http://www.archive.org/detai...
Food
Remix as a Lens
Daniel Pink and Thomas Friedman on Globalization and Education <ul><li>Friedman : The assignment can be: “Mash these two t...
Remix and Mashups http:// maps.google.com/maps/ms?ie =UTF8&hl= en&msa =0&msid=215454646984933465708.00049c59184ae1136341a
Remixing Primary Sources Page 93 http://podcourse.blogspot.com/primary-source.htm
Remix the Battle of Gettysburg <ul><li>Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address </li></ul><ul><li>Letter from Manley Stacey, Corporal ...
Remixing History as an Educational Activity <ul><li>Remixing Primary Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Mainstream History (laws, d...
Remixing Gettysburg <ul><li>Import Sam Waterston’s Gettysburg Address Reading. </li></ul><ul><li>Add music. </li></ul><ul>...
Primary Source: Video <ul><li>latenightcabdriving (Photographer). (2011).  A picture I took yesterday in Tahrir Square, Ca...
Connecting Past and Present Amendment I Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting...
www.megatrax.com Username:sbcsshistory Password:sbcsshistory Click ‘sign in’
 
Some Legal and Ethical Notes on Getting Existing Media: Fair Use <ul><li>Four Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Nature of the use ...
Derivative or Transformational
Some Technical Notes
 
<ul><li>Some Technical Notes on Getting Video </li></ul>
Machinima http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =0JTFgOIhdzs
http:// abclocal.go.com/wpvi/story?section =news/ health&id =6560904
Machinima and Presentism: Dialoguing with the Past The Conversation President Obama: 0-10 George Washington: 11-22 Preside...
Some Further Ideas <ul><li>RO to RW (Lessig, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Spectatory Culture to Participatory Culture (Jenkins,...
Culture and Social Implications <ul><li>Jenkins Video </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =bhGBfuyN5gg   </l...
Photoshopping
<ul><li>http://www.nppa.org/professional_development/business_practices/ethics.html </li></ul>
Presidential Primaries, 2004. John Kerry June 1971. Jane Fonda1972 .
  Adnan Hajj’s image of Israeli bombing of Beirut, 2006, Reuters News Service
Women removed from Israeli Cabinet for Conservative newspaper  Yated Neeman  
TV Guide put Oprah’s head on Ann Margret’s body.
Ralph Lauren Apologized for this extreme touchup in 2009
Iranian Missile Testing, 2008
Research 2007 /  Tienamin Square, 1989. A study, published in the journal Applied Cognitive Psychology,.
The Leader
Britian at War Exhibit, London, 2010
Time Magazine, March 2007, tear added
The Kentucky state Republican Party distributed campaign flyers that depict Steve Beshear, the Democratic nominee for Gove...
French Prime Minister in French Magazine Paris Match, August 2007, had some virtual liposuction
 
Famous portrait of President Lincoln is a composite of Lincoln’s head and the southern Senator John Calhoun’s body
General Ulysses S. Grant in front of his troops at City Point, Virginia.  Library of Congress Researchers discovered it wa...
Senator Millard Tydings’ a critic of Joseph McCarthy lost his reelection after this doctored photo of him with the leader ...
Unfriending Stalin, 1930 Mao Tse-tung,  1936 Hitler, 1937
Justice Minister Rachida Dati in the French newspaper Le Figaro in June, 2008
Obama v BP, 2010
Standards for Journalists
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  • Maybe “She wanted to fight for her country.”
  • Maybe “She wanted to fight for her country.”
  • Maybe “She wanted to fight for her country.”
  • Learner Centered
  • Participation in culture With Great Power Comes Great Responsibility
  • Remixing History in San Bernardino

    1. 1. San Bernardino County Remixing History Chris Shamburg November 2011 cshamburg@gmail.com
    2. 2. “ O”
    3. 3. Medium <ul><li>Medium: a means of effectively conveying something. </li></ul><ul><li>--Merriam Webster Dictionary </li></ul>
    4. 4. “ O”
    5. 5. “ O” Sad
    6. 6. “ O” Angry
    7. 7. “ O” Surprised
    8. 8. “ O” You stubbed your toe
    9. 9. “ O” You remembered something important
    10. 10. “ O” You just won a game
    11. 11. <ul><li>Context: The situation or conditions in which something exists or occurs which can affect its meaning. </li></ul>
    12. 12. She wanted to fight for her country.
    13. 13. She wanted to fight for her country.
    14. 14. She wanted to fight for her country.
    15. 15. She wanted to fight for her country.
    16. 16. Technology <ul><li>Context </li></ul><ul><li>Medium </li></ul>
    17. 17. She wanted to fight for her country.
    18. 19. What we did… <ul><li>Imported an existing audio file and made it a track. </li></ul><ul><li>Recorded an original audio track. </li></ul><ul><li>Shifted tracks. </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulated tracks. </li></ul><ul><li>Made a few mistakes and easily fixed them. </li></ul><ul><li>Identified a good source for existing audio, Megetrax.com. </li></ul><ul><li>Explored the connection among medium, context, technology and meaning . </li></ul>
    19. 20. DIY Media DIY Ethos: Allows ordinary people to pursue what had hitherto been professional tasks. It’s the empowerment of non-specialists…from home improvement to media production. (Knobel and Lankshear, 2010)
    20. 21. DIY Media 1970 2011
    21. 22. DIY Media and Student-Centered Learning
    22. 23. Bringing Primary Sources to Life
    23. 24. Original Recording <ul><li>February 12, 1850 </li></ul><ul><li>To J. C. Fairchild and Family, </li></ul><ul><li>I think we are in the poorest diggings in the country and we have made as much this winter as any store in Madison can make in a year. About four weeks ago the river rose very high and drove us on the highest part of the bar where we supposed there was no gold of any consequence, but to our surprise we found it the richest part so we all took our ground and went to work, since that it has not rained and we have all done well. Ed & I have taken out over Twelve hundred dollars or over 2 ounces a day which is good wages… </li></ul><ul><li>I remain Your affectionate Friend, Son, & Brother, Lucius Fairchild </li></ul>Narrator 1: February 12, 1850 Narrator 2: To J. C. Fairchild and Family, Narrator 3: I think we are in the poorest diggings in the country and we have made as much this winter as any store in Madison can make in a year. Narrator 1: About four weeks ago the river rose very high and drove us on the highest part of the bar where we supposed there was no gold of any consequence, Narrator 2: but to our surprise we found it the richest part so we all took our ground and went to work, Narrator 3: since that it has not rained and we have all done well. Ed & I have taken out over Twelve hundred dollars or over 2 ounces a day which is good wages… ALL: I remain Your affectionate Friend, Son, & Brother, Lucius Fairchild From California As I Saw It: First-Person Narratives of California's Early Years, 1849-1900. The California Letters of Lucius Fairchild. Library of Congress’s American Memories Project retrieved January 4, 2006 from http:// memory.loc.gov / Pg. 23, Student Powered Podcasting Script Version
    24. 25. Foley Art <ul><li>Here are some examples of other Foley techniques: </li></ul><ul><li>*Army Marching: Boots on wood, repeated and looped </li></ul><ul><li>*Shovels: Spoons in sand or pebbles </li></ul><ul><li>*pick ax: Pipes or metal spoons </li></ul><ul><li>Applause: 2-3 People clapping, repeated and looped </li></ul><ul><li>*Knocking on door: Knocking on desk or wood </li></ul><ul><li>*Time bomb Ticking: Clock </li></ul><ul><li>*Airplane Engine: Fan starting and running </li></ul><ul><li>*Helicopter: Opening and closing an umbrella very fast </li></ul><ul><li>*Bones breaking: cracking celery or carrots </li></ul><ul><li>*Knight moving in armor: A set of keys moving </li></ul><ul><li>*Walking in snow: patting corn starch </li></ul><ul><li>*Dinosaur, monster, or large animal eating: Chewing Watermelon </li></ul><ul><li>*Elevator door closing: closing a desk draw or filing cabinet </li></ul><ul><li>*Boiling Water: Blowing bubbles with straw </li></ul><ul><li>*Horses: paper coffee cups on table </li></ul><ul><li>Short video on Foley Art </li></ul>http://youtu.be/UNvKhe2npMM
    25. 26. Garageband or Audacity or any other audio editing program Audacity Download is here http:// audacity.sourceforge.net / Garageband or Audacity for Mac Audacity, any version, 1.2.6 is the ‘classic’ Audacity for Mac is here http:// audacity.sourceforge.net/download/mac GarageBand is on your Mac
    26. 27. They all look something like this… Track 1 Track 2 5 10 15 20 25 30 Generic video of audio editing
    27. 28. Start your program, get ready to record your voice. <ul><li>Audacity (open and record) </li></ul><ul><li>GarageBand (choose create new Podcast Episode and recrod) </li></ul>
    28. 29. Narration
    29. 30. Add Music Audacity p. 23 GarageBand p. 33
    30. 31. Project: Dramatizing Primary Sources <ul><li>Pick a Source </li></ul><ul><li>“ Gold Rush” and follow along the step by step in the book </li></ul><ul><li>“ Paul Revere” and improvise from the book instructions (handout) </li></ul><ul><li>Record Narration </li></ul><ul><li>One person read </li></ul><ul><li>Create script with multiple readers </li></ul><ul><li>Add Sound Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Use one from the ‘pack’ </li></ul><ul><li>Search, download and import a new one on soungle.com </li></ul><ul><li>Make </li></ul><ul><li>Add Music </li></ul><ul><li>Choose and use one from the “pack” </li></ul><ul><li>Explore and download from megatrax.com </li></ul><ul><li>http:// is.gd/sanbmedia All Media Here </li></ul>
    31. 32. Go to it… <ul><li>Record original sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Import existing audio </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulate Tracks </li></ul><ul><li>Shift tracks </li></ul><ul><li>p. 29 for GarageBand </li></ul><ul><li>p. 20 for Audacity </li></ul><ul><li>Or…Learn it via Trial and Error </li></ul>
    32. 33. Megatrax.com
    33. 34. http:// memory.loc.gov /
    34. 35. Soungle.com
    35. 36. Resources for Extensions <ul><li>http:// www.megatrax.com Source of music for projects. </li></ul><ul><li>http:// memory.loc.gov Resource for primary sources in American history. </li></ul><ul><li>http:// soungle.com Source for sound effects. </li></ul><ul><li>http:// audacity.sourceforge.net </li></ul><ul><li>http:// is.gd/sanbmedia </li></ul>
    36. 37. Other History Audio Projects
    37. 38. Remixing Primary Sources Page 93 http://podcourse.blogspot.com/primary-source.htm
    38. 39. Audio Tour Page 115 http://podcourse.blogspot.com/2008/11/audio-tour.html
    39. 40. Youth Radio Page 115 www.youthradio.org/environmental/061205_air.shtml
    40. 41. Historical Interview page 115 http://podcourse.blogspot.com/2008/04/historic-interview.html
    41. 42. Remix to Research Remix: to take cultural artifacts and manipulate them into new kinds of creative blends
    42. 43. Some Examples of Contemporary Remix Practices http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =-ek9CchVpWE http://www.archive.org/details/DjDangerMouse-TheGreyAlbum http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =UtEH6wZXPA4 http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =8rVVM7cJR40&amp;list=PLAF5FE856762CBA8C&amp;index=3 http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =dnhKPw2NXIw http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =2T5_0AGdFic
    43. 44. Remix as a Lens
    44. 45. Remix to Research <ul><li>Digital Documentaries </li></ul><ul><li>Create a Persuasive Video / Send a Video to your Representative </li></ul><ul><li>13 Colonies </li></ul>
    45. 46. Persuasive Video <ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =idh5-P2fmQM </li></ul>Was the United States Justified in dropping the atomic bomb on Japan during WWII? Should the Confederate Flag be banned? Does the constitution support the right for individuals to keep and carry firearms?
    46. 47. Organizer for Digital Storytelling Projects
    47. 48. Assessment Rubric
    48. 49. 13 Colonies <ul><li>It is 1740. You become a recruiting agent hired by one of the colonies to attract new immigrants. Your task is to educate and persuade settlers to come to your colony. You will be able to do this by making a TV commercial. Your commercial must reflect the attributes of the assigned colony. You must address the issues of natural resources, economy, religion, relations with Indians, and reasons for settling. </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =WLH0vh4Ea5o&feature= colike </li></ul>
    49. 50. 13 Colonies <ul><li>New Jersey has been relatively free from Indian wars </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey, as the other Middle colonists, were a mixture of religions, including Quakers, Catholics, Lutherans, Jewish, and others. </li></ul><ul><li>East Jersey and West Jersey, until they were united as a royal colony in 1702. </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1664 the area was guaranteeing religious freedom </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey is one of the most successful farming areas on the continent </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey is about 150 miles long and 70 miles wide </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey grows wheat, barley, oats, rye, and corn. The Middle Colonies were often </li></ul><ul><li>Wheat could be ground to make flour, and both wheat and flour could be sold in other colonies or in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey was more ethnically diverse than many other colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey has all four seasons, heat in summer, snow in winter, turning leaves in fall, and new growth in spring. </li></ul><ul><li>http:// is.gd/colonialimages </li></ul>
    50. 51. Digital Storytelling Technology Handouts <ul><li>PC: PhotoStory </li></ul><ul><li>Mac: GarageBand of iMovie </li></ul>
    51. 52. http:// is.gd/colonialimages
    52. 53. Some Legal and Ethical Notes on Getting Existing Media: Fair Use <ul><li>Four Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Nature of the use </li></ul><ul><li>Amount and character of the material </li></ul><ul><li>Amount </li></ul><ul><li>Effect on the market </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of Copyright Confusion </li></ul><ul><li>http://youtu.be/fAhWMU1TdvE </li></ul>
    53. 54. Derivative or Transformational
    54. 55. Some Technical Notes
    55. 57. <ul><li>Some Technical Notes on Getting Video </li></ul>
    56. 58. Working with Video: Trailers <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLD41EDDA0908BB486 </li></ul>
    57. 59. Brainstorming Trailer: Dred Scott, the Movie <ul><li>Dred Scott was a slave who appealed to the Supreme Court in 1856 to be freed. Scott’s case was based on the fact that he had lived in states and territories where slavery was illegal. The court ruled that Scott could not be free. The Supreme Court ruled that all blacks, slaves as well as free could never become citizens of the United State. The case and decision brought the plight of slaves to greater national attention and fueled abolitionists. </li></ul>
    58. 60. Trailer Elements <ul><li>Compelling Title </li></ul><ul><li>Images, Video, Titles </li></ul><ul><li>First Line Hook </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator Description </li></ul><ul><li>Alternating with </li></ul><ul><li>Quotes/Scenes from the Movie </li></ul><ul><li>(we will use primary sources </li></ul><ul><li>Other Elements </li></ul><ul><li>Parts of reviews, cast, director, etc… </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘Preview has been Approved’ message </li></ul><ul><li>Film Company Logo </li></ul>
    59. 61. 4-5 lines about the story. Lines the narrator will say <ul><li>He was a man yearning for freedom and his family </li></ul><ul><li>In a world consumed by slavery </li></ul><ul><li>He took his case to the highest court in the land </li></ul><ul><li>But some battles need to be lost, so the war can be won. </li></ul>http://youtu.be/7QPMvj_xejg
    60. 62. Write 4-5 lines from primary sources Lines people said or wrote during the time that the ‘characters’ say. <ul><li>“ The Legislation of the Republic is in the hands of this handful of Slaveholders!” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The conspiracy is nearly completed.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The American Congress has no power to prevent the enslavement of men?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Compact yourselves together for the struggle which threatens your liberty and will test your manhood!” </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; want freedom from myself and my family! “ (hypothetical) </li></ul><ul><li>Primary Source from The Evening Journal of Albany , New York, March 9, 1857 </li></ul><ul><li>http://history.furman.edu/benson/docs/nyajds57309a.htm </li></ul>
    61. 63. BONUS: Add Original Media <ul><li>Create original images or videos based on one of the lines in the primary source. Act it, pose for it, capture it, record it, and include it. For example, imagine you are a 19 Century abolitionist and record yourself saying “ The Legislation of the Republic is in the hands of this handful of Slaveholders.” </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>EXTRA BONUS: Add movie trailerish lines like… </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>“ Starring Denzel Washington as Dred Scott” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Directed by Stephen Spielberg “ </li></ul><ul><li>“ One man’s fight for freedom helped change the course of history.” </li></ul>
    62. 64. Make a Trailer for a Movie <ul><li>Topics: </li></ul><ul><li>Dred Scott </li></ul><ul><li>Whiskey Rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>1776, 1876 or any particular year. </li></ul><ul><li>Amistad Uprising </li></ul><ul><li>War of 1812 </li></ul><ul><li>The Expedition of Lewis and Clark </li></ul><ul><li>etc… </li></ul><ul><li>For Dred Scott, look here for some starter media </li></ul><ul><li>http:// is.gd/trailermedia </li></ul>
    63. 65. Shift <ul><li>Growing focus over last 40 years from Reading to 21st Century Literacy </li></ul>
    64. 66. <ul><li>Reading: </li></ul><ul><li>Internal </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy: </li></ul><ul><li>Combination of skills </li></ul><ul><li>Related to society and economy </li></ul><ul><li>New Literacies: </li></ul><ul><li>Combination of cognitive, social, technical skills tied to society and globalization </li></ul>
    65. 67. Participatory Culture <ul><li>Jenkins Video </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =bhGBfuyN5gg </li></ul>
    66. 69. 1,500,000 Hours of Programming On Major TV networks from 1948-2008
    67. 70. On Major TV networks from 1948-2008 On YouTube from July–December 2008 1,500,000 Hours of Programming
    68. 71. With great power, comes great responsibility
    69. 72. UDL
    70. 73. An Overview of Universal Design for Learning (UDL)
    71. 74. UDL in Plain Language Think of a teacher who communicates clearly, sparks student interest, and cares about every student in his or her classroom.
    72. 75. Give that teacher the tools and encouragement to do all of these things better and then make this a systematic model for a school. This is UDL
    73. 76. Why We Need UDL:  A Student's Perspective  View the video at: http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =iFsRirR17oU
    74. 77. UDL is… A set of research-based guidelines for curriculum development. Guidelines that focus on: Multiple means of representation— what is learned Multiple means of expression— how it’s learned Multiple means of engagement  -- why it’s learned
    75. 78. --Arne Duncan, US Secretary of Education Letter to Congress Introducing the National Educational Technology Plan http://www.ed.gov/technology/netp-2010/letter-secretary “ The model of learning described in this plan calls for engaging and empowering personalized learning experiences for learners of all ages...It calls for using state-of-the-art technology and Universal Design for Learning (UDL) concepts to enable, motivate, and inspire all students to achieve, regardless of background, languages, or disabilities.” A National Imperative:  National Educational Technology Plan
    76. 79. NOTE: The difference between UDL and differentiation UDL works on curriculum from the ground up.  It's bigger, better, and more ambitious. Differentiation makes adaptations to the existing curriculum, without demanding the curriculum changes for all students.
    77. 80. More Information: UDLcenter.org
    78. 81. San Bernardino County Remixing History DAY 2 Chris Shamburg November 2011
    79. 82. Three men were killed and thrown across me.
    80. 83. Remixing the Gettysburg Address <ul><li>Remixing Primary Sources: The Gettysburg Address </li></ul><ul><li>This project uses remix principles synthesize, compare and contrast historical perspectives.  It works when you look at primary sources as three types: </li></ul><ul><li>Mainstream: popular speeches, laws, documents </li></ul><ul><li>People: diaries, journals, letters </li></ul><ul><li>Popular: songs, advertisements, plays, books </li></ul><ul><li>The rewarding part is to take one from at least two of the categories and mix them into one work. </li></ul><ul><li>Manley Stacey Letter (Letter from Gettysburg Soldier) </li></ul><ul><li>Reading of the Gettysburg Address (mp3) </li></ul>
    81. 84. All media for today Is.gd/sanbmedia Download Audacity http:// audacity.sourceforge.net
    82. 85. Remixing History as an Educational Activity <ul><li>DIY Media </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Remix </li></ul>
    83. 86. Remix… <ul><li>to take cultural artifacts and manipulate them into new kinds of creative blends </li></ul>Steal? Borrow? Modify? Improve? Inspire? Transform?
    84. 87. Some Examples of Contemporary Remix Practices http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =-ek9CchVpWE http://www.archive.org/details/DjDangerMouse-TheGreyAlbum http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =UtEH6wZXPA4 http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =8rVVM7cJR40&amp;list=PLAF5FE856762CBA8C&amp;index=3 http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =dnhKPw2NXIw http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =2T5_0AGdFic
    85. 88. Food
    86. 89. Remix as a Lens
    87. 90. Daniel Pink and Thomas Friedman on Globalization and Education <ul><li>Friedman : The assignment can be: “Mash these two together.” </li></ul><ul><li>Pink : And these kids get mash-ups </li></ul><ul><li>Friedman : Oh, they get mash-ups. They do it naturally. And today, he who mashes best will mash most and be wealthiest. </li></ul><ul><li>From School Administrator February 2008 </li></ul>
    88. 91. Remix and Mashups http:// maps.google.com/maps/ms?ie =UTF8&hl= en&msa =0&msid=215454646984933465708.00049c59184ae1136341a
    89. 92. Remixing Primary Sources Page 93 http://podcourse.blogspot.com/primary-source.htm
    90. 93. Remix the Battle of Gettysburg <ul><li>Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address </li></ul><ul><li>Letter from Manley Stacey, Corporal in the Union Army written during the battle of Gettysburg </li></ul>
    91. 94. Remixing History as an Educational Activity <ul><li>Remixing Primary Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Mainstream History (laws, documents, speeches) </li></ul><ul><li>Personal History (journals, letters, memoirs) </li></ul><ul><li>Popular Culture (songs, advertisements, TV shows, plays) </li></ul>
    92. 95. Remixing Gettysburg <ul><li>Import Sam Waterston’s Gettysburg Address Reading. </li></ul><ul><li>Add music. </li></ul><ul><li>Record section of Manley Stacey’s Letter. </li></ul><ul><li>Adjust the Volume . </li></ul>
    93. 96. Primary Source: Video <ul><li>latenightcabdriving (Photographer). (2011). A picture I took yesterday in Tahrir Square, Cairo, at 11 PM. [Photograph], Retrieved February 18, 2011, from: http://www.reddit.com/r/worldnews/comments/f9a2m/a_picture_i_took_yesterday_in_tahrir_square_cairo/ </li></ul><ul><li>latenightcabdriving (Photographer). (2011). Untitled [Photograph], Retrieved February 18, 2011, from: http://www.reddit.com/r/worldnews/comments/f9a2m/a_picture_i_took_yesterday_in_tahrir_square_cairo/c1e96ac </li></ul><ul><li>TV-Novosti (Producer). (2011, February 1). Sea of People: Over 250,000 in Cairo chant 'Mubarak, Leave!' [Video], Retrieved from: http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =HT8_wrsrNp8 </li></ul><ul><li>X, Malcolm (Speaker), King Daevid MacKenzie (Producer). (2006). Echoes of a Century: Malcolm X on &quot;The Ballot or The Bullet&quot; [Audio], Retrieved from: http://radio.indymedia.org/en/node/9862 </li></ul>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =Cz5BiqNKdfM
    94. 97. Connecting Past and Present Amendment I Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. Mix video and images from http:// is.gd/firstam Add Narration of First Amendment
    95. 98. www.megatrax.com Username:sbcsshistory Password:sbcsshistory Click ‘sign in’
    96. 100. Some Legal and Ethical Notes on Getting Existing Media: Fair Use <ul><li>Four Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Nature of the use </li></ul><ul><li>Amount and character of the material </li></ul><ul><li>Amount </li></ul><ul><li>Effect on the market </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of Copyright Confusion </li></ul><ul><li>http://youtu.be/fAhWMU1TdvE </li></ul>
    97. 101. Derivative or Transformational
    98. 102. Some Technical Notes
    99. 104. <ul><li>Some Technical Notes on Getting Video </li></ul>
    100. 105. Machinima http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =0JTFgOIhdzs
    101. 106. http:// abclocal.go.com/wpvi/story?section =news/ health&id =6560904
    102. 107. Machinima and Presentism: Dialoguing with the Past The Conversation President Obama: 0-10 George Washington: 11-22 President Obama: 22-37 George Washington: 37-52
    103. 108. Some Further Ideas <ul><li>RO to RW (Lessig, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Spectatory Culture to Participatory Culture (Jenkins, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Inside Guttenberg Parenthesis to Outside Guttenberg Parenthesis (Pettitt, 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>New Literacies (Knobel and Lankshear, 2008, 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>See the Remix Bibliography </li></ul>
    104. 109. Culture and Social Implications <ul><li>Jenkins Video </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =bhGBfuyN5gg </li></ul>
    105. 110. Photoshopping
    106. 111. <ul><li>http://www.nppa.org/professional_development/business_practices/ethics.html </li></ul>
    107. 112. Presidential Primaries, 2004. John Kerry June 1971. Jane Fonda1972 .
    108. 113.   Adnan Hajj’s image of Israeli bombing of Beirut, 2006, Reuters News Service
    109. 114. Women removed from Israeli Cabinet for Conservative newspaper Yated Neeman  
    110. 115. TV Guide put Oprah’s head on Ann Margret’s body.
    111. 116. Ralph Lauren Apologized for this extreme touchup in 2009
    112. 117. Iranian Missile Testing, 2008
    113. 118. Research 2007 / Tienamin Square, 1989. A study, published in the journal Applied Cognitive Psychology,.
    114. 119. The Leader
    115. 120. Britian at War Exhibit, London, 2010
    116. 121. Time Magazine, March 2007, tear added
    117. 122. The Kentucky state Republican Party distributed campaign flyers that depict Steve Beshear, the Democratic nominee for Governor, as high-roller leaning on a casino table.
    118. 123. French Prime Minister in French Magazine Paris Match, August 2007, had some virtual liposuction
    119. 125. Famous portrait of President Lincoln is a composite of Lincoln’s head and the southern Senator John Calhoun’s body
    120. 126. General Ulysses S. Grant in front of his troops at City Point, Virginia. Library of Congress Researchers discovered it was a composite.
    121. 127. Senator Millard Tydings’ a critic of Joseph McCarthy lost his reelection after this doctored photo of him with the leader of the American Communist Party was published.
    122. 128. Unfriending Stalin, 1930 Mao Tse-tung, 1936 Hitler, 1937
    123. 129. Justice Minister Rachida Dati in the French newspaper Le Figaro in June, 2008
    124. 130. Obama v BP, 2010
    125. 131. Standards for Journalists
    126. 132. End
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