Canada’s electoral system nov update

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Canada’s electoral system nov update

  1. 1. Why Does Voting Matter?
  2. 2. Ridings  Canada is divided into 308 federal Ridings (or Electoral Districts)  Riding (Constituency) – a clearly defined geographic area for political purposes  A riding contains approximately 100,000 people
  3. 3. Ridings  Because ridings are based on population, some are geographically large while others are small
  4. 4. Ridings
  5. 5. Kitchener-Conestoga District number Region Area Population** Polling divisions Number of electors on lists 35038 Ontario Region 996 km2 96,708 190 71,522
  6. 6. Kitchener-Waterloo District number Region Area Population** Polling divisions Number of electors on lists 35039 Ontario Region 91 km2 113,826 232 87,444
  7. 7. Elections  During an election, voting citizens elect one candidate to represent each riding  Candidates usually represent a political party, but may also run independently  The candidate with the most votes (plurality) wins
  8. 8. Voter turnout in the 40th and 41st general elections, 2008 and 2011
  9. 9. 40th Election
  10. 10. 41st General Election
  11. 11. 40th Election
  12. 12. 41st Election
  13. 13. Elections  The winning candidate becomes the Member of Parliament for their riding  Each Member of Parliament (MP) has a seat in the House of Commons (until the next election) and will represent the interests of their constituency  Most MPs also sit as a member of a particular political party  When voting in Parliament, each MP has one (1) vote
  14. 14. 2006 Election – National Results
  15. 15. 2008 Election – National Results
  16. 16. 2011 Election – National Results
  17. 17. The Government  Members of Parliament sit together with other members of the same political party  The political party with the most Members of Parliament forms the government  The leader of this party becomes the Prime Minister  The Prime Minister chooses Cabinet Ministers  Cabinet Ministers - have the responsibility of running major federal departments
  18. 18. The Opposition  All other parties become opposition parties, but the party with the second most seats becomes the Official Opposition  Some members of the Official Opposition also form a Shadow Cabinet headed by the Leader of the Official Opposition  This group is responsible for criticizing and challenging the Cabinet After Jack Layton lost his battle with Cancer, Thomas Mulcair won the NDP leadership bid.
  19. 19. The Government  There can only be three types of government in Canada 1. Majority Government 2. Minority Government 3. Coalition Government
  20. 20. Majority Government  When a political party wins more than half (155) of the ridings in the election  The leader of this party becomes the prime minister  The party in power will have little difficulty passing legislation
  21. 21. Majority Government
  22. 22. Minority Government  When a political party wins more ridings than any other party, but does not win more than half (155)  The leader of this party becomes the prime minister  The party in power depends on support from other parties to pass legislation
  23. 23. Minority Government
  24. 24. Coalition Government  Occurs when there is a minority government  Two parties join together to form a minority or majority government  The Leader of one of these parties becomes the prime minister
  25. 25. Coalition Government - 2008 (?)
  26. 26. Coalition Government
  27. 27. Canada’s Current Government http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Party_standings_in_the_Canadian_House_of_Commons

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