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Reform movement

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BRIEF REVIEW ABOUT THE EARLY REFORMS DURING THE 1800'S

BRIEF REVIEW ABOUT THE EARLY REFORMS DURING THE 1800'S

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  • 1. REFORM MOVEMENTS AND A NEW AMERICAN CULTURE
  • 2. WHAT IS REFORM??? • SOMEONE IS TRYING TO CHANGE SOMETHING. • IN THE 1800'S PEOPLE SAW HOW MANY INSTITUTIONS IN THE U.S. WERE AND FELT REFORM WAS NECESSARY • MANY OF THE REFORMERS WERE WOMEN • SOME OF THE MOVEMENTS WERE ENDING SLAVERY, DRINKING ALCOHOL EDUCATION, WOMEN'S RIGHTS, JAILS AND MENTAL INSTITUTIONS
  • 3. WHAT WAS THE SECOND GREAT AWAKENING???? • Renewal of religious faith in the early 1800s • Anyone could receive salvation • Traveling preachers held camp meetings where they preached that faith led to helping others • This awakened the reform spirit of America as people began to believe they could act to make things better
  • 4. WHO WAS DOROTHEA DIX???? • Dorothea Dix campaigned for the mentally ill and prison reform. • Her efforts led to the building of 32 new mental institutions, and prisons began calling for rehabilitation • Schools for the deaf and the blind were also started
  • 5. WHAT WAS THE TEMPERANCE MOVEMENT??? The Temperance Movement was a campaign to stop the drinking of alcohol and benefit society. Supported by women who said it led to the breakup of the family Alcohol was banned in 13 states.
  • 6. WHAT WERE SOME IMPROVEMENTS IN EDUCATION??? • Few children attended school. • Horace Mann asked the state (MA) for money for education. • Under Mann new schools were built, school year extended, and school to train teachers opened.
  • 7. WHAT WERE SOME IMPROVEMENTS IN EDUCATION FOR BLACKS??? • A few states set up schools for black students. • Blacks opened their own schools to educate their children • Some Blacks attended private colleges like Harvard or Oberlin.
  • 8. WHAT WAS THE ABOLITIONIST MOVEMENT??? • An abolitionist wanted to end or abolish slavery • William Lloyd Garrison printed the most influential anti-slavery newspaper called the Liberator • The Grimke Sisters grew up on a plantation and believed slavery was morally wrong
  • 9. WHO WERE SOME FAMOUS AFRICAN AMERICAN ABOLITIONISTS?? • Frederick Douglass and Sojourner Truth were traveling abolitionist speakers who spoke from their own experience of slavery • Douglass began publishing an antislavery newspaper called the North Star.
  • 10. WHAT WAS THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD???? • This was a series of escape routes from the South to the North • Runaway slaves traveled by foot, wagon, boat, and train • Harriet Tubman was a conductor on the Underground Railroad
  • 11. A CALL FOR WOMEN'S RIGHTS • Most women suffragists started out as abolitionists. • When not allowed to speak at the World Anti-Slavery Convention in London in 1840, they turned some of their interests to equality for women
  • 12. WHAT HAPPENED AT THE SENECA FALLS CONVENTION??? Participants in the 1848 Seneca Falls meeting voted upon a resolution that demanded equality for women in these places-Work, schools and churches
  • 13. WHAT HAPPENED AT THE SENECA FALLS CONVENTION??? They read their Declaration of Sentiments-which listed several complaints and resolutions, ending with a demand for voting rights (suffrage).
  • 14. WORKER RIGHTS • Factory work was noisy, tedious, and unsafe, and workers began calling for better conditions through labor unions and strikes
  • 15. WHO WAS TAKING GOOD NOTES??? 1. WHAT IS REFORM? 2. NAME SOME OF THE THINGS PEOPLE WERE TRYING TO REFORM. 3.WHO WAS DOROTHEA DIX? 4.WHAT WAS THE TEMPERANCE MOVEMENT??? 5. A FEW STATES SET UP SCHOOLS FOR BLACK STUDENTS. T OR F
  • 16. WERE YOU TAKING GOOD NOTES??? 6. WHAT WAS THE ABOLITIONIST MOVEMENT?? 7. WHO WERE SOME FAMOUS AFRICAN AMERICAN ABOLITIONISTS? 8.WHAT WAS THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD? 9.WHAT WAS THE TEMPERANCE MOVEMENT??? 10.Participants in the 1848 Seneca Falls meeting voted upon a resolution that demanded equality for women in these places?

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