Tiberius (14-37 CE) Stepson of Augustus (Augustus outlived his  five appointed successors) Ruled with Augustus for last ...
Bottom Line on Tiberius Bitter, little man Scheming Suspicious Instituted a reign of terror Did not abuse power,  fai...
Gaius [Caligula] (37-41 CE) Adopted grandson of Tiberius   Great-grandson of Julius Caesar and Mark Antony Became ill a...
Bottom Line on Caligula Known for extravagance, cruelty and  eccentric personality Engaged in openly adulterous and ince...
Claudius (41-54 CE) Found cowering as Praetorians were looting  Caligula’s palace Nephew of Tiberius   Purging of famil...
Bottom Line on Claudius Physically weak Shrewd administrator   Extended Roman    citizenship in the provinces   Founde...
Nero (54-68 CE) Emperor at 16 and soon became a tyrant Murdered:   Agrippina, his mother, in 59 CE   Poppaea, pregnant...
Nero, continued 64 CE – accused of setting fire to Rome   2/3 of Rome destroyed Made Christians the scapegoat for the f...
Bottom Line on Nero Biased historical accounts leave us unable to  tell what really happened Senate revolted against him...
Vespasian (69-79 CE) Senate gave imperial power to Vespasian    after a year of civil war   Ruled well   Gave citizensh...
Titus (79-81 CE) Vespasian’s son Famous for capture of Jerusalem  in 70 CE Given a Triumphal Arch Emperor in 79 CE Id...
Domitian (81-96 CE) Younger brother of Titus Efficient but arrogant Hated the Senate Rule became tyrannical   Execute...
Nerva (96-98 CE) Chosen by the Senate to rule Started method of imperial succession Took the title of Augustus and chos...
Trajan (98-117 CE) Born in Spain Outstanding soldier and general Military conquests expanded  empire in the Middle East...
Bottom Line on Trajan Great soldier Able administrator Travelled the Empire to help stop rebellion
Hadrian (117-138 CE) Succeeded his adopted father, Trajan Great admirer of Greek culture Great soldier who spent much t...
Hadrian, continued Britain conquered by Claudius  in 43 CE Hadrian built a 73 mile (117 km)  defensive wall across Brita...
Bottom Line on Hadrian Great soldier Builder of defensive walls  and the Pantheon (rebuilt) Enemy of the Jewish  people...
Marcus Aurelius (161-180CE) Was co-emperor with his brother, Lucius    Verus, until Verus’ death in 169 CE   Spent most ...
Bottom Line on Aurelius Aurelius’ watch marked by fighting the  “barbarians” Known for his Stoic philosophy, “Meditation...
Diocletian (284-304 AD) Stabilized Empire Had a rule of four where everyone looked  over various aspects of the Empire ...
Constantine (307-337 AD) Involved in many civil wars to consolidate  power First Christian Emperor   Reversed persecuti...
Winner of All-Time Worst RomanEmperor… Marcus Aurelius Antonius  Heliogabalus (218-224 CE) Emperor at 14 Held the hered...
 Raped, married, then divorced a vestal virgin    known as aquilia severa (the “great sewer”)   Enjoyed pretending to be...
Rome’s Emperors
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Rome’s Emperors

1,817
-1

Published on

Published in: Education
1 Comment
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • I Got The Full File, I Just Wanna Share to You Guyszz.. It's Working You Can The Download The Full File + Instructions Here : http://gg.gg/setupexe
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,817
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
85
Comments
1
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Rome’s Emperors

  1. 1. Tiberius (14-37 CE) Stepson of Augustus (Augustus outlived his five appointed successors) Ruled with Augustus for last 10 years of Augustus’ life  Had never held an administrative position before Ruled from Isle of Capri, wanted Senate to act without him Led a life of debauchery (manic depressive) Christ crucified during his reign
  2. 2. Bottom Line on Tiberius Bitter, little man Scheming Suspicious Instituted a reign of terror Did not abuse power, failed to use it! Crowd rejoiced at his death
  3. 3. Gaius [Caligula] (37-41 CE) Adopted grandson of Tiberius  Great-grandson of Julius Caesar and Mark Antony Became ill after a few months in power and became insane  Sacrificed 160,000 slaves to the gods Caligula is Latin for “little baby boots” Claimed he was a god Made a serious attempt to have his horse elected Consul Very cruel and unpopular – assassinated with wife and daughter by own guard
  4. 4. Bottom Line on Caligula Known for extravagance, cruelty and eccentric personality Engaged in openly adulterous and incestuous affairs What we know might be just rumours
  5. 5. Claudius (41-54 CE) Found cowering as Praetorians were looting Caligula’s palace Nephew of Tiberius  Purging of family tree by previous emperors made him sole heir Though intelligent and well-educated, he was physically crippled and frail/weak Added the province of Britain (43 CE) , named after his son, Britannicus All 5 marriages ended in failure (first wife died on wedding night!) Poisoned to death (mushrooms) by fifth wife (also his niece) to make Nero emperor
  6. 6. Bottom Line on Claudius Physically weak Shrewd administrator  Extended Roman citizenship in the provinces  Founded Roman cities in the provinces
  7. 7. Nero (54-68 CE) Emperor at 16 and soon became a tyrant Murdered:  Agrippina, his mother, in 59 CE  Poppaea, pregnant second wife by kicking her to death  Second wife’s husband  Seneca, his teacher/advisor  Britannicus, his step-brother Entered the Olympics and won through bribery!
  8. 8. Nero, continued 64 CE – accused of setting fire to Rome  2/3 of Rome destroyed Made Christians the scapegoat for the fire and carried out first persecutions of Christians  Apostles Peter and Paul died in Rome Many Romans sacrificed in “sports” events Great artist: painted, sculpted, sang, acted 68 CE – committed suicide as 3 provinces were in revolt and Praetorian Guard deserted him Last of Julius Caesar’s bloodline
  9. 9. Bottom Line on Nero Biased historical accounts leave us unable to tell what really happened Senate revolted against him, declared an enemy of the state Very extravagant – taxed the Patricians Poster child showing the folly of excess
  10. 10. Vespasian (69-79 CE) Senate gave imperial power to Vespasian after a year of civil war Ruled well Gave citizenship to people of many provinces Founded the Flavian dynasty Built Roman Colosseum First emperor since Augustus who did not die violently/unnaturally
  11. 11. Titus (79-81 CE) Vespasian’s son Famous for capture of Jerusalem in 70 CE Given a Triumphal Arch Emperor in 79 CE Ideal Emperor  He spent lavish sums on games and monuments Gave financial aid to people who suffered from explosion of Mount Vesuvius / victims of the fire of Rome
  12. 12. Domitian (81-96 CE) Younger brother of Titus Efficient but arrogant Hated the Senate Rule became tyrannical  Executed anyone suspected of even the mildest form of dissent Assassinated by those paid by his wife Domitilla in 96 CE, thus ending the Flavian Dynasty
  13. 13. Nerva (96-98 CE) Chosen by the Senate to rule Started method of imperial succession Took the title of Augustus and chose a Caesar to replace him Increased welfare payments to the masses
  14. 14. Trajan (98-117 CE) Born in Spain Outstanding soldier and general Military conquests expanded empire in the Middle East Conquered Dacia (Romania) and Parthia  Dacian conquests commemorated by a sculpted column Public works projects in Rome included baths, markets, basilica, and new forum
  15. 15. Bottom Line on Trajan Great soldier Able administrator Travelled the Empire to help stop rebellion
  16. 16. Hadrian (117-138 CE) Succeeded his adopted father, Trajan Great admirer of Greek culture Great soldier who spent much time with his armies on the frontier establishing permanent barriers against the barbarians Gave up new territories in the East, except Dacia Political reformer: Senators, Equities received training
  17. 17. Hadrian, continued Britain conquered by Claudius in 43 CE Hadrian built a 73 mile (117 km) defensive wall across Britain to separate Romans from barbarians Wall is 20 bricks high and 2.5 meters wide; small forts installed every 1,500 meters and lookouts every 500 meters; manned by 13,000 auxiliaries living on south side Wall took 3 legions 5 years to build
  18. 18. Bottom Line on Hadrian Great soldier Builder of defensive walls and the Pantheon (rebuilt) Enemy of the Jewish peoples Very versatile  Intellect  Artist
  19. 19. Marcus Aurelius (161-180CE) Was co-emperor with his brother, Lucius Verus, until Verus’ death in 169 CE Spent most of his rule on the frontiers keeping barbarians out Increased size of army and taxes, yet lowered taxes for the poor Lenient towards political criminals Plague killed thousands during his watch; this caused much doubt in Rome and the Empire
  20. 20. Bottom Line on Aurelius Aurelius’ watch marked by fighting the “barbarians” Known for his Stoic philosophy, “Meditations”  Transient nature of all things on earth  Do not let emotion override reason  Do not lament things that happen outside of your power to control  The only thing you can control is your attitude/outlook
  21. 21. Diocletian (284-304 AD) Stabilized Empire Had a rule of four where everyone looked over various aspects of the Empire Secured their borders from invaders from all corners Persecuted Christians  Destroyed religious texts, places of worship Changed format of gov’t, military and economy (larger, more organized) Abdicated throne due to illness
  22. 22. Constantine (307-337 AD) Involved in many civil wars to consolidate power First Christian Emperor  Reversed persecutions through Edict of Milan Created the city of Constantinople  New capital of Rome  Becomes Byzantine Empire when Rome splits  Constantinople is capital for over 1000 years Fought many Barbarian groups to keep Rome safe
  23. 23. Winner of All-Time Worst RomanEmperor… Marcus Aurelius Antonius Heliogabalus (218-224 CE) Emperor at 14 Held the hereditary rank of high priest to the Carthaginian and Syrian sun-god Ba’al  Cattle, sheep, severed human genitalia, and young boys sacrificed to god Ba’al Homosexual Bore a strong desire to be a woman: plucked hairs from body, wore make-up, wanted a sex change operation
  24. 24.  Raped, married, then divorced a vestal virgin known as aquilia severa (the “great sewer”) Enjoyed pretending to be a prostitute, offering himself naked to passers by in the palace, and he prostituted himself in the taverns and brothels of Rome Rather enjoyed severe punishments for having been caught He and his mother executed and bodies thrown into Tiber River Heliogabalus’ followers fate: had genitals ripped off and pierced by pikes in the anus “so that their death fitted their lives”
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×