Performance of EU agriculture: productivity challenge Pierluigi Londero DG Agriculture and Rural Development
Outline <ul><li>Focus on past and projected EU performance </li></ul><ul><li>G20 boost to productivity </li></ul><ul><li>A...
Farm income grew faster in the new MS than in the EU15, though the gap is still substantial…   Development of agricultural...
Agricultural factor income per AWU by farm type in the EU‑25, avg 04-06 Income  (per worker)  depends on WHAT is produced …
Agricultural factor income per AWU by economic size class in the EU-25, average 2004-2006   …  and on HOW LARGE the farm is
Development of agricultural output and input prices in the EU-27, 2000-2008, in real terms Poor profitability in recent ye...
Evolution of agricultural labour productivity in the EU-27, 2002-2009, 2002=100 …  in spite of increasing labour productiv...
Evolution of annual work units and farms in the EU-27, 2000-2009 …  driven by structural adjustment
Recent trends in commodity prices Source: World Bank. Fertilisers + 163 % Energy + 223 % Agriculture + 50 %
Cereals: (low) yield growth will keep the sector growing <ul><li>EU-27 area, yield and production projections – 2020/21 vs...
Cereals: focus on yield growth <ul><li>EU-27 past and projected yield growth – average annual rate of change </li></ul>
Resulting in a slow down in farmers’ income
Results of G20 Agricultural Ministerial <ul><li>The Action Plan on food price volatility and agriculture mentions producti...
Results of G20 Agricultural Ministerial <ul><li>The Action Plan on food price volatility and agriculture includes: </li></...
Results of G20 Agricultural Ministerial <ul><li>The Action Plan on food price volatility and agriculture includes: </li></...
Findings of in-house analysis:  demand growth slowdown
Findings of in-house analysis: demand still faster than yields
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Pierluigi Londero (productivity)

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Pierluigi Londero (productivity)

  1. 1. Performance of EU agriculture: productivity challenge Pierluigi Londero DG Agriculture and Rural Development
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Focus on past and projected EU performance </li></ul><ul><li>G20 boost to productivity </li></ul><ul><li>AGRI analysis </li></ul>
  3. 3. Farm income grew faster in the new MS than in the EU15, though the gap is still substantial… Development of agricultural factor income per AWU in the EU-15 and EU-12, 1993-2009, EU-27 in 2000=100, in real terms
  4. 4. Agricultural factor income per AWU by farm type in the EU‑25, avg 04-06 Income (per worker) depends on WHAT is produced …
  5. 5. Agricultural factor income per AWU by economic size class in the EU-25, average 2004-2006 … and on HOW LARGE the farm is
  6. 6. Development of agricultural output and input prices in the EU-27, 2000-2008, in real terms Poor profitability in recent years as a result of a deterioration in terms of trade…
  7. 7. Evolution of agricultural labour productivity in the EU-27, 2002-2009, 2002=100 … in spite of increasing labour productivity…
  8. 8. Evolution of annual work units and farms in the EU-27, 2000-2009 … driven by structural adjustment
  9. 9. Recent trends in commodity prices Source: World Bank. Fertilisers + 163 % Energy + 223 % Agriculture + 50 %
  10. 10. Cereals: (low) yield growth will keep the sector growing <ul><li>EU-27 area, yield and production projections – 2020/21 vs. 2009/10 - % </li></ul>
  11. 11. Cereals: focus on yield growth <ul><li>EU-27 past and projected yield growth – average annual rate of change </li></ul>
  12. 12. Resulting in a slow down in farmers’ income
  13. 13. Results of G20 Agricultural Ministerial <ul><li>The Action Plan on food price volatility and agriculture mentions productivity 13 times! It includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We stress the need to increase agricultural production and productivity on a sustainable basis . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It requires improvements in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>land and water management, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>improved agricultural technologies, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>an appropriate and enabling environment which could lead to increased investments notably from the private sector, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>well-functioning markets and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>means to mitigate and manage risks associated with excessive price volatility of agricultural commodities. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We recognize that agricultural policies have an important role to play with regard to all these challenges. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Results of G20 Agricultural Ministerial <ul><li>The Action Plan on food price volatility and agriculture includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We recognize the importance of a significant increase in agricultural production and productivity , considering the diversity of conditions world-wide and the need for a sustainable use of natural resources , in order to respond to the challenge of a growing demand . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To feed a world population expected to reach more than 9 billion in 2050, it is estimated that agricultural production will have to increase by 70 percent over the same period, and more specifically by almost 100 percent in developing countries. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… also requires significant advances to reduce pre and post-harvest losses and food waste along value chains. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Results of G20 Agricultural Ministerial <ul><li>The Action Plan on food price volatility and agriculture includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We encourage the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>first G20 conference on agricultural research for development, involving our agricultural research centers, to be held in Montpellier on 12 and 13 September 2011 and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the G20 seminar on Agricultural Productivity to be held I October 2011. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Findings of in-house analysis: demand growth slowdown
  17. 17. Findings of in-house analysis: demand still faster than yields
  18. 18. Thank you!
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