Depression project

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Depression project

  1. 1. Depression in Adolescent Girls Candace Romano
  2. 2. Understanding Depression <ul><li>A complex disturbance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many contributing factors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Common misconception </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teenagers are generally moody </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Difference between teenage and adult depression </li></ul>
  3. 3. Signs and Symptoms <ul><li>Sadness or hopelessness </li></ul><ul><li>Irritability, hostility and anger </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent crying </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty concentrating </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in eating and sleeping patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of interest or enthusiasm in activities </li></ul>
  4. 4. Statistics <ul><li>Teenage depression is increasing </li></ul><ul><li>One third of young women have been depressed at some point in their lives </li></ul><ul><li>Research shows that teenagers who suffer from depression are more likely to have parents who suffer from depression as well </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Teenagers who develop depression are 2 to 3 times more likely to have another episode in adulthood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5% of teenagers will relapse in 6 months </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Untreated depression during teenage years can lead to more severe episodes in adulthood </li></ul><ul><li>Teenagers with depression are more likely to give in to peer pressure </li></ul>
  6. 6. Possible Causes <ul><li>Overwhelming stress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Friends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Feelings of loss </li></ul><ul><li>Low self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Inherited traits </li></ul><ul><li>Personality </li></ul>
  7. 7. Untreated Depression <ul><li>Running away </li></ul><ul><li>Substance abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Eating disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Self-injury </li></ul><ul><li>Reckless behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide </li></ul>
  8. 8. Treatment Options <ul><li>Individual Therapy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cognitive behavioral: improve problem solving skills, social skills and negative thoughts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Family Therapy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work to alleviate problems at home </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Antidepressants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SSRIs: increase serotonin in the brain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used with caution in teenagers </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Supplementary Treatment Options <ul><li>Healthy diet </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping a journal </li></ul><ul><li>Becoming knowledgeable about depression </li></ul>
  10. 10. Supporting a Teen through Depression <ul><li>Unconditional support </li></ul><ul><li>Persistence </li></ul><ul><li>Listening without criticizing </li></ul><ul><li>Validating their feelings </li></ul>
  11. 11. Prevention <ul><li>Managing stress </li></ul><ul><li>Having a support system </li></ul><ul><li>Developing a healthy self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Getting involved in school activities </li></ul><ul><li>Staying physically active </li></ul><ul><li>Parent Involvement </li></ul>
  12. 12. Christian Perspective <ul><li>The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not overcome it </li></ul><ul><li>John 1:5 </li></ul><ul><li>I can do all things through him who strengthens me </li></ul><ul><li>Philippians 4:13 </li></ul>
  13. 13. References <ul><li>Craig J. Grace; Dunn L. Wendy. Understanding Human Development. Lake Street, NJ. Prentice Hall. 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>Empfield, Maureen; Bakalar Henry. Understanding Teen Depression: A guide to diagnosis, treatment and management. Holt and Company. New York, New York. 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>Wolff, Lisa. Teen Depression. Lucent Books. 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Parker, Gordon; Eyers, Kerrie. Navigating Teen Depression: A guide for parents and professionals. Black Dog Institute. Australia. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Hart, Arch; Dr. Webb, Catherine. Is Your Teen Stressed or Depressed? Thomas Nelson Inc. Nashville, Tennessee. 2005. </li></ul>

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