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Lesson 3 The Autonomic Nervous SystemSunday, 29 January 2012
Lesson 2: The Human Nervous System                          Exam Question        The peripheral nervous system contains   ...
Lesson 2: The Human Nervous System                          Exam Question        The peripheral nervous system contains   ...
Lesson 3: The Autonomic Nervous System          Objectives:          # Define the Autonomic Nervous System          (ANS)  ...
Refresh - Last lesson Concept map of overall                              nervous system.                   This lessons f...
Role of ANS         Autonomic means not under voluntary control (i.e.                    automatic, independent).         ...
Automatic Nervous System    Parasympathetic              SympatheticSunday, 29 January 2012
Parasympathetic               The parasympathetic nervous system serves two main functions:          1. It returns the bod...
Sunday, 29 January 2012
Sympathetic   The flight-fight response is an automatic reaction by the   sympathetic nervous system to prepare the body for...
From the diagram above, it is clear that all the changes that  occur in SYMPATHETIC AROUSAL are those that are getting the...
An example of the Sympathetic Nervous System in action…..                  It is a nice, sunny day...you are taking a nice...
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Autonomic nervous system

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  1. 1. Lesson 3 The Autonomic Nervous SystemSunday, 29 January 2012
  2. 2. Lesson 2: The Human Nervous System Exam Question The peripheral nervous system contains A. the skeletal muscles. B. the brain and spinal cord. C. all the nerves of the central nervous system. D. all the nerves outside the brain and spinal cord.Sunday, 29 January 2012
  3. 3. Lesson 2: The Human Nervous System Exam Question The peripheral nervous system contains A. the skeletal muscles. B. the brain and spinal cord. C. all the nerves of the central nervous system. D. all the nerves outside the brain and spinal cord.Sunday, 29 January 2012
  4. 4. Lesson 3: The Autonomic Nervous System Objectives: # Define the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) # Describe the role and function of the two divisions of the ANS : sympathetic and parasympathetic # Identify the flight or fight response Understand homeostasis Sunday, 29 January 2012
  5. 5. Refresh - Last lesson Concept map of overall nervous system. This lessons focus ANS - Sympathetic and ParasympatheticSunday, 29 January 2012
  6. 6. Role of ANS Autonomic means not under voluntary control (i.e. automatic, independent). The autonomic nervous system is a network of neurons connecting the CNS to our internal muscles and organs. It functions continuously whether we are awake, asleep, or even under a general anaesthetic. It may be the only part of the nervous system keeping a person alive when all other parts of the brain have shut down (eg. In a coma).Sunday, 29 January 2012
  7. 7. Automatic Nervous System Parasympathetic SympatheticSunday, 29 January 2012
  8. 8. Parasympathetic The parasympathetic nervous system serves two main functions: 1. It returns the body to a calm state by reversing the direction of the changes to physiological functions that had occurred as a result of the action of the sympathetic nervous system. 2. It minimises energy use and keeps the internal systems of the body constantly regulated. This process is known as homeostasis. For most of the time, the parasympathetic system is dominant because it is involved with normal everyday functioning, rather than in sudden reactions to stressful or threatening situations. It regulates such functions as the digestion of food, the elimination of wastes, and the production of tears.Sunday, 29 January 2012
  9. 9. Sunday, 29 January 2012
  10. 10. Sympathetic The flight-fight response is an automatic reaction by the sympathetic nervous system to prepare the body for dealing with a physically or psychologically threatening situation. Normally, when placed under threat, an organism will fight or flee. In either case, its bodily resources need to be maximised for survival. Therefore, instead of using energy digesting lunch, blood and its energy giving substances (oxygen, sugar, fats) are diverted to the muscles, especially those of the limbs, since they are the ones most likely to be called upon whether the fight or flight option is chosen, if the threat is a physical one.Sunday, 29 January 2012
  11. 11. From the diagram above, it is clear that all the changes that occur in SYMPATHETIC AROUSAL are those that are getting the body ready for physical exertion. Because the body would suffer if it was left in that state for long, as soon as the threat is past, the PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM returns the functions to the normal state of balance (homeostasis).Sunday, 29 January 2012
  12. 12. An example of the Sympathetic Nervous System in action….. It is a nice, sunny day...you are taking a nice walk in the park. Suddenly, an angry bear appears in your path. Do you stay and fight OR do you turn and run away? These are "Fight or Flight" responses. In these types of situations, your sympathetic nervous system is called into action - it uses energy - your blood pressure increases, your heart beats faster, and digestion slows down. An example of the Parasympathetic Nervous System in action… It is a nice, sunny day...you are taking a nice walk in the park. This time, however, you decide to relax in comfortable chair that you have brought along. This calls for "Rest and Digest" responses. Now is the time for the parasympathetic nervous to work to save energy - your blood pressure decreases, your heart beats slower, and digestion can startSunday, 29 January 2012
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