Cognitivist learning theory


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Cognitivist learning theory

  1. 1. By: Crystal and Jessica
  2. 2.  Allan Paivio ◦ Dual coding theory  It assumes that people process information in two different ways: images and language  Robert Gagne ◦ Categories of learning outcomes ◦ Nine events of instruction  Howard Gardner ◦ Theory of multiple intelligence  He believed that students can have high levels of intelligence is some categories and low levels in others
  3. 3.  Benjamin Bloom ◦ Bloom’s Taxonomy  A student must first understand the more simple concepts of what they are learning before they understand the complex concepts in order to have learning mastery  John Sweller ◦ Cognitive load theory of multimedia learning  Three types of cognitive load: extraneous, intrinsic, and germane
  4. 4.     Thinking, deciding, remembering, memory, k nowing, problem-solving Activities are viewed in terms of how they underlie behavior Learner is viewed as an information processor Learning is a change in a learner’s schemata
  5. 5. For the teacher
  6. 6.          Gain attention of the learners Inform learners of the objective Stimulate recall of prior learning Present the stimulus or lesson Provide learning guidance and instruction Elicit performance Provide feedback Assess performance Enhance retention and transfer
  7. 7.      Teachers can use word processing programs to create lessons Teachers can use word game software to create word games that encourage cognitive thinking Problem solving software can be used by teachers to create word problems Multimedia can be used by the teacher to encourage higher level thinking and discussion Concept mapping can be used by teachers to lay out ideas in a clear format
  8. 8. For the students
  9. 9.    Students can use strategy games to develop new schematas in thinking and problem solving Students can create concept maps to increase memory skills and knowledge Students can use reading programs to develop thinking and memory skills
  10. 10.  We really like the cognitive learning theory. It helps with information processing and we feel that it helps enhance the ability to learn. We intend to use some of the Cognitive learning theory ideas in our teaching styles.
  11. 11.    Bergin, D. , and C. Bergin. Child and adolescent development in your classroom. Wadsworth Pub Co, print. Learning-Theories. Web. 13 Nov 2013. <>. Shelly, Gary , Glenda Gunter, and Randolph Gunter.Teachers discovering computers: Integrating technology in a connected world. 7. Boston: Course Technology, print.
  12. 12.    photo credit: <a href="">O ne Laptop per Child</a> via <a href="">photopin</a> <a href="">cc</a > photo credit: <a href="">Will Lion</a> via <a href="">photopin</a> <a href="">cc</a> photo credit: <a href=" /">anselm23</a> via <a href="">photopin</a> <a href="">cc</a>