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High middle ages

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  • Trivium and Quadrivium = the 7 liberal arts Trivium -grammar, logic, rhetoric Quadrivium -math, geometry, music, astronomy
  • Romanesque -rounded arches -cramped and dark -small windows b/c walls and columns had to be massive to carry weight of entire building Gothic -pointed arches -bigger windows, reduced number of structural supports, opened interior to create sensation of height and light Flying Buttress -bear weight of structure and reduce need for massive walls and thick pillars
  • Motte & Bailey: -wood structure built on a motte (mound) and protected by timber palisade -motte surrounded by a ditch which separated it from an outer compound (bailey) -second palisade surrounded the bailey -bridge allowed people to cross the ditch
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    • 1. High Middle Ages:Coming Out of theDark 1100-1300 CE
    • 2. Peace and Prosperity FactorsRevitalization of the Church (Crusades)Agricultural revolution and rise of feudalismRevival of trade and the urban revolutionRise of national monarchiesDevelopment of universitiesArchitecture: cathedrals and castles Flying King John Buttress of England
    • 3. The Crusades 1095-1291 CEEffects  Reduced internal warring in Europe  Papacy gains prestige as defender of Christendom  Rise of trade in Italy (transporting men, supplies)Contact with Muslims  New foods, bathing, fine Asian goods  Scientific and cultural knowledge  Islamic learning schools established in France and Spain
    • 4. Agricultural RevolutionThree-field rotationHeavy plough and horse collarWindmills and water powerLed to population growth and urban renewal
    • 5. Agricultural Revolution
    • 6. Trade and Urbanization Increased Trade Rise of Guilds M d ie va l e Stre e t Walled City of Carcassone, France
    • 7. Universities 12th century RenaissanceGreek and Roman classics rediscoveredUniversities established in Bologne, Paris, OxfordTrivium (grammar, logic, rhetoric) and Quadrivium (math, geometry, music, astronomy)
    • 8. ArchitectureRomanesque to Gothic San Flying Pantaleo Buttress Italy Chartres Last Cathedral Judgement at , France Conques, France
    • 9. Castles Stone CastlesMotte & Bailey Castle Bamburgh Castle, England
    • 10. Credits www.zeitlerweb.com/img/1340.jpg http://farm1.static.flickr.com/155/404624031_ec653de75c.jpg www.windermere-gallery.com/king-john.jpg http://farm1.static.flickr.com/104/308857676_e8481b9dba.jpg http://www.uncp.edu/home/rwb/fontenay_air.jpg http://www.uncp.edu/home/rwb/henry4_throne.jpg http://www.uncp.edu/home/rwb/Crusades_Map.gif http://m1.ikiwq.com/img/xl/wQCTHFewVIosU9waEAT67b.png http://go.hrw.com/venus_images/0377MC11.gif http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_PcokN1PqfE0/TRvUKzlef4I/AAAAAAAAAvw/q2SIq13kJ6k/s1600/003%2BMedieval%2BLife.GIF http://www.uncp.edu/home/rwb/medieval_market_ms.jpg http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/imagemid/hanseaticSmall.gif http://www.uncp.edu/home/rwb/Carcassone.jpg http://www.traditioninaction.org/SOD/SODimages3/108_BecketMurder.jpg http://img.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2007/09_04/MagnaCarteG_468x578.jpg http://www.uncp.edu/home/rwb/capetian_france.gif http://noskoff.lib.ru/pina/UTRILLO/Notre-Dame-Cathedral.jpg http://charlespaolino.files.wordpress.com/2010/05/claire-aquinas.jpg http://twflood.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/medieval-university1.jpg http://sacred-destinations.com/images/phaidon-art-museum/slides/xti_1131p.jpg http://www.fromoldbooks.org/Thompson-CathedralChurches/pages/145-Flying-Buttresses/145-Flying-Buttresses-985x1472.jpg http://www.proprofs.com/flashcards/upload/q849026.jpg http://www.conisbroughcastle.org.uk/CastleHistory/motte-n-baileyCastle.jpg

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