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Chapter 20 Section 3 - The US and Latin America Post-War
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Chapter 20 Section 3 - The US and Latin America Post-War

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  • 1. Chapter 20 Section 3 The U.S. and Latin America POST-war…
  • 2. The Panama Canal    For HUNDREDS of years people had been sailing on the Atlantic Ocean around South America to get to Asia and the Pacific Ocean. This takes a long time, and the route was filled with navigation problems and crazy weather. A plan was devised for a canal across the Isthmus of Central America…a narrow strip of land joining two larger areas of land.
  • 3. Isthmus vs. Archipelago
  • 4. The Panama Canal: Why Panama?  In 1881, A French company decided to dig the canal across the Panamanian isthmus, which was controlled by Colombia, because it is the most narrow part of Central America   The French campaign starts the Canal, but they ran out of money, and the conditions were too dangerous to finish it In 1903, the United States sponsors a revolution against the Colombians to “free” Panama, and gain control of the Canal.
  • 5. The Panama Canal: More Problems with have?  What type of climate does Panama Panama  What would this lead to?
  • 6. The Panama Canal: Dr. Gorgas   William Gorgas will be hired to figure out ways to rid Panama of mosquitoes that carry Malaria and Yellow Fever. After this is done yellow fever and malaria become considerably less threatening.
  • 7. Panama Canal: Building the Canal  The actual construction of the canal will begin in 1904, and conditions are miserable: High Temperatures, High Humidity  Unexpected delays due to mud and rock slides  Extremely Harsh Working Conditions  Fear of Disease.   But the canal will be finished by 1914
  • 8. The “Big Stick” Policy    “Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far.” - T.R.’s fave saying. He would apply this to his foreign policies. Meant that if other countries wouldn’t cooperate with the United States, we would use force to coerce them.
  • 9. Roosevelt and His Big Stick
  • 10. Monroe Doctrine and the Roosevelt Corollary  President James Monroe’s Monroe Doctrine Americans won’t get involved in Europe’s business if they stayed out of Latin America.  The Roosevelt Corollary stated that the United states would protect its territories if threatened by other countries, making us a kind of “world police” for the Western Hemisphere.
  • 11. Taft’s Dollar Diplomacy    President Taft will have a different approach to relations with foreigners. His was Dollar Diplomacy a policy based on the idea that spending money and creating jobs through big business were the best way to expand American Influence. He asked American businesses to put a large amount of their trust in Latin America, to make this more valuable for us
  • 12. The Mexican Revolution   In 1911, Mexico experiences an uprising, in which their leader, the U.S. supported Porfirio Diaz is kicked out of office. He will be defeated by Victoriano Huerta, who will seize control of country after revolution. Wilson refuses to acknowledge his rule, and cuts Mexico off.  In reaction, American sailors will be locked up in Mexico, and they won’t let them go. 
  • 13. The Wild Wild West   In 1914, claiming the territory should be Mexico’s, and upset that the U.S. won’t support Huerta, Pancho Villa raided New Mexico and burn the city of Columbus down, killing American citizens. General John Pershing sent by Woodrow Wilson to try and capture the bandit in Mexico They never find him…  How do people remember Villa’s attacks? 

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