Dr. thaung naing oo agroforestry (28.4.2014) edt
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Dr. thaung naing oo agroforestry (28.4.2014) edt

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Dr. thaung naing oo agroforestry (28.4.2014) edt Dr. thaung naing oo agroforestry (28.4.2014) edt Presentation Transcript

  • AGROFORESTRY AND SUSTAINABLE GREEN COMMUNITY 2014 ICMCI Asia Pacific Hub Meeting Dr. Thaung Naing Oo Deputy Director Forest Department, Myanmar MICC – Nay Pyi Taw 28-4-2014
  • ¢ To promote agroforestry & community forestry in mitigating climate change and sustainable green community
  • Major causes of Climate Change Six Major GHGs (according to Kyoto Protocol 1997) §  Carbon Dioxide-CO2 § Methane CH4 §  Nitrous oxide N2O §  Hydro-Fluro-carbon-HFCs §  Perfluro-carbon-PFCs § Sulphur hexafluoride-SF6 ¢  Greenhouse Gas (GHGs)
  • CAUSES OF CLIMATE CHANGE: IPCC ASSESSMENT REPORT (2007) Causes of Climate Change Greenhouse Gases from different sources
  • FOREST AS A CENTRE OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ¢  Recognizing the contributions of CF —  Cash/monetized contributions (timber & NTFPs) —  Non-cash contributions (ecosystem services) —  Employment —  Rural development as pathways out of poverty q Impertinent role of CF in multi-functions v Biodiversity v Climate change mitigation and adaptation v Multiple functions of forests including spiritual and cultural v Food security and livelihood q Cross-sectoral linkages of Forests v Agriculture v Water v Energy v Transport v Mining v Health
  • COMMUNITY FORESTRY AND AGRO-FORESTRY FOR SUSTAINABLE GREEN COMMUNITY Beyond Conventional Forest Management ………..
  • COMMUNITY FORESTRY Total Area = 47,992 ha No. of FUG = 745 No. of FUG members = 30,484 (as of 28-2-2014) Ø  Empowerment of people for responsible, productive and sustainable management of local forest resources to meet their needs to stimulate local development. (FAO 2008) Ø  Forestry operations in which the local community itself is involved: —  such as: establishment of woodlots where there is insufficient fuelwood and other products for community use; Planting of trees and exploiting of forest products to obtain food supplies, consumer products and income at farmers level (CFI, 1995)
  • AGRO-FORESTRY Agroforestry = Agriculture + Forestry + Livestock v Agroforestry is an integrated approach of using the interactive benefits from combining trees and shrubs with crops. v It combines agricultural and forestry technologies to create more diverse, productive, profitable, healthy, and sustainable land-use systems. v Parklands v Shade systems v Crop-over-tree systems v Alley cropping v Strip cropping v Fauna-based systems v Boundary systems v Taungyas v Physical support systems v Agroforests v Wind break and shelterbelt
  • BENEFITS OF AGROFORESTRY Agroforestry for sustainable green community
  • BENEFITS OF AGRO-FORESTRY ¢  Reducing poverty through increased production of wood and other tree products ¢  Contributing to food security by restoring the soil fertility for food crops ¢  Cleaner water through reduced nutrient and soil runoff ¢  Countering global warming and the risk of hunger by increasing the number of drought-resistant trees and the subsequent production of fruits, nuts and edible oils ¢  Reducing deforestation and pressure on woodlands by providing farm-grown fuelwood ¢  Through more diverse farm outputs, improved human nutrition ¢  In situations where people have limited access to mainstream medicines, providing growing space for medicinal plants
  • Agroforestry for sustainable green community v  Agro-silvicultural system v  Silvopastoral System v  Agro-silvopastoral System v  Multipurpose tree plantation system Structural Classification of Agroforestry Systems
  • Farm Natural Forest Houses User Group Design of Community Forest established by agroforestry methods
  • Design of Community Forest established by agroforestry methods Trees Crops Houses Farm
  • 60 ft 60 ft 60ft Design of Agroforestry system 15 Planting trees in boundary of the plot while crops are grown inside
  • 24 ft 24 ft 24 ft 24 ft 24 ft 24 ft 18 Design of Agroforestry system Planting trees (24ftx24ft spacing) and crops are grown among the tree spacing
  • 36 ft 36 ft 36 ft 36 ft 20 Design of Agroforestry system Planting trees (36ftx36ft spacing) and crops are grown among the tree spacing
  • HOME GARDEN FOR RURAL COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT Canopy layers % of total Canopy cover Dominant species First layer (< 1 m) 20 % Vegetables and seasonal Flowering plants Second layer (1 – 2 m) 8 % Citrus, Papaya, Guava, banana, Third layer (2 - 5 m) 30 % Avocado, Coffee, Mango Fouth layer (>5m) 42 % Jackfruit, Avocado, dogfruit Thaung Naing Oo, 2006 AGRO-FORESTRY FOR GREEN COMMUNITY
  • SCALING-UP AGRO-FORESTRY/COMMUNITY FORESTRY AND LINKING TO CLIMATE CHANGE (EG. REDD+) 22   PROJECTS SUBNATION AL NATIONAL GLOBAL Community Forestry/ Agro-forestry
  • SUSTAINABLE GREEN COMMUNITY ¢  A "sustainable community" seeks to maintain and improve the economic, environmental and social characteristics of an area so its members can continue to lead healthy, productive, enjoyable lives.
  • SUSTAINABLE GREEN COMMUNITY ¢  Protect, preserve and restore the natural environment. ¢  Establish true-cost pricing economics. ¢  Support local agriculture and local business products and services. ¢  Develop clustered and multiple-use eco-communities. ¢  Utilize advanced transport, communication and production systems. ¢  Maximize conservation and develop local renewable resources. ¢  Establish recycling programs and recycled materials industries. ¢  Support for environmental education.
  • Thank you very much!!!!!!