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The Holocaust
 

The Holocaust

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    The Holocaust The Holocaust Presentation Transcript

    • The holocaust
    • Introduction
      • Holocaust, the almost compl-ete destruction of Jews in Europe by Nazi Germany and its collaborators during World War II.
      • The leadership of Germany’s Nazi Party ordered the extermination of 5.6 to 5.9 million Jews
      • The word “holocaust” derives from the Greek holo(whole) and caustos(burned) and originally referred to a burnt offering, or a religious sacrifice that is totally consumed by fire.
      Many groups were targets of Nazi brutality. For example -
      • Roma (Gypsies); Germans who were mentally impaired or physically disabled; and homosexuals.
    • Background
      • Christians blamed the Jews for the crucifixion of Jesus
      • In the view of those who believed in the race theory, the Jews were a mongrel race—and a mortal threat to the “purity” of the “higher”race.
      • In Poland, Romania and the Baltic states they were known as carriers of communism
    • Persecution of Jews during the middle ages. They were thought to be the cause of the great plague.
      Romans destroying a Jewish temple in the years 66 AD and
      70 AD
    • Attitude towards jews after WW-I
      • Many Germans blamed the Jews for Germany’s defeat in World War I, some even claiming that German Jews had betrayed the nation during the war
      • Most of the leaders of the spartacist league were Jews. As a result, some Germans associated Jews with Bolsheviks and regarded both groups as dangerous enemies of Germany.
    • German Jews under Nazi regime
      Boycotting Jewish owned shops. 1st April 1933.
      A Jewish family leaving Germany, en route to Lithuania as german soldiers
      Jeer in the background.
    • A burning synagogue on the “night of broken glass”
      “Germans! Defend yourselves! Do not buy from Jews”
      • By 1938 two-thirds of German Jews had left the country.
      • 60 per cent of those who stayed had lost their livelihood
      • The authorities arrested 30,000 Jews and sent them to concentration camps, where they were severely mistreated.
      • At a meeting held two days after the pogrom, top Nazi leaders decided that the Jews of Germany should bear the cost of the destruction regardless of insurance coverage.
    • Nazi propaganda against the Jews
      This 1940 poster advertises the worst of the Nazi anti-Semitic films, "The Eternal Jew.
    • "The Jew: The inciter of war, the prolonger of war.“
    • This picture depicts a supposedly innocent German citizen paying a Jewish man as the Jewish man sprays lies onto him.
    • On the left is the Jewish worm, with a dollar sign and Communist hammer and sickle sign form each pupil; on the right is a depiction of The Wandering Jew
    • "The work of the Jews: fabrics, cement, cartels, factories. Wants everything!”
    • Beginnings of the exterminations
      “FOR EVER LET THIS PLACE BE CRY OF DESPAIR AND A WARNING TO HUMANITY, WHERE THE NAZIS MURDERED ABOUT ONE AND A HALF MILLION MEN, WOMEN, AND CHILDREN, MAINLY JEWS FROM VARIOUS COUNTRIES OF EUROPE.”
      AUSCHWITZ- BIRKENAU
      1940 - 1945
      English memorial in auschwitz-birkenau concentration camp in Poland where many Jews faced the Nazi brutality.
    • December 12, 1941, Joseph Goebbels-
      “As concerns the Jewish question, [Hitler] is determined to make a clean sweep. He had prophesied to the Jews that if they once again brought about a world war they would experience their own extermination. This was not just an empty phrase. The World War is there, the extermination of Jewry must be the necessary consequence.”
      • Beginning in late September 1941 German forces carried out large-scale actions in which whole Jewish communities were wiped out.
      • For instance, 33,000 Jews of Kiev, in Ukraine, were killed on September 29 and 30, 1941, in a ravine outside Kiev called Babi Yar.
      • In the autumn of 1941 a new phase began. Until then the targets had been Soviet Jews, but now the killing was extended to Jews in parts of Poland and Serbia.
      • During1941 to 1942 there was a pause in the shootings because the frozen ground prevented the digging of pits for burying the jews.
    • “The final solution”
      • In the autumn of 1941 the Nazis began deporting all the Jews of occupied Europe to the east (Poland and the western USSR) in order to exterminate them.
      • In the so-called euthanasia program, which had begun in the fall of 1939, Nazi doctors killed Germans with mental or physical disabilities.
      • Tens of thousands were murdered, mostly by the administration of carbon monoxide gas supplied in large metal bottles.
      • The countries from which Jews were deported included countries under German occupation—such as Norway, France, The Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Yugoslavia, and Greece.
      • First in line were the 3 million Polish Jews. Gassing commenced at three camps in the period from March to July 1942. Between 750,000 and 950,000 Jews were gassed at Treblinka; between 500,000 and 600,000 at Bełżec, and about 200,000 at Sobibór.
    • Some Holocaust memorials
      In Jerusalem – by Januscz korczak
    • Holocaust Memorial for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania – by David Ascalon.
      Yad vashem in Jerusalem
    • An interview with a holocaust survivor
      In this interview with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Holocaust survivor Susan (Strauss) Taube shares her memories of “THE NIGHT OF BROKEN GLASS.”
    • Made by-
      Paramdeep singh
      paramdeep@live.com
    • BIBILOGRAPHY-
      • WIKIPEDIA.ORG
      • USHMM.ORG
      • YOUTUBE.COM
      • ENCARTA
      • GOOGLE IMAGES