Free Software for Chile

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Presentación de Georg Greve de Free Software Foundation Europe en el seminario: …

Presentación de Georg Greve de Free Software Foundation Europe en el seminario:
Sobre Software Libre en la Administración del Estado, en la sede Padre Alonso de Ovalle de DuocUC, lunes 20 de agosto de 2007

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  • 1. Free Software for Chile Georg Greve greve@fsfeurope.org Free Software Foundation Europe Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 1
  • 2. 0. Roadmap Approaching the issues 1. Free Software Basics 2. Regulatory perspective 3. Economic perspective 4. Government 5. Education 6. Free Software in practice 7. SELF Project Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 2
  • 3. 1. Free Software Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 3
  • 4. 1. Free Software Free for freedom, not price. Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 3
  • 5. 1. Free Software Free for freedom, not price. 1. Freedom: unlimited use, for any purpose 2. Freedom: study and modify 3. Freedom: copy / distribute 4. Freedom: distribute modifications Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 3
  • 6. 1. Free Software Free for freedom, not price. 1. Freedom: unlimited use, for any purpose 2. Freedom: study and modify 3. Freedom: copy / distribute 4. Freedom: distribute modifications First publication: January 1989 From Copyright to Freedom: Copyright allows licensing licensing grants Freedom GNU GPL, X11 License, BSD, MIT, ... Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 3
  • 7. 1. Clarity matters 1983: Free Software January 1989: ”four Freedoms”; DFSG (1997) 1992: Libre Software European Context 1998: Open Source Proposed marketing term for Free Software 200X: FOSS (”Free / Open Source Software”) redundant, combines ambiguity 2003: FLOSS (”Free/Libre/Open Source”) triple redundant, combines all ambiguities Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 4
  • 8. 1. Clarity matters 1983: Free Software IDENTICAL January 1989: ”four Freedoms”; DFSG (1997) 1992: Libre Software European Context LICENCE 1998: Open Source Proposed marketing term for Free Software 200X: FOSS (”Free / Open Source Software”) BASE redundant, combines ambiguity 2003: FLOSS (”Free/Libre/Open Source”) triple redundant, combines all ambiguities Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 4
  • 9. 1. Essential Free Software = freedom to use study modify distribute Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 5
  • 10. 2. Regulatory perspective Code shapes the physical laws of digital space Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 6
  • 11. 2. Regulatory perspective Code shapes the physical laws of digital space Code & Law are both regulators! Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 6
  • 12. 2. Regulatory perspective Code shapes the physical laws of digital space Code & Law are both regulators! Who owns your software? Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 6
  • 13. 2. Regulatory perspective Code shapes the physical laws of digital space Code & Law are both regulators! Who owns your software? Without software control, who controls the data? Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 6
  • 14. 2. Regulatory perspective Code shapes the physical laws of digital space Code & Law are both regulators! Who owns your software? Without software control, who controls the data? What about the government? Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 6
  • 15. 2. Regulatory perspective Code shapes the physical laws of digital space Code & Law are both regulators! Who owns your software? Without software control, who controls the data? What about the government? Software is not policy neutral! Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 6
  • 16. 3. Economic perspective 1. communication required Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 7
  • 17. 3. Economic perspective 1. communication required 2. five intermediaries Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 7
  • 18. 3. Economic perspective 1. communication required 2. five intermediaries 3. proprietary software: rewards lock-in through ”value-adding” Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 7
  • 19. 3. Economic perspective 1. communication required 2. five intermediaries 3. proprietary software: rewards lock-in through ”value-adding” Proprietary model encourages monopolies, Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 7
  • 20. 3. Economic perspective 1. communication required 2. five intermediaries 3. proprietary software: rewards lock-in through ”value-adding” Proprietary model encourages monopolies, proliferating into the hardware domain Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 7
  • 21. 3. Economic perspective 1. communication required 2. five intermediaries 3. proprietary software: rewards lock-in through ”value-adding” Proprietary model encourages monopolies, proliferating into the hardware domain Fraunhofer ISST study: > 50% of German industry > 80% of German exports depend on ICT! Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 7
  • 22. 4. Government Governments must be accessible to all, so Governments using proprietary technology lose control over decisions and data spread monopoly at cost of local economy force population into similar dependency transfer economic power out of country Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 8
  • 23. 4. Government Governments must be accessible to all, so Governments using proprietary technology lose control over decisions and data spread monopoly at cost of local economy force population into similar dependency transfer economic power out of country Conflict: It is the responsibility of governments to protect freedom of competition! Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 8
  • 24. 5. Freedom to study in education No secret arts Everything can be learned No built-in barriers Learn as much as you want No sand box games Learn from the best at the state of the art Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 9
  • 25. 5. Freedom to study in education No secret arts Everything can be learned No built-in barriers Learn as much as you want No sand box games Learn from the best at the state of the art Sustainable learning Learn principles, not products! Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 9
  • 26. 5. Freedom to study in education No secret arts Everything can be learned No built-in barriers Learn as much as you want No sand box games Learn from the best at the state of the art Sustainable learning Learn principles, not products! Prevent exclusion: Take the software home Teach the family Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 9
  • 27. 6. Free Software in practice Municipality of Munich, Germany richest municipality of Germany significant IT industry primary reason: Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 10
  • 28. 6. Free Software in practice Municipality of Munich, Germany richest municipality of Germany significant IT industry primary reason: strategic decision for political independence Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 10
  • 29. 6. Free Software in practice Municipality of Munich, Germany richest municipality of Germany significant IT industry primary reason: strategic decision for political independence Junta de Extremadura, Spain one of the poorest in Europe almost entirely first sector primary reason: Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 10
  • 30. 6. Free Software in practice Municipality of Munich, Germany richest municipality of Germany significant IT industry primary reason: strategic decision for political independence Junta de Extremadura, Spain one of the poorest in Europe almost entirely first sector primary reason: education and economic capacity building Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 10
  • 31. 7. SELF Project Science, Education and Learning in Freedom http://selfproject.eu learning and knowledge technology on Free Software, ...with global consortium methodology for Free courseware and knowledge, ...so others will be able to follow in their fields build courses on Free Software and Open Standards, ...providing universal resource in our expert field Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 11
  • 32. 7. SELF Project Science, Education and Learning in Freedom http://selfproject.eu learning and knowledge technology on Free Software, ...with global consortium methodology for Free courseware and knowledge, ...so others will be able to follow in their fields build courses on Free Software and Open Standards, ...providing universal resource in our expert field Give a man a fish... Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 11
  • 33. 7. SELF Project Science, Education and Learning in Freedom http://selfproject.eu learning and knowledge technology on Free Software, ...with global consortium methodology for Free courseware and knowledge, ...so others will be able to follow in their fields build courses on Free Software and Open Standards, ...providing universal resource in our expert field Give a man a fish... SELF is teaching people to fish their own knowledge ...to build sustainable education Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 11
  • 34. Contact Thank you for your attention! Georg C. F. Greve <greve@fsfeurope.org> FSFE, President Free Software Foundation Europe Sumatrastrasse 25 8006 Z¨rich u Switzerland http://fsfeurope.org Free Software for Chile – 20 August 2007 – Ministry of Education, Santiago, Chile – p. 12