Lesson 11 and 12 applying a biopsychosocial framework to anxiety disorder

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Lesson 11 and 12 applying a biopsychosocial framework to anxiety disorder

  1. 1. Lesson 11 & 12: Applying a Biopsychosocial Framework to Anxiety DisorderMonday, 3 September 2012
  2. 2. No exam question because just had SAC :)Monday, 3 September 2012
  3. 3. WHAT ARE YOU SCARED OF .....Monday, 3 September 2012
  4. 4. Snakes Spiders Heights Small placesMonday, 3 September 2012
  5. 5. Generalised Anxiety Disorder Axis I Phobic Disorder Anxiety Disorders Feelings of extreme Panic Disorder apprehension, fear, stress and unease Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Post Traumatic Stress DisorderMonday, 3 September 2012
  6. 6. We will be focusing on Simple Phobia for our studies Simple Phobia - also known as specific phobia is the fear of a single specific object or event that triggers a panic responseMonday, 3 September 2012
  7. 7. Woman with a Chicken PhobiaMonday, 3 September 2012
  8. 8. Man with peaches phobiaMonday, 3 September 2012
  9. 9. AgoraphobiaMonday, 3 September 2012
  10. 10. Age of Onset Generally develop in childhood and eventually disappearMonday, 3 September 2012
  11. 11. Applying Biopsychosocial Model to Anxiety Biological Psychological SocialMonday, 3 September 2012
  12. 12. Biological Factors Stress Response: Amygdala: Fear elicits a strong Critical role in stress response (flight anxiety and fear or fight) Gamma-Amino Butyric Acid (GABA): GABA reduces feelings of anxiety. Low level GABA levels -> higher levels of anxiety. Genetic Predisposition: Amygdala, neurotransmitters and stress response can be inherited leading to predisposition to phobiasMonday, 3 September 2012
  13. 13. Biological Treatments Involve medications - particularly targeting GABAMonday, 3 September 2012
  14. 14. Neurotransmitter - GABAMonday, 3 September 2012
  15. 15. GABA in ACTIONMonday, 3 September 2012
  16. 16. Valium - GABA targetedMonday, 3 September 2012
  17. 17. Psychological Factors Perceptual Behavioural Phobias unresolved Phobias are a conflicts linked with result of oedipal and electra environmental complexes in phalic factors through stage of personality classical and development (Freud) operant conditioning Cognitive Phobias based on our thought processes and feelingsMonday, 3 September 2012
  18. 18. Psychological Treatments Unconscious (hypnosis) Classical & Operant - uncovering what the Conditioning ‘symbols’ really mean - pairing positive experiences with stimuli Cognitive Behavioural to extinguish the fear Therapy - As like classical and Flooding operant, but with thought Exposure for prolonged processes periods to anxiety causing stimuli Systematic Desensitisation - Counter conditioning (reverse classical conditioning) which weakens association between the CS and CS by slowing exposing person to feared stimuliMonday, 3 September 2012
  19. 19. Social Factors Observational learning - parent fears = child fears Cultural factors - Non religious people fear death,however those that believe in heaven do notMonday, 3 September 2012
  20. 20. Social Treatments Linked closely with psychological treatments Focus on questioning thinking about stimuli Counter-conditioningMonday, 3 September 2012
  21. 21. Best to use aspects from all areas!!!! BioPsychoSocialMonday, 3 September 2012
  22. 22. Essential Learning Activities Activity 1:  Create a Triple Bubble Concept Map of the Biopsychosocial Model of Anxiety Activity 2: Construct a mind map that describes the psychotherapies for simplephobia (CBT, Systematic Desensitisation & Flooding) include strengths and limitations of each method Activity 3: Choose one of the simple phobias listed below. Using systematic desensitisation, outline the steps involved in the treatment of your phobia i. spiders ii. heights iii. public placesMonday, 3 September 2012

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