Developing Assessment
Competencies and Literacies
for the 21st
Century Educator
Carlo Magno, PhD
Counseling and Educationa...
SHIFTS IN ASSESSMENT
• Testing Alternative assessment
• Paper and pencil Performance assessment
• Multiple choice Supply
•...
• “school improvement efforts would not be
productive until educators become
masters of the basic principles of sound
clas...
Why do we need standards?
• To make sure that
everyone delivers
quality work
• To produce quality
students
• To deliver qu...
National Competency-Based Teaching
Standards (NCBTS)
• (1) Social Regard for Learning
• (2) Learning Environment
• (3) Div...
Domain 5
• (5.1) The teacher communicates promptly and
clearly the learners’ progress to parents,
superiors and to learner...
Problems?
• Planning, assessing, and reporting are not
stated as competencies
• The concepts of planning, assessing and
re...
ASSESSMENT COMPETENCIES FOR
TEACHERS
• Constructed by the AFT, NCME, NEA:
• Teachers should be skilled in:
1.choosing asse...
ASSESSMENT COMPETENCIES FOR
TEACHERS
• Teachers should be skilled in:
2. Administering, scoring, and interpreting
the resu...
ASSESSMENT COMPETENCIES FOR
TEACHERS
• Teachers should be skilled in:
• Using assessment results when making
decisions abo...
ASSESSMENT COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS
• Teachers should be skilled in:
• Developing valid pupil
grading procedures that
use...
ASSESSMENT COMPETENCIES FOR
TEACHERS
• Teachers should be skilled in:
4. Communicating assessment results to
students, par...
ASSESSMENT COMPETENCIES FOR
TEACHERS
• Teachers should be skilled in:
4. Recognizing unethical, illegal, and
otherwise ina...
Standards
• Standard 1: Choosing assessment
methods
A C T
Selection of assessment
method—basis
.99 .99 .99
Standard test-m...
Standards
• Standard 2: Developing assessment
methods
A C T
Teacher made assessment
least measurement error
.68 .75 .67
De...
Standards
• Standard 3: Interpreting assessment
results
A C T
Interpret teacher-made test
score
.82 .83 .78
Interpret Grad...
Standards
• Standard 4: Using assessment results in
decision making
A C T
Standard test data most
useful for classroom
.55...
Standards
• Standard 5: Using assessment results in
grading
A C T
Weighting test scores to give
grades
.38 .36 .34
Reliabi...
Standards
• Standard 6: Communicating assessment
results
A C T
Explain basis for grade .98 .99 .99
Interpret stanine .59 ....
Standards
• Standard 7: Recognizing unethical
assessment practices
A C T
Display of grade—privacy .98 .96 .98
Test as only...
Assessment Literacy
• According to Parterno (2001)
– “The possession of knowledge
about the basic principles of
sound asse...
Assessment Literacy
• North Central Regional
Educational
Laboratory:
– “the readiness of an
educator to design,
implement,...
Assessment literate educators:
• Center for School Improvement and Policy
Studies, Boise State University
– Recognize soun...
Assessment literate educators:
– Assessment literates know the difference between
sound and unsound assessment.
– They are...
Assessment literate educators:
• Cont. Stiggins (1995)
• They enter the realm of
assessment knowing:
• what they are asses...
Assessment literate educators:
• Cont. Stiggins (1995):
– They are also aware of the potential
negative consequences of po...
Assessment Literacy
• (1) Assessment comes with a clear purpose
• (2) focusing on achievement targets
• (3) selecting prop...
Recommendations
• 1. Assessment competencies for teachers
needs to be made in the Philippine setting
– The National Compet...
Recommendations
• 2. Teachers should be screened based
on the requirements of sound
assessment.
– LET standards on assessm...
Recommendations
• 3. Preservice teachers needs to be
educated on assessment literacy.
– Include the topic on assessment li...
Recommendations
• 4. Graduate studies on education for
school leaders, counselors, teachers, and
other school personnel sh...
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Assessment competencies literacies

  1. 1. Developing Assessment Competencies and Literacies for the 21st Century Educator Carlo Magno, PhD Counseling and Educational Psychology Department De La Salle University, Manila
  2. 2. SHIFTS IN ASSESSMENT • Testing Alternative assessment • Paper and pencil Performance assessment • Multiple choice Supply • Single correct answer Many correct answer • Summative Formative • Outcome only Process and Outcome • Skill focused Task-based • Isolated facts Application of knowledge • Decontextualized task Contextualized task
  3. 3. • “school improvement efforts would not be productive until educators become masters of the basic principles of sound classroom assessment” (Stiggins, 1995).
  4. 4. Why do we need standards? • To make sure that everyone delivers quality work • To produce quality students • To deliver quality programs
  5. 5. National Competency-Based Teaching Standards (NCBTS) • (1) Social Regard for Learning • (2) Learning Environment • (3) Diversity of Learners • (4) Curriculum • (5) Planning, Assessing, and Reporting • (6) Community linkages • (7) Personal Growth and Professional Development
  6. 6. Domain 5 • (5.1) The teacher communicates promptly and clearly the learners’ progress to parents, superiors and to learners themselves, (5.3) the teacher monitors regularly and provides feedback on learners’ understanding of content. (5.2) the teacher develops and uses a variety of appropriate assessment strategies to monitor and evaluate learning
  7. 7. Problems? • Planning, assessing, and reporting are not stated as competencies • The concepts of planning, assessing and reporting can be independent or subsumes each other. • The domain on planning, assessing, and reporting are limited to procedural knowledge.
  8. 8. ASSESSMENT COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS • Constructed by the AFT, NCME, NEA: • Teachers should be skilled in: 1.choosing assessment methods appropriate for instructional decisions. American Federation of Teachers, National Council on Measurement and Evaluation, and National Education Association in the United States of America.
  9. 9. ASSESSMENT COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS • Teachers should be skilled in: 2. Administering, scoring, and interpreting the results of both externally produced and teacher produced assessment methods. American Federation of Teachers, National Council on Measurement and Evaluation, and National Education Association in the United States of America.
  10. 10. ASSESSMENT COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS • Teachers should be skilled in: • Using assessment results when making decisions about individual students, planning teaching, and developing curriculum and school improvement. American Federation of Teachers, National Council on Measurement and Evaluation, and National Education Association in the United States of America.
  11. 11. ASSESSMENT COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS • Teachers should be skilled in: • Developing valid pupil grading procedures that use pupil assessment. American Federation of Teachers, National Council on Measurement and Evaluation, and National Education Association in the United States of America.
  12. 12. ASSESSMENT COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS • Teachers should be skilled in: 4. Communicating assessment results to students, parents, other lay audiences, and other educators. American Federation of Teachers, National Council on Measurement and Evaluation, and National Education Association in the United States of America.
  13. 13. ASSESSMENT COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS • Teachers should be skilled in: 4. Recognizing unethical, illegal, and otherwise inappropriate assessment methods and uses of assessment information. American Federation of Teachers, National Council on Measurement and Evaluation, and National Education Association in the United States of America.
  14. 14. Standards • Standard 1: Choosing assessment methods A C T Selection of assessment method—basis .99 .99 .99 Standard test-meaning of measurement error .79 .91 .76 Using norms correctly .76 .85 .77
  15. 15. Standards • Standard 2: Developing assessment methods A C T Teacher made assessment least measurement error .68 .75 .67 Determining validity .91 .90 .94 Item construction- essay/performance .82 .83 .78
  16. 16. Standards • Standard 3: Interpreting assessment results A C T Interpret teacher-made test score .82 .83 .78 Interpret Grade Equivalency score .77 .79 .63 Interpret percentile band scores .80 .78 .60
  17. 17. Standards • Standard 4: Using assessment results in decision making A C T Standard test data most useful for classroom .55 .51 .52 Basis for comparing schools' test scores .63 .59 .52 Explaining discrepancy between classroom and standard test scores .55 .57 .47
  18. 18. Standards • Standard 5: Using assessment results in grading A C T Weighting test scores to give grades .38 .36 .34 Reliability of tests for grading .21 .24 .15 Recognize sound grading practice .85 .85 .85
  19. 19. Standards • Standard 6: Communicating assessment results A C T Explain basis for grade .98 .99 .99 Interpret stanine .59 .67 .37 Using tests for resource allocation .91 .93 .92
  20. 20. Standards • Standard 7: Recognizing unethical assessment practices A C T Display of grade—privacy .98 .96 .98 Test as only criterion for grade .91 .91 .87 Acceptable actions on standardized tests .90 .95 .94
  21. 21. Assessment Literacy • According to Parterno (2001) – “The possession of knowledge about the basic principles of sound assessment practice, including terminology. – The development and use of assessment methodologies and techniques. – Familiarity with standards of quality in assessment – Familiarity with alternatives to traditional measurements of learning
  22. 22. Assessment Literacy • North Central Regional Educational Laboratory: – “the readiness of an educator to design, implement, and discuss assessment strategies”
  23. 23. Assessment literate educators: • Center for School Improvement and Policy Studies, Boise State University – Recognize sound assessment, evaluation, communication practices; – They understand which assessment methods to use to gather dependable information and student achievement. – Communicate assessment results effectively, whether using report card grades, test scores, portfolios, or conferences. – Can use assessment to maximize student motivation and learning by involving students as full partners in assessment, record keeping, and communication
  24. 24. Assessment literate educators: – Assessment literates know the difference between sound and unsound assessment. – They are not intimidated by the sometimes mysterious and always daunting technical world of assessment Stiggins (1995)
  25. 25. Assessment literate educators: • Cont. Stiggins (1995) • They enter the realm of assessment knowing: • what they are assessing, • why they are doing it, • how best to assess the skill/knowledge of interest, • how to generate good examples of student performance, • what can potentially go wrong with the assessment, • and how to prevent that from happening
  26. 26. Assessment literate educators: • Cont. Stiggins (1995): – They are also aware of the potential negative consequences of poor, inaccurate assessment
  27. 27. Assessment Literacy • (1) Assessment comes with a clear purpose • (2) focusing on achievement targets • (3) selecting proper assessment methods • (4) sampling student achievement
  28. 28. Recommendations • 1. Assessment competencies for teachers needs to be made in the Philippine setting – The National Competency-Based Teaching Competencies has a very limited specification for the assessment skills of teachers. This needs to be elaborated further
  29. 29. Recommendations • 2. Teachers should be screened based on the requirements of sound assessment. – LET standards on assessment needs to be improved – Criteria for assessing teacher performance should include their ability to make sound assessment
  30. 30. Recommendations • 3. Preservice teachers needs to be educated on assessment literacy. – Include the topic on assessment literacy in assessment of learning courses as part of the introduction
  31. 31. Recommendations • 4. Graduate studies on education for school leaders, counselors, teachers, and other school personnel should be taught the utility and value of assessment when making decisions.

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