Psychoanalysis
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Psychoanalysis

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Psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis Presentation Transcript

  • Psychoanalysis Freud and Jung
  • DefinitionO Method of mind investigation – especially unconsciousO “A therapeutic method, originated by Sigmund Freud, for treating mental disorders by investigating the interaction of conscious and unconscious elements in the patients mind and bringing repressed fears and conflicts into the conscious mind, using techniques such as dream interpretation and free association” (Oxford English Dictionary)
  • Branches of PsychoanalysisO Human behaviour affected by irrational drives - the unconsciousO Attempts to bring into awareness meet resistance in the form of defence mechanisms:O Events in early childhoodO Conflicts between conscious view of reality and unconscious (repressed) material = mental disturbancesO Liberation from the effects of the unconscious material is achieved through bringing this into the consciousness
  • Freud:O Free association, dreams and transference:O Patient puts into words, without censorship, whatever thoughts enter headO Patient helps him or herself – solve their own problems
  • DreamsO Freud turned dreams into object of scrutiny and developed theory for interpreting themO The Interpretation of Dreams: dreams express current wishes as well as unfulfilled childhood desiresO Freud believed all problems originate from childhoodO Dream-work:O Condensation: different ideas – single imageO Displacement: disturbing – less disturbingO Representation: thoughts – imagesO Symbolization: object- sexual life
  • TransferenceO Way in which someone attributes to analyst their attitudes from important childhood figures
  • Ego, super-ego and idO IdO Present from birthO UnconsciousO Driven by pleasure principle, which strives for immediate gratification of all desires, wants, and needsO The EgoO Dealing with realityO Functions in conscious, preconscious, and unconscious mindO Super-egoO Internalized moral standards and ideals that we acquire from both parents and society--our sense of right and wrongO Making judgementsO The Interaction of the Id, Ego and SuperegoO According to Freud, the key to a healthy personality is a balance between the id, the ego, and the superego
  • JungO Form of psychotherapy in which the analyst and patient work together to increase the patient’s consciousnessO Treat depression and anxietyO Assists psychological growthO Realignment of conscious and unconscious aspects of the personality
  • Aspects of the PsycheO PsycheO Ego - centre of consciousnessO Self - centre of whole psycheO Analytic work moves beyond ego and seeks to establish a relationship between ego and selfO PersonaO Social identity that we identify with the egoO We are much more than the social roles we may play and can move beyond themO ShadowO Unconscious aspects of our personality that have been lost, rejected or never integrated.O If identified - less likely to blame others for our problems
  • Anima and AnimusO Two other fundamental archetypes in the unconsciousO Inner feminine side of a man – AnimaO Inner masculine side of a woman – AnimusO When conscious of these figures, they can promote and support new aspects of thinking, feeling and expressionO When figures remain unconscious, they can sabotage efforts for growth and fulfilment
  • Goals of Jungian PsychoanalysisO Coming to terms with the unconsciousO Appreciating the experience (journey) of exploring the unconsciousO Working towards self-realisation through dreamsO Develop a way to evaluate things symbolically