The Solar System By: Crystal Herman EDU 290 3rd Grade
What Makes Up the Solar System? Sun Planets and other small objects
THE SUN Aka Yellow Dwarf Star The sun is the center of our solar system and holds everything in place by its gravity. It is a large star, which are hot balls of glowing gas that give off energy. We need the suns light energy, without it plants wouldn’t grow and Earth would be too cold for anything to live on it.
Planets EightPlanets orbit the sun These planets are separated and classified as Inner andOuterplanets.
Inner Planets The Inner Planets consist of the 4 planets closest to the sun. They are… Earth Venus Mars Mercury
Inner Planets cont… All the inner planets have rockysurfaces. They are smaller and warmer because of how close they are to the sun. You are able to see Venus, Mars, and possibly Mercury with a telescope.
Earth and Mars are the only inner planets that have moons. Earth has 1 and Mars has 2.
Earth’s Moon THE MOON IS EARTH'S CLOSEST NEIGHBOR IN SPACE, BUT IT IS STILL FAR AWAY. The Earth-moon distance is about 239,000 miles That’s crazy to think since you can see part of the moon every night.
Venus ( Earths Sister) Surface is rocky, with a constant cover of thick clouds Mercury: Surface is rocky, with many craters Earth: Mostly water, with some land areas. Mars: Surface is rocky, with red dust and no water.
Outer Planets The outer planets are the ones farthest from the sun. They are… Jupiter Neptune Saturn Uranus Pluto
Jupiter Jupiter is the largest planet with the most moons, it has 61! Jupiter’s Great Red Spot, is a huge storm on its surface.
Saturn Saturn is one of the two planets with rings. Its rings reach out about 258,000 miles from its surface. Saturn has at least 33 moons.
Has at least 25 moons
2nd planet with rings
Has at least 13 moons
Is now considered the farthest planet from the sun
Again, Neptune is now considered the farthest planet because…. until 2006, when scientists removed Pluto from the list of planets, Pluto was the 9th and farthest planet. However, scientists have placed it in a new group called “Dwarf Planets”.
Pluto Pluto is not like the other outer planets. It is small and made up oficeandrock. Pluto has at least 3 moons, one moon it almost as large as Pluto itself.
ASD Planetarium, Information http://www.astronomy.org/programs/moon/moon.html BenteLilja Bye, rocket http://www.stumbleupon.com/su/2IfvSF/apod.nasa.gov/apod/image/1002/sts30nightlaunch_nasa.jpg Calvin J. Hamilton, Inner and Outer Planetshttp://www.ronyerby.com/ss/Inner.html Dr. David R. Williams ,Neptune http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/neptunefact.html ESO/L. Calçada, planets slidehttp://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/41761269/ns/technology_and_science-space/ Francis Sealey, Sunhttp://21st-centurynetwork.com/blog/?p=889 InstructorWeb , Information http://www.instructorweb.com/lesson/solarsystem.asp James Linzel, Solar System Picturehttp://scienceclass.ning.com/profiles/blogs/1677792:BlogPost:3140 Kathy A. Miles and Charles F. Peters II, Pluto http://starryskies.com/articles/dln/7-99/pluto.html Marcos van Dam, W.M. Keck Observatory ,Uranus http://www.worldalmanac.com/blog/2007/12/autumn_on_uranus.html Metric camera on Apollo 17, http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/imgcat/html/object_page/a17_m_2444.html NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute ,Saturn http://blog.ltc.arizona.edu/azmasternaturalist/2004/09/fabulous_saturn.html Science Harcourt School Publishers 2008 Edition, Information Credits Great thanks for the pictures and information used in this presentation.