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Medical procedures

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  • 1. BY: Cesar Romo
    Medical Procedures
  • 2. Doppler Ultrasound
    Used to measure the blood flow and blood pressure of a patient
    Doppler ultrasound less invasive than other tests
    Arteriography and venography are more invasive tests
  • 3. How it Works
    Doppler ultrasound uses sound-wave echoes that reflect off tissue and organs to evaluate blood as it flows through blood vessels
    Measures how fast blood flows by measuring its frequency
  • 4. Diagnosing
    The Doppler ultrasound can help diagnose the following conditions
    Blood cots
    Venous insufficiency
    Heart valve deficiency
    Congenital heart disease
    Obstructed artery
    Peripheral artery disease
    Aneurysms
    Stenosis of an artery
  • 5. Holter Monitor
    Also Known as a portable ECG (Electrocardiography)
    Used to asses the pulse and heart of a patient during regular activities
    Patients who have had a heart attack are asked to wear a Holter monitor
  • 6. How it Works
    Electrode patches are placed around the patches chest
    Electrodes are attached to a small recorder and must be worn a few hours or days
    Each case is unique so the time the Holter monitor is worn is different
  • 7. Diagnosing for the Holter Monitor
    • Used to detect unusual heart rhythms
    • 8. Used to diagnose
    • 9. Atrial fibrillation
    • 10. Multifiocal atrialtachycardia
    • 11. Palpitations
    • 12. Ventricular Tachycardia
    • 13. Paroxysmal superventricular tachycardia
  • Thrombolytic Therapy
    Drugs that are used to break or dissolve blood clots
    Used for the treatment of strokes and heart attacks
    Dissolve blood clots quickly which prevents muscle damage due to a lack of blood
  • 14. Types of Thrombolytic Therapy
    There are various types of thrombolytic drugs
    Lanoteplase
    Reteplase
    Staphylokinase
    Streptokinase (SK)
    Tenecteplase
    Urokinase
    Tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA)
  • 15. Exceptions to Thrombolytic Therapy
    Thrombolytic Therapy will not be given if the patient has the had or has the following
    A recent head injury
    Bleeding problem
    Bleeding ulcers
    Pregnancy
    Surgery
    Taken blood thinning medications such as Coumadin
    Trauma
    Uncontrolled high blood pressure