SLAVERY DIVIDES THE NATION

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BRIEF DESCRIPTION ABOUT THE MAJOR EVENTS WHICH LED TO THE CIVIL WAR

BRIEF DESCRIPTION ABOUT THE MAJOR EVENTS WHICH LED TO THE CIVIL WAR

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  • 1. SLAVERY DIVIDES THE NATION (EVENTS WHICH LED TO THE CIVIL WAR)
  • 2. HOW DID SLAVERY DIVIDE THE NATION???
  • 3. WHAT WAS THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE??  THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE ALLOWED MAINE TO JOIN THE UNION AS A FREE STATE AND MISSOURI TO JOIN AS A SLAVE STATE.  THE 36'30' LINE WAS CREATED TO KEEP SLAVERY BELOW THE LINE
  • 4. WHY WAS THERE CONFLICT OVER SLAVERY IN THE WEST??  THE WILMOT PROVISO TRIED TO BAN SLAVERY ANY TERRITORIES WON FROM MEXICO.  ABOLITIONIST WANTED SLAVERY BANNED THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY. SOUTHERN SLAVEHOLDERS WANTED SLAVERY ALLOWED IN ANY TERRITORY
  • 5. WHY DID THE FREE SOIL PARTY FORM??  THE MAIN GOAL OF THE FREE SOIL PARTY WAS TO KEEP SLAVERY OUT OF OF THE WESTERN TERRITORIES
  • 6. WHAT WAS THE COMPROMISE OF 1850???  THE COMPROMISE HAD FIVE PARTS  IT ALLOWED CALIFORNIA TO JOIN THE UNION AS A FREE STATE  BANNED THE SLAVE TRADE IN WASHINGTON D.C
  • 7. THREE MORE PARTS OF THE COMPROMISE OF 1850  PEOPLE IN NEW MEXICO AND UTAH COULD VOTE IN SLAVERY  TEXAS WOULD GIVE MORE LAND TO NEW MEXICO  INCLUDED A FUGITVE SLAVE ACT
  • 8. WHAT WAS THE FUGITIVE SLAVE ACT???  THE FUGITIVE SLAVE ACT OF 1850 REQUIRED ALL WHITE CITIZENS TO HELP CATCH RUNAWAY SLAVES  PEOPLE WHO LET SLAVES ESCAPE COULD BE FINED $1,000 AND JAILED  JUDGES RECEIVED $10 FOR SENDING FOR SENDING PEOPLE BACK AND $5 FOR SETTING SOMEONE FREE
  • 9. HOW DID PEOPLE REACT TO THE FUGITIVE SLAVE ACT AND THE REST OF THE COMPROMISE???  NORTHERNERS WERE ANGRY, BECAUSE THE LAW MADE THEM A PART OF THE SLAVE SYSTEM  DESPITE THE COMPROMISE, TENSIONS REMAINED HIGH BECAUSE NEITHER SIDE GOT EVERYTHING THAT IT WANTED.
  • 10. HOW DID THE NOVEL “UNCLE TOM'S CABIN” AFFECT THE NORTH  IN 1852 HARRIET BEECHER STOWE ADDED TO THE GROWING ANTI SLAVERY MOOD BY WRITING “UNCLE TOM'S CABIN”  A STORY ABOUT SLAVERY  THE NOVEL HELPED TO CHANGE THE WAY THE NORTH FELT ABOUT SLAVERY.  THE SOUTH DISLIKED THE BOOK AND SAID “IT DID NOT GIVE A TRUE PICTURE OF SLAVE LIFE”.
  • 11. WHAT WAS THE KANSAS- NEBRASKA ACT???  KANSAS AND NEBRASKA WOULD ALLOW THE SETTLERS LIVING IN THE TERRITORIES TO DECIDE IF THEY WANT SLAVERY BY VOTING
  • 12. WHY WAS KANSAS CALLED “BLEEDING KANSAS???  KANSAS HAD TWO GOVERNMENTS (ONE ANTI-SLAVERY AND ONE PRO-SLAVERY)  BOTH SIDES BEGAN TO FIGHT AGAINST EACH OTHER, MORE THAN 200 PEOPLE HAD BEEN KILLED.
  • 13. WHAT WAS THE DRED SCOTT CASE???  DRED SCOTT HAD BEEN ENSLAVED FOR MANY YEARS, THEN HIS OWNER MOVED TO IL AND WI  AFTER HIS OWNER DIED, LAWYERS ARGUED DRED SCOTT SHOULD BE FREE BECAUSE HE HAD LIVED IN FREE TERRITORIES (IL AND WI)  HIS CASE WENT TO THE U.S. SUPREME COURT (HIGHEST COURT IN THE U.S.)
  • 14. WHAT WAS THE RESULT OF THE DRED SCOTT CASE???  THE U.S. SUPREME COURT RULED THAT BLACKS, BECAUSE OF THEIR RACE WERE NOT PERSONS BEFORE THE LAW  THE U.S. SUPREME COURT SAID “BLACKS WERE NOT CITIZENS AND HAVE NO RIGHTS WHICH WHITE MEN HAVE TO RESPECT”.  ALSO THE COURT RULED CONGRESS HAD NO AUTHORITY TO LIMIT SLAVERY TO ANY TERRITORY
  • 15. WHY DID THE REPUBLICAN PARTY FORM AND WHAT WAS ITS GOAL?  THE REPUBLICAN PARTY WAS FORMED BY A GROUP OF FREE SOILERS,NORTHERN DEMOCRATS, AND ANTI- SLAVERY WHIGS  THE GOAL OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY WAS TO KEEP SLAVERY OUT OF THE WESTERN TERRITORIES
  • 16. WHO WAS JOHN BROWN??  JOHN BROWN AND HIS SONS KILLED FIVE PRO-SLAVERY MEN IN KANSAS  HE WENT TO HARPERS FERRY TO GAIN WEAPONS FOR AFRICANS TO REBEL AGAINST THEIR SLAVE MASTERS.  NO ONE CAME TO HELP BROWN AND HIS MEN
  • 17. WHAT HAPPENDED TO JOHN BROWN??  JOHN BROWN WAS CAPTURED AND CHARGED WITH TREASON  BROWN WAS FOUND GUILTY AND SENTENCED TO DEATH  IN THE NORTH MANY FELT BROWN WAS A MARTYR  IN THE SOUTH MANY FELT BROWN WAS A VILLIAN
  • 18. LINCOLN IS ELECTED (THE FINAL EVENT WHICH DIVIDED THE NATION)  LINCOLN, A REPUBLICAN WON THE ELECTION OF 1860  THE SOUTH BELIEVED THE PRESIDENT AND CONGRESS WOULD BE AGAINST THEIR INTEREST (MAINLY SLAVERY)  IN DECEMBER, SC BECAME THE FIRST STATE TO SECEDE. AL, FL, GA, LA, MS AND TX ALSO LEFT THE UNION
  • 19. WHY DID THE SOUTH SECEDE???  THE SOUTH USED THIS SECTION IN THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE AS ONE REASON TO LEAVE THE UNION, “IT'S THE RIGHT OF THE PEOPLE TO ALTER OR TO ABOLISH A GOVERNMENT THAT DENIES THE RIGHT OF CITIZENS,”
  • 20. WHERE DID THE CIVIL WAR BEGIN??  THE CIVIL WAR BEGINS IN SC AT FORT SUMTER WHEN CONFEDERATE TROOPS BOMBED THE FORT.
  • 21. WHO TOOK GREAT NOTE??? 1. WHAT WAS THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE? 2. HOW MANY PARTS DID THE COMPROMISE OF 1850 HAVE? 3. NAME THREE PARTS OF THE COMPROMISE OF 1850? 4. WHAT DID THE FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW REQUIRE?
  • 22. WHO DIDN'T FALL ASLEEP?? 5. WHO WROTE THE NOVEL “UNCLE TOM'S CABIN? 6. WHAT WAS THE KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT? 7. WHAT WAS THE RESULT OF THE DRED SCOTT CASE? 8. WHAT WAS THE GOAL OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY?
  • 23. FOUR MORE QUESTIONS AND WE ARE DONE!!!! 9. WHAT DID JOHN BROWN TRY TO DO AT HARPERS FERRY? 10. WHAT DID THE SOUTHERN STATES DO WHEN LINCOLN WAS ELECTED PRESIDENT? 11. WHAT DOCUMENT DID THE SOUTH USE AS A REASON FOR SECEDING? 12. WHERE DID THE CIVIL WAR BEGIN?