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Introduction to Fascism

Introduction to Fascism



A brief introduction to Fascism for use in WWII unit

A brief introduction to Fascism for use in WWII unit



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    Introduction to Fascism Introduction to Fascism Presentation Transcript

    •  Benito Mussolini created the ideology  Origin is from ancient techniques or ruling  Fascismo means “bundle” or group  Refers to a bundle of sticks tied to a single axe  Used by Ancient Romans  Symbolism is that one handle could be easily broken, many would strengthen it  Strength in unity
    •  Plato’s Republic  Ancient Greece, Philosopher Kings  Julius Caesar: warrior, wise man, Roman  Machiavelli's The Prince  People are self-centered, unable to govern themselves  Friedrich Nietzsche  ubermensch (superman) theory, anti-god
    •  Opposite of       democracy, extreme right No individual or capitalism Distinct social classes State believes in war, natural selection, survival of the fittest Imperialistic and militaristic Authoritarian rule Violence is used to deal with resistance
    •  Leaders would prey on a nation in     crisis Answer to Communism and Democracy  Were not working after WWI Promise to return country to its glory  Restore economy, jobs, power Everything they do is for the good of the state  They would idealize their past Progress through conquering  In and out of country
    •  Mussolini: waged war for the sake of it  True fascism  Took Ethiopia and Greek Islands  Hitler: had a purpose  Not necessary  Took back “German” land  Re-unite German people
    •  Rejection of happiness  Women were to make babies (new soldiers)  Youth moulded into soldiers  1 ethnic group made important  1 ethnic group to be a target
    •  Many rallies, parades, posters to promote the state  Reject religion or use it to their advantage  Censorship: no media can criticize  Burn books  No freedom of thought
    • Nazism
    • Iron Guard
    • Falangism
    • Imperial Rule Assistance Association
    •  Short span of popularity (1918-1945)  People started to grow tired of it and realized how damaging it was  WWII – Allies defeated three largest Fascist countries  Fascists gave us distinct villains to hate  Unlike WWI  Small pockets today (skin heads, neo Nazis, segregation)
    •  Stuff You Should Know Podcast  http://ghostline.wordpress.com/2007/08/13/umno-youth-hulubalang-bunyi- macam-nazi-aje/  http://eternity.xhost.ro/adolfhitler.html  http://bisericasecreta.wordpress.com/2008/11/08/cine-l-a-asasinat-pe- corneliu-zelea-codreanu/  http://www.kantei.go.jp/foreign/cabinet/34_e.html  http://interloper.org/images/2008/fascism.jpg  http://specialcollections.library.wisc.edu/exhibits/Fascism/Images/Big/FRY64- 550.jpeg  http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-bloggers/2207282/posts  http://www.militaryimages.net/photopost/showphoto.php?photo=1426