AGROFORESTRY AND SUSTAINABLE
GREEN COMMUNITY
2014 ICMCI Asia Pacific Hub Meeting
Dr. Thaung Naing Oo
Deputy Director
Fores...
¢ To promote agroforestry & community forestry
in mitigating climate change and sustainable
green community
Major causes of Climate Change
Six Major GHGs
(according to Kyoto Protocol 1997)
§  Carbon Dioxide-CO2
§ Methane CH4
§ ...
CAUSES OF CLIMATE CHANGE:
IPCC ASSESSMENT REPORT (2007)
Causes of Climate Change
Greenhouse Gases from
different sources
FOREST AS A CENTRE OF
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
¢  Recognizing the contributions of CF
—  Cash/monetized contributions (ti...
COMMUNITY
FORESTRY AND
AGRO-FORESTRY
FOR SUSTAINABLE
GREEN
COMMUNITY
Beyond Conventional Forest Management ………..
COMMUNITY FORESTRY
Total Area = 47,992 ha
No. of FUG = 745
No. of FUG members = 30,484 (as of 28-2-2014)
Ø  Empowerment o...
AGRO-FORESTRY
Agroforestry = Agriculture + Forestry + Livestock
v Agroforestry is an integrated approach of using the int...
BENEFITS OF AGROFORESTRY
Agroforestry for sustainable green
community
BENEFITS OF AGRO-FORESTRY
¢  Reducing poverty through increased production of wood and other
tree products
¢  Contributi...
Agroforestry for sustainable green community
v  Agro-silvicultural system
v  Silvopastoral System
v  Agro-silvopastoral...
Farm
Natural
Forest
Houses
User Group
Design of Community Forest established by
agroforestry methods
Design of Community Forest established by
agroforestry methods
Trees Crops
Houses
Farm
60 ft
60 ft
60ft
Design of Agroforestry system
15
Planting trees in boundary of the plot while crops are
grown inside
24 ft
24 ft
24 ft
24 ft
24 ft
24 ft
18
Design of Agroforestry system
Planting trees (24ftx24ft spacing) and crops are grow...
36 ft
36 ft
36
ft
36 ft
20
Design of Agroforestry system
Planting trees (36ftx36ft spacing) and crops are grown
among the ...
HOME GARDEN FOR RURAL COMMUNITY
DEVELOPMENT
Canopy layers % of
total
Canopy cover
Dominant
species
First layer
(< 1 m)
20 ...
SCALING-UP AGRO-FORESTRY/COMMUNITY FORESTRY AND LINKING
TO CLIMATE CHANGE (EG. REDD+)
22	
  
PROJECTS
SUBNATION
AL
NATIONA...
SUSTAINABLE GREEN COMMUNITY
¢  A "sustainable community" seeks to maintain and
improve the economic, environmental and so...
SUSTAINABLE GREEN COMMUNITY
¢  Protect, preserve and restore the natural environment.
¢  Establish true-cost pricing eco...
Thank you very much!!!!!!
Dr. thaung naing oo agroforestry (28.4.2014) edt
Dr. thaung naing oo agroforestry (28.4.2014) edt
Dr. thaung naing oo agroforestry (28.4.2014) edt
Dr. thaung naing oo agroforestry (28.4.2014) edt
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Dr. thaung naing oo agroforestry (28.4.2014) edt

  1. 1. AGROFORESTRY AND SUSTAINABLE GREEN COMMUNITY 2014 ICMCI Asia Pacific Hub Meeting Dr. Thaung Naing Oo Deputy Director Forest Department, Myanmar MICC – Nay Pyi Taw 28-4-2014
  2. 2. ¢ To promote agroforestry & community forestry in mitigating climate change and sustainable green community
  3. 3. Major causes of Climate Change Six Major GHGs (according to Kyoto Protocol 1997) §  Carbon Dioxide-CO2 § Methane CH4 §  Nitrous oxide N2O §  Hydro-Fluro-carbon-HFCs §  Perfluro-carbon-PFCs § Sulphur hexafluoride-SF6 ¢  Greenhouse Gas (GHGs)
  4. 4. CAUSES OF CLIMATE CHANGE: IPCC ASSESSMENT REPORT (2007) Causes of Climate Change Greenhouse Gases from different sources
  5. 5. FOREST AS A CENTRE OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ¢  Recognizing the contributions of CF —  Cash/monetized contributions (timber & NTFPs) —  Non-cash contributions (ecosystem services) —  Employment —  Rural development as pathways out of poverty q Impertinent role of CF in multi-functions v Biodiversity v Climate change mitigation and adaptation v Multiple functions of forests including spiritual and cultural v Food security and livelihood q Cross-sectoral linkages of Forests v Agriculture v Water v Energy v Transport v Mining v Health
  6. 6. COMMUNITY FORESTRY AND AGRO-FORESTRY FOR SUSTAINABLE GREEN COMMUNITY Beyond Conventional Forest Management ………..
  7. 7. COMMUNITY FORESTRY Total Area = 47,992 ha No. of FUG = 745 No. of FUG members = 30,484 (as of 28-2-2014) Ø  Empowerment of people for responsible, productive and sustainable management of local forest resources to meet their needs to stimulate local development. (FAO 2008) Ø  Forestry operations in which the local community itself is involved: —  such as: establishment of woodlots where there is insufficient fuelwood and other products for community use; Planting of trees and exploiting of forest products to obtain food supplies, consumer products and income at farmers level (CFI, 1995)
  8. 8. AGRO-FORESTRY Agroforestry = Agriculture + Forestry + Livestock v Agroforestry is an integrated approach of using the interactive benefits from combining trees and shrubs with crops. v It combines agricultural and forestry technologies to create more diverse, productive, profitable, healthy, and sustainable land-use systems. v Parklands v Shade systems v Crop-over-tree systems v Alley cropping v Strip cropping v Fauna-based systems v Boundary systems v Taungyas v Physical support systems v Agroforests v Wind break and shelterbelt
  9. 9. BENEFITS OF AGROFORESTRY Agroforestry for sustainable green community
  10. 10. BENEFITS OF AGRO-FORESTRY ¢  Reducing poverty through increased production of wood and other tree products ¢  Contributing to food security by restoring the soil fertility for food crops ¢  Cleaner water through reduced nutrient and soil runoff ¢  Countering global warming and the risk of hunger by increasing the number of drought-resistant trees and the subsequent production of fruits, nuts and edible oils ¢  Reducing deforestation and pressure on woodlands by providing farm-grown fuelwood ¢  Through more diverse farm outputs, improved human nutrition ¢  In situations where people have limited access to mainstream medicines, providing growing space for medicinal plants
  11. 11. Agroforestry for sustainable green community v  Agro-silvicultural system v  Silvopastoral System v  Agro-silvopastoral System v  Multipurpose tree plantation system Structural Classification of Agroforestry Systems
  12. 12. Farm Natural Forest Houses User Group Design of Community Forest established by agroforestry methods
  13. 13. Design of Community Forest established by agroforestry methods Trees Crops Houses Farm
  14. 14. 60 ft 60 ft 60ft Design of Agroforestry system 15 Planting trees in boundary of the plot while crops are grown inside
  15. 15. 24 ft 24 ft 24 ft 24 ft 24 ft 24 ft 18 Design of Agroforestry system Planting trees (24ftx24ft spacing) and crops are grown among the tree spacing
  16. 16. 36 ft 36 ft 36 ft 36 ft 20 Design of Agroforestry system Planting trees (36ftx36ft spacing) and crops are grown among the tree spacing
  17. 17. HOME GARDEN FOR RURAL COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT Canopy layers % of total Canopy cover Dominant species First layer (< 1 m) 20 % Vegetables and seasonal Flowering plants Second layer (1 – 2 m) 8 % Citrus, Papaya, Guava, banana, Third layer (2 - 5 m) 30 % Avocado, Coffee, Mango Fouth layer (>5m) 42 % Jackfruit, Avocado, dogfruit Thaung Naing Oo, 2006 AGRO-FORESTRY FOR GREEN COMMUNITY
  18. 18. SCALING-UP AGRO-FORESTRY/COMMUNITY FORESTRY AND LINKING TO CLIMATE CHANGE (EG. REDD+) 22   PROJECTS SUBNATION AL NATIONAL GLOBAL Community Forestry/ Agro-forestry
  19. 19. SUSTAINABLE GREEN COMMUNITY ¢  A "sustainable community" seeks to maintain and improve the economic, environmental and social characteristics of an area so its members can continue to lead healthy, productive, enjoyable lives.
  20. 20. SUSTAINABLE GREEN COMMUNITY ¢  Protect, preserve and restore the natural environment. ¢  Establish true-cost pricing economics. ¢  Support local agriculture and local business products and services. ¢  Develop clustered and multiple-use eco-communities. ¢  Utilize advanced transport, communication and production systems. ¢  Maximize conservation and develop local renewable resources. ¢  Establish recycling programs and recycled materials industries. ¢  Support for environmental education.
  21. 21. Thank you very much!!!!!!
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