Lesson 6 psycholcogical derterminants of the stress response

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Lesson 6 psycholcogical derterminants of the stress response

  1. 1. LESSON 6: PSYCHOLOGICAL DETERMINANTS OF THE STRESS RESPONSEFriday, 13 July 2012
  2. 2. LESSON 5: PHYSIOLOGICAL & PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF RESPONSES TO STRESS EXAM QUESTION ONE WEEK REMAINED BEFORE ALISON’S EXAMS. SHE STAYED UP LATE EVERY NIGHT STUDYING, AND ALTHOUGH SHE WAS FEELING TIRED, SHE SEEMED TO BE MANAGING HER WORKLOAD. TWO NIGHTS BEFORE HER FIRST EXAM, ALISON WITNESSED HER DOG BEING HIT BY A CAR, WHICH UPSET HER VERY MUCH. ON THE MORNING OF HER EXAM, SHE WOKE UP WITH A HEADACHE, A SORE THROAT, ACHES AND PAINS IN HER JOINTS AND SHE KEPT SNEEZING. A) NAME AND DESCRIBE THE GAS STAGE ALISON IS MOST LIKELY TO BE IN, WITH REFERENCE TO ALISON’S SITUATION AND EXPERIENCES. B)  ACCORDING TO THE GAS, UNDER WHAT CIRCUMSTANCES WOULD ALISON BE VULNERABLE TO A PHYSICAL DISEASE?Friday, 13 July 2012
  3. 3. MODEL RESPONSE: A) ALISON IS IN THE RESISTANCE STAGE OF GAS. THE RESISTANCE STAGE IS CONSIDERED THE ADAPTIVE STAGE BECAUSE EVEN THOUGH HEART RATE AND RESPIRATION RATE RETURN TO ALMOST NORMAL, BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS AND STRESS-RELATED HORMONES SUCH AS ADRENALIN AND CORTISOL CONTINUE TO CIRCULATE THROUGH THE BODY KEEPING IT READY FOR ACTION. ALISON’S BODY HAD GIVEN THE MUSH NEEDED RESOURCES TO HER STUDY AND WITNESSING HER DOG BEING HIT BY A CAR WHICH LEFT HER VULNERABLE TO INFECTION. B) ACCORDING TO GAS ALISON IS MOST VULNERABLE TO PHYSICAL DISEASE IN THE EXHAUSTION STAGE. ALISON’S BODY RESOURCES ARE SEVERELY DEPLETED LEADING TO HER BODY BEING SUSCEPTIBLE TO MORE SERIOUS ILLNESSES.Friday, 13 July 2012
  4. 4. LESSON 6: PSYCHOLOGICAL DETERMINANTS OF THE STRESS RESPONSEFriday, 13 July 2012
  5. 5. LAZARUS’ TRANSACTIONAL MODEL OF STRESS & COPING IDENTIFIED THE IMPORTANCE OF MENTAL PROCESS INVOLVED IN DEALING WITH STRESS TRANSACTION - BETWEEN THE PERSON & ENVIRONMENT INDIVIDUAL INTERPRETATION DETERMINES THE PERCEPTION OF ‘STRESS’ TWO MAIN STAGES IN PERCEPTION: PRIMARY APPRAISAL & SECONDARY APPRAISAL, BOTH INVOLVING EMOTIONAL FORECASTINGFriday, 13 July 2012
  6. 6. PRIMARY APPRAISAL RECOGNITION OF A POTENTIALLY STRESSFUL SITUATION STRESSFUL NEUTRAL IRRELEVANTFriday, 13 July 2012
  7. 7. SECONDARY APPRAISAL CONSIDERS OPTIONS AVAILABLE TO THEM AND HOW TO RESPOND LOSE JOB CONSIDER FAIRNESS OF ASK FOR REFERENCE DISMISSAL VISIT SEEK.COMFriday, 13 July 2012
  8. 8. EMOTIONAL FORECASTING PRIMARY APPRAISAL: PREDICTION OF WHAT FEELINGS THE SITUATION WILL PRODUCE SECONDARY APPRAISAL: PREDICTION OF THE POSSIBLE EMOTIONAL IMPACT OF EACH POTENTIAL RESPONSE LOSING YOUR JOB - FEEL DISAPPOINTED/REJECTED/ FAILURE (PRIMARY APPRAISAL) FOLLOWED BY RELIEF OF RECEIVING A POSITIVE REFERRAL TO SEEK A NEW JOB (SECONDARY APPRAISAL)Friday, 13 July 2012
  9. 9. LAZARUS MODEL POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE EMOTIONS THREE TYPES: HARM; THREAT; CHALLENGE PRIMARY SECONDARY APPRAISAL APPRAISAL YES, I CAN COPE IS THIS I EXPERIENCE HARMFUL, CAN I COPE MINIMUM STRESS STRESSOR THREATENING, WITH THE CHALLENGING? STRESS? NO, I CAN’T COPE POSITIVE OR WHAT ARE NEGATIVE THE I EXPERIENCE A EMOTIONS? ALTERNATIVES? LOT OF STRESS FIG 19.9 TEXT BOOK P 454Friday, 13 July 2012
  10. 10. STRENGTHS & LIMITATIONS STRENGTHS LIMITATIONS RESEARCH WITH HUMANS LACKED EMPHASIS ON PHYSIOLOGICAL ELEMENTS COGNITIVE APPROACH INCLUDES MENTAL IGNORES SOCIAL, PROCESSES AND CULTURAL AND EMOTIONS ON ENVIRONMENTAL INDIVIDUAL FACTORS PERCEPTIONSFriday, 13 July 2012
  11. 11. ESSENTIAL LEARNING ACTIVITIES ACTIVITY 1: USING AN EXAMPLE NOT IN THE TEXT OR SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS, ILLUSTRATE LAZARUS TRANSACTIONAL MODEL OF STRESS AND COPING. FIGURE 19.9 OF THE TEXT BOOK P 454 (ALSO PICTURED IN THE SUMMARY OF MAIN CONCEPTS) WILL ASSIST YOU. ACTIVITY 2: CREATE A VEN DIAGRAM SHOWING THE SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SELYES MODEL OF STRESS (GAS) AND LAZARUS TRANSACTIONAL MODEL OF STRESS AND COPING.Friday, 13 July 2012

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