Jungle – survival of thefittest• It’s a jungle outthere!• Tiger always in abattle?• Life and organizationis dense, tangled andimpenetrablevegetation• Emotions evokethreat,powerlessness,disorientations,immobilisation• Future uncultivated
Chess Set - Strategy• Smart• Life is a liketournament, you’ve gotto have battles everyday• Control of the center• Power struggle• Winner takes all• Chess pawns of theKing/Queen (higherpower)?• Fire power can dowonders• Life is a strategy/ a tactic• Future is on a Stalemate• Future is Math
Mountain Tops – AlternativeFutures• Ive been to the mountain top• The promised land• High places for a moment ofreflection• A vista for the way forward• View from above• The journey is long, travellight• Enjoy the view• Life is liberating• Contouring uncertainties• Clarify alternatives• The big picture• I have seen and experiencedwhat’s possible• The future has a lot ofpossibilities
Star – Vision• The vision is luminousand radiant, glowingwith possibilities• The vision is detailedand actuallyreachable• The stars are thebright points of life• Guiding light• Divine inspiration• Inspiration, aspiration• Creative brilliance• I am a visionary / theorganization is avisionary• The future is neithertoo far nor too near
Using the futures landscape, what is yourmetaphor for the future (agrarian reformcommunities / agrarian reform development)?Why?
The Future• Not to predict but to forecast possibilities• To know the future and create our preferredfuture• The future is too complex for oneperson/organization/nation/civilization tocontrol• The future is not one but many futures• Humans have free will, humans can influence/ create the future (Inayatullah, 2013)
The future enters into us, in order totransform itself in us, long before it happensRainer Maria, Letter to a Young Poet
What constitutes reality in agrarian reformcommunities? agrarian reform development?(what is the present? what is real? what is felt? What ispossible? What is not? What is preferred?)
future triangle• Provide context to our discussion andexploration on the future of agrarian reformcommunities and/or agrarian reformdevelopment futures• Map three qualitative dimensions of thefuture so that plausible (likely future) can bebetter understood• For us to have a 3D (triangular) perspective ofARC futures
PULL OF THE FUTUREPUSH OF THEPRESENTWEIGHT OFHISTORYWhat are the images thatleads us forward? What ispulling us towards thefuture? Any competingdimensions of the future?What are the barriers tothe envisioned changes?What are the things thatdrag us back, that slowsus down?What are the pushes of thepresent that push us to thefuture? What are thedrivers or trends shaping thefuture
What will the future be like for Agrarian ReformCommunities say in the year 2025?
What are the hopes?what are the fears?what are the disowned?what is our preferred future?
What are the drivers / influencersshaping the future of agrarian reformcommunities? (with 2025 in mind)
List at least two (2) major issues / events thatmight drive / influence (based on yourexperience, socio-organizational context, view,feeling, projection, prospection) the future ofagrarian reform communities (with 2025 inmind)
What are the likely scenarios for agrarian reformcommunities in 2025?What are the hopes, fears in 2025?Are there hidden assumptions about the future say in2025?What is our preferred future? The future that we desiremost for agrarian reform communities?
alternative futureenvironment 1alternative futureenvironment 2alternative futureenvironment 3alternative futureenvironment 4
Best Case ScenarioWorst Case ScenarioOutliersBusiness as usual
Business as usual Scenario• Having things go along as usual• A situation that has returned to its usual stateagain after an unpleasant or surprising event• “Even right after the flood, it was business asusual in all the stores. Please, everyone, businessas usual. Lets get back to work.”• Spotlight on status quo / best as usual events• The consequence / impact of continuing currenttrends in, example, population, technology,governance, economics, urbanization, etc.(agrarian reform issues, events).
Worst Case Scenario• Worst possible environment or outcome outof the several possibilities in planning orsimulation.• Spotlight on dangers / worst case scenarioevents• a situation in which the most unfavourableconditions prevail• is a situation where everything that can gowrong has gone wrong.
Outlier Scenario• an event that is numerically distant from other events, thusappearing to be markedly different from other events in asample.• observation that is numerically distant from the rest of thedata.• outliers do indeed regularly occur (anomalous cases / wenow live in the abnormal times – frequency may increase)• Outlier can occur by chance, they are the unforeseeableevents, unsupervised scenarios• Spotlight on emerging, weak signals, out of the radarevents / outlier scenario events• Outlier detection can identify system faults and fraudbefore they escalate with potentially catastrophicconsequences (positive or negative).• Something unplanned and out control is bound to happen
Best Case Scenario• the optimum outcome being considered• the most favorable result possible• A better result than expected• a projection of future events that assumesonly the best possible circumstances• spotlights the best possible result• Best possible real world that you can ever get
Best Case ScenarioWorst Case ScenarioOutliersBusiness as usual
“If there is truer than truth.It’s story.”Jewish saying
Workshop• Each group has to create a story about the future ofagrarian reform communities using the two majordriver/influencer variables and archetype scenario (best,worst, outlier, business as usual) in mind.• The story should start in the year 2012 (sets the stage)progressing into the year 2015, 2020 and 2025. What arethe headlines in those years? What are the events, issuesthat has happened that led to the news headlines say in2015, 2020 and 2025? What is the resolution in 2025?What is you narrative? What is the title of the (your) story?• Be creative and use your imagination as much as possible.The catch, however, is that it should be plausible (heartfelt)and could happen in the future.• This does not mean, however, that we have to limit ourcapacity for creativity and imagination. Important in thisprocess is not the forecast but the insights that we get inthe scenario process.
when we think about the future, about themany possibilities of the future, the presentbecomes more remarkable, significant …
All successful people men and women are bigdreamers. They imagine what their future couldbe, ideal in every respect, and then they workevery day toward their distant vision, that goalor purpose.Brian Tracy
The best thing about the future is that it comesone day at a time.Abraham Lincoln