Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
What is politics?
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

What is politics?

1,141
views

Published on


0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,141
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
36
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Political Science 101 Shermon O. Cruz
  • 2. WHAT IS POLITICS?
  • 3.  Explore politics in various context , by asking, by exploring the answers to the questions: Essentially, what is politics? What do, we, us, mean by it? Are there other meanings (frameworks, perspectives) other than Greek conception of politics?
  • 4.   What is the western view of politics? (Greek) What is the Non-western view of politics? (Chinese, Indian, Islam)
  • 5.  Do we have a Filipino view of politics?Ilocano?
  • 6.     How politics is learned? What is political culture? What is political socialization? What motivates political action?
  • 7.   Thinking about your own experience, what agent of political socialization do you think had the most effect on your attitudes and beliefs? What has been the result?
  • 8.     acquaint you with politics; open your minds and break your, our biases about it. enable you to think critically about your, our own of perspectives of politics, preferences and put our personal experiences as essential in the understanding of politics as a student of political science, as a citizen.
  • 9.    What are you in the political landscape? I will give you a link later on, a questionnaire that will determine your political preferences, mindset, color called the POLITICAL COMPASS. A highly recommended link by Professor Wood, a renowned sociologist in the US, of Rutgers University, New Jersey.
  • 10.    You will find useful theories and concepts, info’s, data on the meanings of politics, the agents of political socialization, etc. You will learn how the west and the non-west differ in their perspectives, meanings of politics and become aware of the nuances, intricacies, influence of culture in political discourse, preferences. Among others…
  • 11. Political Beings - Sarkar
  • 12. Political Animals – Socrates
  • 13. Air we breath is filled with stuff of politics…
  • 14. INFLUENCE
  • 15. PERSUASION
  • 16. COERCION
  • 17. DEBATE
  • 18. COMPETITION
  • 19. COOPERATION
  • 20. ANTAGONISM
  • 21. ALTRUISM
  • 22. GENEROSITY
  • 23. STRIFE
  • 24. “AN UNEXAMINED LIFE IS NOT WORTH LIVING” SOCRATES
  • 25. WE ALL WANT TO BE FREE
  • 26.     TO BE FREE (LIBERAL) LIMITLESS (INDIAN) TO EXPAND (ISLAM) TO GROW (CHINESE)
  • 27. POLITICS IS THE SUBSTANCE OF ALL INTERESTED HUMAN INTERACTIONS (IT MAY NOT BE TRUE FOR OTHERS)
  • 28. Polis – names given to the city states of Sparta and Athens. Aristotle believed that the highest purpose of human life is participation in the political community. (This may not be true for others)
  • 29.  Basic political human need is individuality. (Again, this may not be true for ‘others’) We all want to be recognized as unique and special. We want our distinctive value to be seen as having value.
  • 30. Today, politics is defined as the competition of interest in society. David Easton, defined it as the “authoritative allocation of values” Harold Laswell defined it as “who gets what, when and how.” (INDIVIDUALISM)…
  • 31.     the Culture of Wars of Ancient Greece in the 5th century BC The western view of Man by nature is brutish (Culture of Wars) To be free was the natural state of man. Independence, Self-Interest is a virtue. Socrates, Plato, Aristotle is the most recognizable icons of Greek politics
  • 32.        Rhetorical skills Education in the Liberal arts Individualism Political Leadership Democratic Culture Freedom Right
  • 33. inspired by Confucian beliefs and ways of knowing.  the sky, the earth, the fire, the river, the water and all things natural informs the Chinese conception of politics  Man is the focal point of everything 
  • 34. Man by nature is wise, inherently good, must stay closely to what is essential to human experience and has the capacity to transform and reshape oneself according to the rhythms of nature.  They must rely heavily on themselves for survival. 
  • 35.    Relationship with parents is the most natural state of man. Being true to oneself and belonging to the community is essential. Interdependence. (COLLECTIVISM…)
  • 36.             respect to parental authority and authority figures, duty to family collectivism community civic culture cultural identity and heritage, Chinese classics and literature wealth creation character building, virtuous behavior, morality civil service acquisition of proper skills and education human interrelatedness
  • 37. Confucius, Ssu-ma-Chien are the icons of Classic Chinese Politics.
  • 38.   The Indian’s saw the political in the transcendental (spiritual). The Indian chronicle of politics, view of freedom was inspired by their view of transcendence or the desire to merge oneself with the Higher Self.
  • 39.    Man’s desire for freedom, limitlessness has its origins in the desire of Man to merge with the Infinite. Man is attracted to something Greater than he/she is. It is the ultimate goal of human life.
  • 40. To be rational was to be spiritual and to be spiritual, to be political was about sacrificing oneself for the sake of others, to reduce human suffering.
  • 41. Rationality (intellect and conscience)  Spirituality  Spiritual Leadership  Enlightenment  Social Justice  Sacrifice  Collectivism  Devotion  Self-realization  Yoga and Meditation  Tolerance 
  • 42.    The merger of the Individual Self with the Supreme Self is the natural state of man. Understanding and sacrificing oneself for the sake of others is essential. Interdependence. (Individualism (spiritual), Collectivism)
  • 43. PR Sarkar, Shrii Aurobindo, Mahatma Gandhi, Shubash Chandra Bose are the icons of Indian Politics and Philosophy.
  • 44.    Inspired by the desert and their struggle against environmental adversities. Find their meaning, their identity, their purpose in the desert . Islam gives them the divine purpose, ethical framework and worldview
  • 45.   The Bedouin nomad would be the ideal person in nature. His courage, his struggles , his desert toughness and desert qualities, Muslim context of politics, leadership and history
  • 46.   Freedom is only experienced in the context of man’s nature to expand through group feelings, through identification in family, in clan, in dynasty. Interdependence.
  • 47. Group unity Respect for parental authority Royal authority (needs kingship to prevent groups and clans infighting)  Bravery, Courage  Islam  Choice, Reason  Discipline  Social Order  Solidarity  Collectivism  Collective identity   
  • 48.  Ibn Khaldun most prominent icon of Muslim political history, macrohistorian
  • 49.     What is politics? What is the context of western and nonwestern definition of politics? What is politics, natural state of man according to Greek, Chinese, Indian, Islamic views? What are the nuances, intricacies of western and non-western definitions of politics?
  • 50.   What is the Filipino view of politics? (Read Samuel Huntington’s Book Clash of Civilizations and Geert Hoffstede Theory of Cultural Dimensions, local references) Do we have an Ilocano view of politics? What is its context? What is our emphasis? What is our level, degree of political socializations? What is our political culture?
  • 51.      How politics is learned? What is political culture? What is political socialization? How does it shape our political behavior? What motivates political action?
  • 52. what agent of political socialization do you think had the most effect on your attitudes and beliefs? What has been the result?
  • 53.    What is your political compass? Know your political preferences, political outlook, political views, political narratives. http://www.politicalcompass.org/ Take the test. Print your results. What do you think about it? Share. Discuss.
  • 54. Political Socialization and Culture. GVPT 100. September 17, 2007.  http://www.wadsworth.com/sociology_d/special _features/popups/virtual/10.html  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Political_culture  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2lPu_xYAck Q&feature=related  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politics  http://www.politicalcompass.org/index  
  • 55.   Political Culture Political Socialization
  • 56. Shermon Cruz, Peering into the Futures of Liberal Arts, Journal of Futures Studies. March 2012 Sohail Inayatullah, Understanding Sarkar: The Indian Episteme, Macrohistory and Transformative Knowledge, Brill, 2001