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Tips on how to take
better library photos.
Types of digital cameras
• Webcams/phone cams
• Point and shoot
• Advanced Consumer
• Prosumer dSLR
• Professional dSLR
• What are pixels? The word "pixel" means a picture
element. Every photograph, in digital form, is made up
of pixels. They are the smallest unit of information that
makes up a picture. Usually round or square, they are
typically arranged in a 2-dimensional grid.
• In the next image, one portion has been magnified
many times over so that you can see its individual
composition in pixels. As you can see, the pixels
approximate the actual image. The more pixels you
have, the more closely the image resembles the
For more information, visit http://www.ultimate-
Setting the Right F-Stop for Your
• Use an almost-wide-open f-stop to boost
• Adjust your depth of field by moving f-stops.
• Avoid too-small f-stops.
• A prefix on film speed ratings that stands for
International Standards Organization, the
group that standardizes, among other things,
the figures that define the relative speed of
• Rule of Thirds
– The rule of thirds is the simplest rule of
composition. All you do is take your frame and
overlay a grid of nine equal sections. This means
you split the vertical space into three parts and
the horizontal space into three parts.
• Photographing your subject straight-on is
sometimes the right choice, but you can
create visual impact by moving the camera
left, right, above, and below.