Articles of confederation and the U.S. Constitution

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DESCRIPTION OF THE EVENTS WHICH LED TO THE CREATION OF THE U.S. CONSTITUTION

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Articles of confederation and the U.S. Constitution

  1. 1. ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION & THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES
  2. 2. WHAT ARE THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION??
  3. 3. THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION   IN 1777 THE CONSTITUTION WAS COMPLETED AND IT WAS CALLED THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION IT WAS THE FIRST CONSTITUTION FOR THE U.S.
  4. 4. WHAT COULD THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION DO??   IT WAS VERY WEAK BUT CONGRESS COULD PASS A LAW, BUT 9/13 COLONIES HAD TO AGREE CONGRESS CREATED A POSTAL SERVICE
  5. 5. WHAT COULDN'T THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION DO??    CONGRESS COULD NOT PASS LAWS TO MAKE NEW TAXES IT DID NOT HAVE AN ARMY OR NAVY THERE WAS NO PRESIDENT OR SUPREME COURT
  6. 6. WHY DID THEY CHANGE THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION???  SHAY'S REBELLION EXPOSED WEAKNESSES IN THE AOC. IT WAS A MAIN REASON FOR CONGRESS WANTING TO CHANGE THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
  7. 7. WHAT WAS SHAY'S REBELLION???  SHAY'S REBELLION WAS ABOUT FARMERS WANTING TO OVERTHROW THE GOVERNMENT IN BOSTON TO SAVE THEIR HOMES AND FARMS FROM FORECLOSURE
  8. 8. WHAT HAPPENED AFTER SHAY'S REBELLION???    THE REBELLION FAILED. IT WAS PUT DOWN BY THE MILITIA UNDER THE AOC THERE WAS NO ARMY OR NAVY CONGRESS SAID THEY NEED TO REVISE THE AOC
  9. 9. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT???   IN 1787 CONGRESS CALLED FOR A CONSITUTIONAL CONVENTION IN PHILADELPHIA DELEGATES FROM EACH STATE CAME TO THE CONVENTION EXCEPT RHODE ISLAND
  10. 10. THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION   CONGRESS WANTED TO REVISE THE AOC THEY FINALLY AGREED TO THROW OUT THE AOC AND START FROM SCRATCH
  11. 11. THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION    IT TOOK 16 WEEKS TO FORM THE NEW GOVERNMENT THE CONSTITUTION WAS SIGNED INTO LAW IN SEPT 17, 1787 JAMES MADISON IS CALLED “THE FATHER OF THE U.S. CONSTITUTION
  12. 12. THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA IS CREATED   THE CONSTITUTION IS THE SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND THE CONSTITUTION IS MADE UP OF 3 PARTS:  THE PREAMBLE  7 ARTICLES  THE BILL OF RIGHTS (1ST 10 AMENDMENTS)
  13. 13. THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA    THE CONSTITUTION CREATED A STRONG CENTRAL GOVERNMENT IT HAS 3 BRANCHES (E,L,J) THE CONSTITUTION WAS CREATED BASED ON COMPROMISES
  14. 14. WHAT IS A COMPROMISE???  A COMPROMISE IS A SETTLEMENT IN WHICH EACH SIDE GIVES UP SOME OF ITS DEMANDS IN ORDER TO REACH AN AGREEMENT
  15. 15. THE GREAT COMPROMISE   THE GREAT COMPROMISE CREATED THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH IT HAS TWO HOUSES (HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES AND THE SENATE)
  16. 16. THE GREAT COMPROMISE   HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ARE SELECTED BASED ON POPULATION OF THE STATE EACH STATE GETS TWO SENTORS
  17. 17. THE 3/5 THS COMPROMISE   THE 3/5TH COMPROMISE COUNTED EVERY 3 OUT OF 5 ENSLAVED PERSON IT COUNTED TOWARDS THE STATE'S IN THE SOUTH POPULATION
  18. 18. THE SLAVE TRADE   NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN STATES AGREED TO BAN BRINGING ENSLAVED PEOPLE INTO THE U.S. CONGRESS COULD NOT OUTLAW THE TRADE FOR AT LEAST 20 YEARS
  19. 19. ELECTORAL COLLEGE   CONGRESS ALSO AGREE TO FORM A ELECTORAL COLLEGE TO SELECT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES THEY DIDN'T THINK THE AVERAGE PEOPLE WERE SMART ENOUGH
  20. 20. IT'S ALMOST COMPLETE, THEY HAVE TO ADD A BILL OF RIGHTS   THE CONSTITUTION CREATED A NEW GOVERNMENT BUT SOMETHING WAS MISSING SOME STATES WOULDN'T AGREE TO THE CONSTITUTION UNTIL THE PEOPLE'S RIGHTS WERE ADDED TO THE CONSTITUTION
  21. 21. WHY WAS THE BILL OF RIGHTS ADDED TO THE CONSTITUTION???  THE BILL OF RIGHTS WAS ADDED TO PROTECT CITIZEN'S BASIC LIBERTIES AND FREEDOMS

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