Writing an introduction

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  • 1. Seminar Workshop: Writing an Introduction Carlo Magno, PhD De La Salle University, Manila
  • 2. Objective • Follow guidelines in writing a short introduction of a topic in English • Write a one paragraph introduction of any topic in English following the guidelines presented Time Duration: 1 hour
  • 3. What is an introduction • Opens the paper • Gives the reader an impression of your paper • Readers gets an overview of what your paper is all about
  • 4. Phases in Writing • Planning • Execution (start writing) • Evaluating (checking ones work)
  • 5. 1. Planning • Think about what you want to write • Be clear on the purpose of your paper: Inform, solve a problem, test a hypothesis, prove a notion, present arguments • State your purpose in a sentence • Make an outline of the parts of your paper
  • 6. 2. Start writing • Write in a comfortable place and time where you can think better. • Get ideas by reading first. • You can think about several ideas to write if you have read enough information that you need.
  • 7. Guidelines in writing the introduction • Be thematically explicit. It should contain a general overview of the whole paper. Introduce the themes that will run throughout the paper. Give the reader an idea of the big picture.
  • 8. Guidelines in writing the introduction • Contain the problem you wish to discuss. This problem can be a gap in current knowledge, a puzzle, a contradiction, unaccountable or conflicting data, etc.
  • 9. Guidelines in writing the introduction • Establish the cost to the reader of not solving this problem. In short, it should answer the question: So What? Typical costs could be misunderstanding, unpredictability, etc.
  • 10. Guidelines in writing the introduction • The end of the introduction should outline your response or solution to this problem. This is called the "paper point."
  • 11. Example As scientists have explored environmental threats, many of their concerns have proved exaggerated, such as the effect of acid rain and the imminence of the Greenhouse Effect. [context] But recently they have discovered a threat that is all too real: the ozone layer has been thinning, thereby allowing sunlight to reach the earth unfiltered.[problem] Unfiltered sunlight causes skin cancer, which will raise mortality rates and medical costs. [cost to reader] We can avoid these consequences only if we ban chemicals that degrade ozone. [solution]
  • 12. Structuring the paragraph • 2 sections: • 1) An opening segment, called the Issue Position, that sets up the paper, section, or paragraph. • 2) The body, called the Discussion, that completes, develops, or discusses that opening segment.
  • 13. Structuring the paragraph
  • 14. 3. Evaluating and revising • Read your own work. • Reread after revising. • Ask somebody to comment/edit your work. • Revise according to comments.
  • 15. Workshop • Select any topic that you want to write about • Write the introduction • The introduction must have a context, problem, cost, and solution. • Be clear on your point and discussion • You will be asked to read your work in front