Landform Regions of CanadaThe movement of the earth’s plates, and the resultingfolding, faulting, and volcanic activity, have combinedwith the forces of erosion and weathering to create a variety of landscapes that affect the way we live.
A Landform Region is an area of the Earth with a unique set of physical features.
Canada can be Divided into 8 Landform Regions:1. Western Cordillera2. Interior Plains3. Canadian Shield4. Great Lakes-St.Lawrence Lowlands5. Appalachian6. Hudson Bay Lowlands7. Arctic Lowlands8. Innuitian Mountains
Western Cordillera• Physical Features: – high mountains running north to south• Plants/ Animals: – Lichens and shrubs higher up – coniferous forest and grasslands lower down – deer, elk, bears lower down.• Resources: – Lightly populated, travel is difficult – Lots of minerals, timber, and sources of hydro electricity
Interior Plains• Physical Features: – Very flat, with deep, fertile soil – Cold winters, hot summers• Plants: – South -mostly treeless, with grasses – North - trees called the boreal forest• Resources: – Farming wheat and cattle – Known as Canada’s “Bread Basket” – Rock has rich mineral, coal, oil and gas deposits
Canadian Shield• Physical Features: – Mostly flat with rounded hills and small lakes• Plants / Animals: – South - forest – North - tundra (mainly no trees, short summer, cold) – Moose, caribou, otters, beaver, bears – Resources: – Sparsely populated, not good for farming - the soil is too thin – Minerals such as lead, gold, nickel, copper and zinc – Ideal for recreation due to waterfalls, lakes, and forests
Great Lakes-St.LawrenceLowlands• Physical Description: – flat plains with small hills and deep river valleys – The great lakes are located in basins gouged out by the glaciers• Plants: – Before heavy farming and cities this area was forests• Resources: – 50% of Canada’s population and 70% of manufacturing industries is here – Good for farming - excellent soils and warm climate
Appalachian Mountains• Physical Description: – Rolling mountains and hills• Plants/ Animals: – Large, deciduous trees. – Squirrels, rabbits and deer – Resources: – Long ocean bays provide deep harbours for ocean freighters – Coal, iron and zinc
Hudson Bay Lowlands• Physical Features: – Flat low area with bogs, ponds, lakes and streams • Plants / Animals: – Wetlands – Polar bears – Caribou migrate to the area in summer – In summer -snow geese, Canada geese and swans • Resources: – Oil, natural gas
Arctic Lowlands• Physical Description: – Low-lying, barren islands with coastlines ranging from lowlands to cliffs. – Summer is short - cold and frozen in the winter – Dark all day in the winter and light all day in the summer• Plants: – Sparsely vegetated (very few plants)• Resources: – Mostly permafrost so construction is difficult and farming impossible